Harb Nafseh ( حربنفسه )
Hirbnafsah (Arabic: حر بنفسه, romanized: Hīrbnafseh, also spelled Harb Nafseh) or Harbanafsah (Turkish: Hırbınefsıh, Arabic: حربنفسه, romanized: Hīrbīnafsīh) is a town in northwestern Syria, administratively part of the Hama Governorate, southwest of Hama. Nearby localities include Deir al-Fardis to the north, Tumin and al-Rastan to the east, Kisin and Kafr Nan to the south, Talaf to the southwest, . According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Hirbnafsah had a population of 3,574 in the 2004 census. It is the administrative center and sixth largest locality of the Hirbnafsah nahiyah ("subdistrict") which consists of 26 localities with a collective population of 54,592. Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.
During the ongoing Syrian civil war, which began in 2011, opposition sources claimed that 40 people in Hirbnafsa were killed as a result of Syrian Army and pro-government militia bombardment on 6 August 2012. Other opposition accounts put the fatality figure at 11, including five children.
- Günümüzde Suriye Türkmenleri. — Suriye’de Değişimin Ortaya Çıkardığı Toplum: Suriye Türkmenleri, p. 18 ORSAM Rapor № 83. ORSAM – Ortadoğu Türkmenleri Programı Rapor № 14. Ankara — November 2011, 33 pages.
- General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Hama Governorate. (in Arabic)
- Smith, 1841, p. 178.
- le Strange, 1890, p. 448.
- Syria TV 'hit by bomb attack' in Damascus. BBC News. 2012-08-06.
- Smith, Eli; Robinson, Edward (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the Year 1838. 3. Crocker and Brewster.
- le Strange, Guy (1890), Palestine Under the Moslems: A Description of Syria and the Holy Land from A.D. 650 to 1500, Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund