Hugh Nelson (congressman)

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Hugh Nelson
Portrait miniature of Hugh Nelson.jpeg
United States Minister to Spain
In office
December 4, 1823 – July 23, 1824
Appointed by James Monroe
Preceded by John Forsyth
Succeeded by Alexander Hill Everett
Chair of the House Judiciary Committee
In office
March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1819
Preceded by Charles J. Ingersoll
Succeeded by John Sergeant
In office
1822 – March 3, 1822
Preceded by John Sergeant
Succeeded by Daniel Webster
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia
Preceded by David S. Garland
Succeeded by Alexander Smyth
Constituency 21st district (1811-1813)
22nd district (1813-1823)
13th Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates
In office
Preceded by Peter Johnston Jr.
Succeeded by James Barbour
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the Albermarle district
In office
1805 – 1809
Alongside Joel Yancey, Walter Leake, Peter Carr, Rice Garland
Preceded by William Waller Hening
Succeeded by Tucker Coles
William D Meriwether
In office
1828 – 1829
Alongside John P Drummond, William F. Gordon
Preceded by Albert Allmand
Charles Cocke
Succeeded by Thomas Walker Gilmer
Rice W Wood
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the Elizabeth City, Warwick and York district
In office
Preceded by William Lee
Succeeded by Richard Cary Jr
Personal details
Born Hugh Nelson
(1768-09-30)September 30, 1768
Yorktown, Virginia
Died March 18, 1836(1836-03-18) (aged 67)
Albemarle County, Virginia
Resting place Cismont, Virginia
Political party Democratic-Republican
Parents Thomas Nelson Jr. (father)
Lucy Grymes (mother)
Education College of William & Mary

Hugh Nelson (September 30, 1768 – March 18, 1836) was an American politician and U.S. Representative from Virginia. He was the son of Thomas Nelson Jr.


Born in Yorktown, Virginia, Nelson graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1780. He served in the Senate of Virginia 1786-1791, and in the Virginia House of Delegates 1805-1809 and 1828-1829. He was Speaker of the latter house 1807-1809. Nelson also served as judge of the general court.

Nelson was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Twelfth and to the five succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1811, until his resignation on January 14, 1823, having received an appointment in the diplomatic service. He served as chairman of the Committee on the Judiciary (Fourteenth, Fifteenth, and Seventeenth Congresses). Nelson was appointed by President James Monroe as United States Minister to Spain on January 15, 1823, and served until November 23, 1824.

Nelson died at his home, "Belvoir," Albemarle County, Virginia, March 18, 1836. He was interred in Belvoir Cemetery, Cismont, Virginia.


U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
David S. Garland
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 21st congressional district

March 4, 1811 - March 3, 1813
Succeeded by
Thomas Newton, Jr.
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
John Forsyth
United States Minister to Spain
Succeeded by
Alexander Hill Everett

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website