Honjō city hall
Location of Honjō in Saitama Prefecture
|• Total||89.69 km2 (34.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||868/km2 (2,250/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Flower||Oenothera tetraptera (Tsukimiso in Japanese)|
|Address||3-5-3 Honjo, Honjo-shi, Saitama-ken 367-8501|
Honjō (本庄市, Honjō-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2016[update], the city had an estimated population of 77,880, and a population density of 868 persons per km². Its total area is 89.69 square kilometres (34.63 sq mi).
Located in northwestern Saitama Prefecture, Honjō is on the upper reaches of the Tone River.
The area of Honjō has been inhabited since prehistoric times and numerous burial mounds from the Kofun period have been found in the area. During the Kamakura period, the area was dominated by the Honjō clan, who continued to rule over a castle town and eventually the short-lived Honjō Domain during the early Tokugawa shogunate of the Edo period. After the suppression of Honjō Domain, the town continued to prosper as Honjō-juku, a post station on the Nakasendo highway. During the late Edo period and early Meiji period, the area was noted for sericulture. The modern town of Honjō was created within Kodama District, Saitama with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889. Honjō was elevated to city status on July 1, 1954 by merging with neighboring Fujita, Nitte, Asahi and Kitaizumi villages.
On January 10, 2006, the town of Kodama was merged into Honjō.
The economy of Honjō is based on light and precision manufacturing and agriculture, and the city is also a regional commercial center.
- Waseda University has a campus at Honjō (Waseda University Honjo Senior High School)
- Honjō has 13 elementary schools, four middle schools, two combined middle/high schools and four high schools.
- International schools: Escola Intercultural Unificada Arco Íris - Brazilian school Previously the city hosted another Brazilian school, Centro de Aprendizagem Logos.
- JR East - Joetsu Shinkansen
- JR East - Takasaki Line
- JR East - Hachikō Line
- Kan-Etsu Expressway – Honjō-Kodama IC
- Japan National Route 17
- Japan National Route 254
- Japan National Route 462
Sister city relations
- Honjō Circuit, a small motorsports circuit
- Sagiyama kofun
- Maze Dam
- Honjo City Museum of History and Folklore
- Takekoshi Yosaburō, historian and politician
- Yukiko Kada, politician
- Jaki Numazawa, professional wrestler
Media related to Honjo, Saitama at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Website (in Japanese)