History of Brazilian animation

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The history of Brazilian animation is relatively recent. In the first half of the 20th century, there were some small experiments produced in animation without much continuity, to the emergence of several animated films in the other half of the century. The 21st century saw the advent of many animated series for television.

1910s-1950s[edit]

Frame of "Kaiser" (1917)

Since 1907, Brazilian theaters already presented animated vignettes at the closing of the newsreels. However, Kaiser was the first Brazilian autonomous animation. The animated short film was exhibited in 1917 during World War I. The animation was created by Álvaro Marins and satirirized the German Emperor Wilhelm II with which Brazil declared war in that year.[1][2]


The first feature-length animated film made in the country is Amazon Symphony, produced by Anélio Lattini Filho in 1953. Filmed in black and white, it took 6 years to be completed because it was conducted solely by Anélio Lattini, without the help of any other animator. During the 1960s, animation began to have a regular presence in advertising.[3]

1970s-1990s[edit]

Piconzé is another milestone in Brazilian animation, as the first color animation feature film produced in the country. It was released in theaters in 1972, and made by the Japanese cartoonist Ypê Nakashima (1926-1974), who immigrated to Brazil in 1956 and worked with animation in advertising. In Japan, Ypê Nakashima worked in newspapers such as Mainichi Shimbun, Yomiuri Shimbun and Asahi Shimbun.[4]

In this decade the Monica's Gang comics, which have become quite popular among younger audiences in the region, were adapted to numerous animated films over the years resulting in a TV show a few years later. Some other animated films were also produced during the 1980s and 1990s, however in 1996 the most outstanding film was Cassiopeia, which was the first Brazilian animated film to be computer-animated, a year after the release of the Pixar film Toy Story.[5]

2000s-present[edit]

A great advance in Brazilian animations occurred in recent years. Several awarded films have emerged in the first decade as The Happy Cricket[6] (and its sequel The Happy Cricket and the Giant Bugs), Xuxinha e Guto contra os Monstros do Espaço, Uma Aventura no Tempo, Brichos, Garoto Cósmico, and several TV series such as Anabel, Fudêncio, Gui & Estopa and Fishtronaut. The series Doggy Day School and My Big Big Friend were the first animated series to be co-produced with foreign countries, Canada as was the case for both.

With a law created by the Brazilian organization ANCINE[7] in 2011 several cable children's channels were forced to develop Brazilian original series, mostly cartoons. Among the best known cartoons in Brazil today include Sítio do Picapau Amarelo, Monica's Gang, Haunted Tales for Wicked Kids and Jorel's Brother.[8] The films Rio 2096: A Story of Love and Fury and The Boy and the World, have won international awards outside Brazil. The Boy and the World was released in more than 50 countries.

See also[edit]

References[edit]