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A homewrecker (sometimes styled as home wrecker or home-wrecker) is a person, object or activity that causes or comes close to causing the breakup of a marriage (or similar partnership). The homewrecker is said to have taken one of the spouses away from the marriage, thus "wrecking" the marital home.
Most commonly, the label "homewrecker" is applied to a person having an affair with someone else's spouse or domestic partner; it can also refer to other forces that are destructive to a marital relationship and tied only to one party to that relationship.
When "homewrecker" is used to describe a person, it is applied to someone who breaks up a pre-existing relationship by having an affair with one of its partners. It may be applied more often when the person actually intends to cause the break-up in order to replace the prior partner permanently.
Homewrecking is not used exclusively to describe the break-up of marriages; it is also used in connection with other long-term relationships that resemble marriage, especially where there are children or joint property.
Less frequently, other intense and/or time-consuming pursuits of a partner lead to broken relationships and are labeled "homewreckers"; alcoholism, for example, has long been identified as a homewrecker. More common examples are drug addiction, gambling addiction, domestic violence, e.g. child abuse and controlling personality.
Other common targets for homewrecker labeling are intense pursuit of a career, devotion to a hobby, or running a business. The time commitment to these and similar activities can rend normal home life asunder and earn the name "homewrecker".
Immersive Internet-based social applications and pornography are also becoming more commonly labelled as homewreckers, especially when they share the social and sexual aspects of having an affair.
Family members can act as homewreckers by alienating one partner, identifying weaknesses in one partner, and/or exacerbating minor disagreements into major issues.
Usage is disputed in situations where the relationship was in trouble even without the affair. For example, in a faltering marriage, an estranged husband may have an affair, and the wife may emotionally blame the alleged homewrecker for the breakup of the marriage, even though the affair itself was partly the result of stresses that pre-dated it. Nevertheless, even in such cases, the affair can be a major additional stressor and make the relationship unsalvageable.
Others suggest that affairs should never create an impression of homewrecking since it is unhealthy relationships that lead to affairs and that any fault for an affair should be laid more at the feet of the cheating partner than at the third party.
Homewrecker is frequently used in the title of works in the performing arts, including songs, record albums, movies, television series and episodes of television series. See Homewrecker (disambiguation).
There are several different cocktails called "Homewrecker." As with many named alcoholic drinks, there is an element of hyperbole in this name; it may relate to the common application of term to alcoholism as a marriage stressor, as described above.
The recipes for several different variations of "Homewrecker" cocktails include:
- 2 oz melon liqueur, 2 oz tequila, 2 oz cranberry juice, 1 oz Jägermeister,
- 1/2 oz. Malibu Rum, 1/2 oz. Peach Schnapps, 1/2 oz. Vodka, Orange Juice, Strawberry Daiquiri Mix, or
- 1 1/2 oz Old Overholt Rye, 1/2 oz Punt e Mes, 1/2 oz St. Germain, 1/2 oz Lemon Juice (from 1940)
Scientific American, tongue-in-cheek, referred to oxytocin as a homewrecker. The hormone normally triggers a nesting instinct, which makes it a "home builder", not a homewrecker. But with chronic exposure in prairie voles, a study instead showed a breakdown of the normal nesting instincts: The animals avoided pair bonding and pup nurturing. This raises questions about the growing practice of using oxytocin to treat behavior disorders such as autism.
- Towns, Charles B. (1916). "Drug Addictions and Alcoholism". Medical Review of Reviews. 22: 523.
- Hupka, Ralph B.; Bram Buunk; Gábor Falus; Ante Fulgosi; Elsa Ortega; Ronny Swain; Nadia Tarabrina (1985). "Romantic Jealousy and Romantic Envy: A Seven-Nation Study". Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 16: 423–446. doi:10.1177/0022002185016004002.
- Forleo, Marie. "Is Your Business a Homewrecker? Three Steps To Save Your Marriagex". Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- Wade, Renee. "There's no Such Thing as a Home-wrecker". The Feminine Woman. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Homewrecker recipe". SheKnows. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- "Homewrecker Drink Recipe - Cocktail". Bar None Drinks. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- "home wrecker". Drink & Tell. cocktail virgin.
- Gary, Stix (October 16, 2012). "When the Cuddle Hormone Is a Home Wrecker". Scientific American. Talking Back blog. Archived from the original on 2013-08-19. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- Bales, Karen; Allison Perkeybile (August 2013). "When Too Much of a Good Thing is Bad: Chronic Oxytocin, Development, and Social Impairments". Biological Psychiatry. 74 (3): 160–161. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.05.015. PMID 23845581. Retrieved 19 August 2013.