Hudson–Athens Lighthouse

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Hudson–Athens Lighthouse
Hudsoncity.JPG
Hudson–Athens Lighthouse is located in New York
Hudson–Athens Lighthouse
LocationHudson River, between Athens and Hudson
Coordinates42°15′7″N 73°48′31″W / 42.25194°N 73.80861°W / 42.25194; -73.80861Coordinates: 42°15′7″N 73°48′31″W / 42.25194°N 73.80861°W / 42.25194; -73.80861
Year first constructed1874
Year first lit1874
Automated1949
FoundationGranite caisson
ConstructionDressed Stone and red brick
Tower shapeSquare, red brick, granite trim
Tower height46 feet (14 m)
Focal height15 metre Edit this on Wikidata
Original lensfifth order Fresnel, 1926; currently at Mystic Seaport Museum
Current lenscurrently 12-inch (300 mm) light
Range4 nautical miles (7.4 km; 4.6 mi)
CharacteristicGreen light occulting every 2.5 sec
Fog signalFog bell mechanism at 15 sec intervals
Admiralty numberJ1140.75
ARLHS numberUSA-391[1]
USCG number1-38560[2]
Heritageplace listed on the National Register of Historic Places Edit this on Wikidata
Hudson–Athens Lighthouse
Hudson-Athens 2006.jpg
Hudson–Athens Lighthouse, September 2006
ArchitectUnknown
MPSHudson River Lighthouses TR
NRHP reference #79003796
Added to NRHPMay 29, 1979[3]

The Hudson–Athens Lighthouse, sometimes called the Hudson City light, is a lighthouse located in the Hudson River in the state of New York in the United States. The light is located between Hudson and Athens, closer to the Hudson side. Constructed in 1874, it marks a sandy ridge known as Middle Ground Flats and also acts as a general aid to navigation of the river. The station is built on a granite caisson with a unique shape designed to protect it from ice floes and river debris. The dwelling is constructed in the Second Empire architectural style,[4] with a mansard roof. It is considered to be virtually a twin of the Stepping Stones Light in Long Island Sound, which was constructed just a few years later.

History[edit]

The station's beacon was originally lighted by Henry D. Best, the station's first lightkeeper, on November 14, 1874.[5] It was upgraded to a fifth-order Fresnel lens in 1926, and the station was fully automated on November 10, 1949.[6] In 1967, the Hudson River Valley Commission, led by Nelson A. Rockefeller, suggested that certain lighthouses owned by the United States Coast Guard be turned over to not-for-profit historical groups to ensure their preservation and upkeep. Hudson–Athens was the first station to be tried through such a program, and on February 15, 1984, a 20-year lease was signed between the Coast Guard and the Hudson–Athens Lighthouse Preservation Society (HALPS).[6] In 2000, title to the station was turned over permanently to HALPS.[5] Today, the Preservation Society conducts occasional tours of the station, which is being restored to its condition as it would have been in the 1930s.

The Lighthouse was documented by the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) as survey number NY-6286. There are 9 architectural drawings available in the survey.[7]

The Hudson–Athens Lighthouse is shown on the NOAA Chart 12347.[8]

Chronology[edit]

Chronology from USCG web site

  • 1872: Congress of U.S. approves $35,000.00 to build the lighthouse.
  • 1873–1874: Lighthouse was constructed.
  • 1874, November 14: Lighthouse was put into operation with Henry D. Best as the first keeper.
  • 1949, November 10: The lighthouse was automated.
  • 1940s: Electricity was installed.
  • 1967: Nelson A. Rockefeller established the Hudson River Valley Commission, which suggested the USCG deed over or lease lighthouse facilities to public or not-for-profit groups for maintenance and preservation.
  • 1982: Hudson–Athens Lighthouse Preservation Society was formed.
  • February 15, 1984: A 20-year lease between the Lighthouse Preservation Society and the USCG was signed. This was the first lease of its kind.
  • 2002: Occasional tours are available to the public through the Lighthouse Preservation Society

Cultural[edit]

The Archives Center at the Smithsonian National Museum of American History has a collection (#1055) of souvenir postcards of lighthouses and has digitized 272 of these and made them available online. These include postcards of Hudson–Athens Light[9] with links to customized nautical charts provided by National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.

The Hudson-Athens Lighthouse is featured in the book Curious Constructions – A Peculiar Portfolio Of Fifty Fascinating Structures by Michael Hearst.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ARLHS World List of Lights". Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2009.
  2. ^ Light List, Volume I, Atlantic Coast, St. Croix River, Maine to Shrewsbury River, New Jersey (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard.
  3. ^ National Park Service (January 23, 2007). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  4. ^ Sheila Buff (2008). Insiders' Guide to the Hudson River Valley. Globe Pequot. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-7627-4438-1.
  5. ^ a b "Hudson (Hudson–Athens) Lighthouse, New York at Lighthousefriends.com". Archived from the original on October 22, 2006. Retrieved October 5, 2006.
  6. ^ a b "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: New York". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office.
  7. ^ "Hudson-Athens Lighthouse (drawings)". Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Archived from the original on March 10, 2014. Retrieved March 9, 2014.
  8. ^ "NOAA Chart 12347". Archived from the original on January 6, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2009.
  9. ^ Smithsonian lighthouse postcards Archived March 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Hearst, M.; Johnstone, M. (2017). Curious Constructions: A Peculiar Portfolio of Fifty Fascinating Structures. Chronicle Books LLC. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-4521-6249-2. Retrieved May 17, 2019. ... The Hudson-Athens Lighthouse has a twin—the Stepping Stones Lighthouse in Long Island Sound.

External links[edit]