History of Nigerian Americans in Dallas–Fort Worth
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|Ethnicity in Dallas-Fort Worth|
Many Nigerians of Igbo origin began leaving Nigeria after the Biafra war of 1967-1970. Since then Dallas received several persons of Nigerian origin, and by the 1980s the Nigerian community in Dallas formed.
As of 2000, within the counties of Dallas, Denton, Collin, and Tarrant, there were 7,300 persons who were born in Nigeria, making up about 1% of the total foreign-born population of these four counties. As of 2005 most of the Nigerian immigrants come from southern Nigeria.
As of 2014 the numbers of Igbo Nigerian Americans in the Dallas-Fort Worth area were in the ten thousands. Several Nigerian community leaders in the DFW area stated that there were up to 50,000 Igbos in the region.
In 2005 Dennis D. Cordell and Manuel Garcia y Griego, authors of "The Integration of Nigerian and Mexican Immigrants in Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas," wrote that "virtually all Nigerians arriving in the DFW, even the most recent cohort in 2000-2004, came with high levels of spoken English." This is due to the fact that most Nigerians coming to DFW historically came from the upper and middle classes and had used English extensively. Many Nigerians have heavy accents and some speakers of American English have difficulty understanding them.
The main area of Nigerian settlement in Dallas, also occupied by African-Americans, includes a market frequented by Nigerians, a Nigerian-centered restaurant, and many rental units. It is in proximity to U.S. Highway 75.
By 2014 several DFW area Nigerians became involved in the home health care business. in 2014 Nigerian American attorney Godson Anyanwu stated that the home healthcare business attracted Nigerians since it has better income possibilities compared to many other types of jobs and it may allow them to own their own businesses. That year U.S. federal officials had entered several indictments against some of them, accusing them of engaging in fraud. U.S. attorney Sarah Saldaña stated that their Nigerian origins were "not material" and "carries no weight in any of the indictments I am aware of."
As of 2007 large numbers of Nigerian immigrants in the DFW area have post-secondary education, and almost all of them had received secondary education.
Most universities in the metroplex have an African student organization that is usually composed mostly of Nigerians.
- Cordell, Dennis D. "Paradoxes of Immigrant Incorporation: High Achievement and Perceptions of Discrimination by Nigerians in Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas (USA)" (Chapter 2). In: Falola, Toyin and Niyi Afolabi. Trans-Atlantic Migration: The Paradoxes of Exile (African Studies). Routledge, November 21, 2007. ISBN 1135900787, 9781135900786. Start: p. 13.
- Cordell, Dennis D. (Southern Methodist University) and Manuel Garcia y Griego (University of Texas at Arlington). "THE INTEGRATION OF NIGERIAN AND MEXICAN IMMIGRANTS IN DALLAS/FORT WORTH, TEXAS" (Archive) - International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) XXV International Population Conference, 2005. Working paper.
- Cordell, p. 14
- Landers, Jim. "Dallas area home to huge health care frauds" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. February 15, 2014. Updated February 17, 2014. Retrieved on July 18, 2015.
- Cordell and Garcia y Griego, p. 14.
- Cordell, p. 13-14
- Cordell and Garcia y Griego, p. 7.
- Cordell and Garcia y Griego, p. 8.
- Brettell, p. 67.
- Brettell, p. 68.
- Cordell, p. 14-15
- Cordell and Garcia y Griego, p. 17.