Supreme Court of Illinois

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Illinois Supreme Court
Seal of the Supreme Court of Illinois.svg
Seal of the Supreme Court of Illinois
Established1818 (1818)[1]
LocationSpringfield, Illinois
Coordinates39°47′53″N 89°39′10″W / 39.797928°N 89.652724°W / 39.797928; -89.652724Coordinates: 39°47′53″N 89°39′10″W / 39.797928°N 89.652724°W / 39.797928; -89.652724
MottoLatin: Audi Alteram Partem
Hear the other side
Composition methodPartisan election
Authorized byIllinois Constitution
Appeals toSupreme Court of the United States
Judge term length10 years
Number of positions7
WebsiteOfficial website
Chief Justice
CurrentlyAnne M. Burke
SinceOctober 25, 2019 (2019-10-25)

The Supreme Court of Illinois is the state supreme court, the highest court of the State of Illinois. The court's authority is granted in Article VI of the current Illinois Constitution, which provides for seven justices elected from the five appellate judicial districts of the state: three justices from the First District (Cook County) and one from each of the other four districts. Each justice is elected for a term of ten years[2] and the chief justice is elected by the court from its members for a three-year term.

Jurisdiction[edit]

The court has limited original jurisdiction and has final appellate jurisdiction. It has jurisdiction in cases where the constitutionality of laws has been called into question, and discretionary jurisdiction from the Illinois Appellate Court. Until 2011, when Illinois abolished the death penalty, it had mandatory jurisdiction in capital cases. Along with the state legislature, the court promulgates rules for all state courts. Also, its members have the authority to elevate trial judges to the appellate court on a temporary basis.[3] The court administers professional discipline through the Attorney Registration and Disciplinary Committee and it governs initial licensing through the Illinois Board of Admissions to the Bar.

The official reporter of the Illinois Supreme Court is Illinois Reports.

Districts[edit]

Map of the five districts of the Supreme Court of Illinois

The Illinois Supreme Court is separated into 5 districts, with one Justice elected from each except the 1st, which elects three Justices. They are separated by county lines, as follows. As of 2018 Census estimates, the populations are: 1st District: 5,194,000; 2nd District: 3,189,000; 3rd District: 1,805,000; 4th District 1,320,000; 5th District: 1,321,000.

1st District[edit]

2nd District[edit]

3rd District[edit]

4th District[edit]

5th District[edit]

Justices[edit]

Illinois Supreme Court, Springfield, Illinois

While the justices of many states' supreme courts are expected to relocate to the state capital for the duration of their terms of office, the justices of the Illinois Supreme Court continue to reside in their home constituencies and have chambers in their respective appellate districts (for example, the three First District justices are chambered in the Michael Bilandic Building in Chicago). The justices travel to Springfield to hear oral arguments and deliberate. Accordingly, the Illinois Supreme Courthouse includes temporary apartments for the justices' use while in Springfield.

Current Justices[edit]

District Justice Born Party Joined Term ends Law school
1st Anne M. Burke (Chief Justice) (1944-02-03) February 3, 1944 (age 76) Democratic 2006 2028 Chicago-Kent
Mary Jane Theis (1949-02-27) February 27, 1949 (age 71) Democratic 2010 2022 San Francisco
P. Scott Neville Jr. 1948/1949 (age 71–72) Democratic 2018 2020 WashU
2nd Michael J. Burke (1958-10-28) October 28, 1958 (age 62) Republican 2020 2022 John Marshall
3rd Robert L. Carter Democratic 2020 2022 Illinois
4th Rita B. Garman (1943-11-14) November 14, 1943 (age 77) Republican 2001 2022 Iowa
5th David K. Overstreet (1966-01-14) January 14, 1966 (age 55) Republican 2020 2030 Tennessee

Previous Justices[edit]

2000–present[edit]

1900–1999[edit]

1818–1899[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Judicial System". www.illinoiscourts.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-22.
  2. ^ "Courts in Illinois". Illinois Supreme Court.
  3. ^ Appellate Court Act (705 ILCS 25/1(d)). Retrieved 2010-04-07.

Bibliography[edit]

  • List of Supreme Court Justices from Supreme Court's website
  • Scammon, J. Young (1841). Illinois Reports v. 1 (2 ed.). Chicago: Gale & Burley.
  • Gilman, Charles; Russell H. Curtis (1886). Illinois Reports v. 10. Chicago: Callaghan & Co.
  • Peck, E. (1856). Illinois Reports v. 16. Chicago: D. B. Cooke & Co.
  • Peck, E. (1869). Illinois Reports v. 16 (2 ed.). St. Louis: W. J. Gilbert.
  • Peck, E. (1858). Illinois Reports v. 19. Chicago: D. B. Cooke & Co.
  • Ewell, Marshall D. Illinois Reports v. 33.
  • Freeman, Norman L. (1866). Illinois Reports v. 44. Callaghan & Co.

External links[edit]