Industry of Croatia
|Industry of Croatia|
|Čakovec-East Industrial Zone, Međimurje County, northern Croatia, with factories and facilities for processing poultry, production of textile garments, for processing cereals, aluminium casts, etc.|
|Main industries||Machinery and equipment, shipbuilding, petrochemicals, electricity, electronics, wood industry and furniture, pharmaceuticals, food and beverages, cement and construction, chemical and plastics industry, textiles, footwear and leather production|
|Industrial growth rate||2.7% (2015)|
|Labour force||18.5% of total employment (2015)|
|GDP of sector||21.2% of total GDP (2015)|
Industry of Croatia plays an important role in the country's economy. It has a longstanding tradition based since the 19th century on agriculture, forestry and mining. Many industrial branches developed at that time, like wood industry, food manufacturing, potash production, shipbuilding, leather and footwear production, textile industry, and others. Today, the industrial sectors in Croatia are food and beverage industry (approx. 24% of total manufacturing industry revenue), metal processing and machine industry, including vehicles (20%), coke and refined petroleum production (17%), chemical, pharmaceutical, rubber and plastics industry (11%), wood, furniture and paper manufacturing (9%), electrical equipment, electronics and optics fabrication (9%), textile, clothing and footwear industry (5%) as well as construction and building materials production (5%).
In the structure of Croatian Gross domestic product (GDP) in 2015, industry's share was 21.2%. Industry's export reached around 10 billion euros in 2015, representing 94.5% of total export. In the same year the industrial production growth rate was 2.7%.
Industrial production in Croatia has a most important place in total production. It includes machinery, tools, various fabricated metal products, ships and boats, mineral oils and distillates, timber products, furniture and bed equipment, military hardware, clothing and footwear with accessories, cement, bricks and other building materials, etc. There is also a notable production in energy sector, mining and water supply.
During the process of transition (in the 1990s and later) many companies were closed down, or were damaged during the Croatian War of Independence. It happened mostly to firms of timber, metal and textile branches. Some industries, however, recovered and achieved later remarkable results. Significant production level has been reached in the construction and energy-related activities as well. A great number of companies has been very active in foreign trade.
Following the global financial crisis of 2007–2008, Croatian industry suffered the consequences seen in the decline of production output, revenue growth at a slower pace and unemployment rate increasing. The share of industry in the whole economy sank from year to year; in 2010, for instance, industry accounted for 28.1% of activity. Negative trends were changed not earlier than in 2014, as the industrial production achieved a small rate of growth of 1.3% in comparison with the year before.
The annual growth rate of industry production in 2015 rose by 2.7%, and it is expected to be even higher in 2016. The fastest growth of production in 2015 was recorded by paper production sector (40.8% in comparison with 2008), leather products (35.8%) and rubber and plastics (29.2%). At the same time, some industrial branches generated decline of production.
The share of labour force in industry in 2015 was 18.5% of overall employment in Croatia, showing at the same time trends with negative lines.
The biggest industrial centres in the Republic of Croatia are Zagreb, Rijeka, Split, Osijek and Varaždin. The share of industrial production output of Croatian counties ranges from over 20% in the City of Zagreb (followed by approx. 12% in Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, 7% in Zagreb County and 6% in Varaždin County) to only 0.3% in Lika-Senj County.
Croatian industry's share of 21.2% of the country's 2015 GDP makes it the second largest sector of the economy after services. Its expected growth is based on larger consumption and foreign investments. Some of the significant investment projects into the energy and environmental protection sector have already been finalized lately.
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- "Associated Capsules turns sick unit to profit making entity in Coatia". Pharmabiz.com. 10 May 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2018.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Industry in Croatia.|
- Industry – important branch of Croatian economy
- Croatia industries
- Industrial sectors attractive for investors
- Industrial policy in Croatia
- Results of a 2015 Faculty of Economy in Zagreb research on production in Croatia[permanent dead link] (Croatian)
- Industry production in Croatia
- Official export figures
- GDP Statistical industrial production in 2015