Ibn Amira

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Ibn Amira
Died18 December 1258 or 26 November 1260

Ibn Amira (Arabic: ابن عميرة‎; 1186 - 18 December 1258 or 26 November 1260) or Abu al-Mutarrif Ahmad ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Husayn Ibn Amira al-Makhzumi (Arabic: أبو المطرف أحمد بن عبد الله بن محمد بن الحسين ابن عميرة المخزومي‎) was a historian, poet, and scholar of law from al-Andalus during the reign of the Almohad Caliphate.[1] Ibn Amira was Qadi of Mallorca and worked for the Almohad sultan in Valencia and Seville. He moved to Morocco in 1239/40 (after the fall of Valencia in 1238) and continued to work for the sultan there.


Ibn Amira was born at Alzira in the province of Valencia. He was born into a well-known Berber family established in al-Andalus, in Shatiba (Xàtiva, Valencia), by the eleventh century. He started his studies in Alzira and focused on hadith, fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), and literature. He was taught by some of the most famous scholars of his day, such as the traditionist Abu l-Rabi Ibn Salim and the grammarian al-Shalawbin.[2]


The theme of paradise lost (al-firdaws al-mafqud) was expressed by the Valencian exile in his 'Letter to a Friend'. This friend was the poet Ibn al-Abbar. "An ocean of sadness rages inside us, Our hearts, desperate, burn with eternal flames. The city was so beautiful with its gardens and rivers, The nights were imbued with the sweet fragrance of narcissus."[3]

Ibn Amira was also the author of a manuscript about the history of Mallorca, Tarij Mayurqa. The manuscript (written between 1203 and 1232) was translated into Spanish by the historian Guillem Rosselló Bordoy.


  1. ^ Margarita Lachica, Poetas Arabes del Pais Valenciano, p. 32 (in Spanish) [1] (retrieved September 5, 2008)
  2. ^ Garulo, Teresa (2017). "Ibn ʿAmīra al-Makhzūmī". In Fleet, Kate; Krämer, Gudrun; Matringe, Denis; Nawas, John; Rowson, Everett (eds.). Encyclopaedia of Islam (3rd ed.). Brill Publishers. p. 104. ISBN 9789004335721.
  3. ^ Manuel Sánchez: Plany andalusí per la pèrdua de València. "L’Avenç" (1979).