Indium(III) fluoride

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Indium(III) fluoride
Aluminium-trifluoride-3D-polyhedra.png
FeF3structure.jpg
Names
IUPAC name
Indium(III) fluoride
Other names
Indium trifluoride
Identifiers
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.095
EC Number 232-005-0
Properties
InF3
Molar mass 171.82 g/mol
Appearance white solid
Density 4.39 g/cm3
Melting point 1,172 °C (2,142 °F; 1,445 K)[1]
Structure
Rhombohedral, hR24
R-3c, No. 167
Hazards
Irritant (Xi)
R-phrases (outdated) R31, R36/37/38
S-phrases (outdated) S26, S36[2]
Flash point non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Indium(III) chloride
Indium(III) bromide
Indium(III) iodide
Other cations
Aluminum fluoride
Gallium(III) fluoride
Thallium(I) fluoride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Indium(III) fluoride or indium trifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula InF3. It is a white solid.

It has a rhombohedral crystal structure very similar to that of rhodium(III) fluoride. Each In center is octahedral. It is formed by the reaction of indium(III) oxide with hydrogen fluoride or hydrofluoric acid.[3]

Indium(III) fluoride is used in the synthesis of non-oxide glasses. It catalyzes the addition of trimethylsilyl cyanide (TMSCN) to aldehydes to form cyanohydrins.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lide, David R. (1998), Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87 ed.), Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, p. 112, ISBN 0-8493-0594-2, retrieved 2008-06-19
  2. ^ a b "435848 Indium(III) fluoride 99.9+ % trace metals basis". Sigma-Aldrich. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  3. ^ Christoph Hebecker, R. Hoppe (1966). "Zur Kristallstrukur von Indiumtrifluorid und Thalliumtrifluorid (Crystal structure of In and Tl trifluorides)". Naturwissenschaften. 53: 104.