Iowa Army National Guard
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|Headquarters, State Area Command|
Iowa National Guard
|Type||ARNG Headquarters Command|
|Part of||Iowa National Guard|
The Iowa National Guard is a reserve component of the United States Military, with dual Federal and State missions. It is empowered to function under control of the Governor, as a State asset in times of emergency or natural disaster, or if needed to carry out limited actions during non-emergency situations to include full scale Enforcement of martial law, when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control. The National Guard may also be called into federal service in response to a call by the President or Congress.
The Iowa National Guard is a component of the United States National Guard. The Iowa National Guard maintains 56 armories in 53 communities. National coordination of various state National Guard units is handled by the National Guard Bureau.
Iowa National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States National Guard. The same enlisted ranks, officer ranks and insignia are used. National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Iowa National Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Iowa.
Major Subordinate Commands
- Joint Forces Headquarters
- 734th Regional Support Command
- 67th Troop Command
- 671st Troop Command
- 2nd Brigade, 34th Infantry Division
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National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve. Unlike Army Reserve members, National Guard members cannot be mobilized individually (except through voluntary transfers and Temporary Duty Assignments TDY), but only as part of their respective units. However, there has been a significant number of individual activations to support military operations. The legality of this policy is a major issue within the National Guard.
Active Duty Callups
For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).
The 133d Infantry Regiment, formerly the 2d Iowa Volunteer Infantry, served as part of the 67th Infantry Brigade, 34th Division, during World War I. The 67th Infantry Brigade was disbanded in February 1919, but formed again in 1921, still as part of the 34th Division. From 1921 to 1942, it was part of the Guard in Iowa, comprising the 168th Infantry Regiment. Approximately 50 Iowa ARNG soldiers deployed to Iraq with the 36th Combat Aviation Brigadein September 2006.
Units of the Iowa Army National Guard formed since 1917 include:
- 113th Armor Regiment
- 133d Infantry Regiment - former 2d Iowa Volunteer Infantry, created and assigned to the 34th Division on 1 October 1917.
- 168th Infantry Regiment
- 185th Field Artillery Regiment
- 194th Field Artillery Regiment
- 185th Support Battalion
- 334th Support Battalion
- 1034th Support Battalion
- 224th Engineer Battalion
- 734th Maintenance Battalion
- 109th Aviation Regiment
- McGrath, The Brigade, 169.
- Iowa Army National Guard, accessed 23 Jun 2016
- GlobalSecurity.org Iowa Army National Guard, accessed 28 Nov 2006
- Unit Designations in the Army Modular Force, accessed 23 Nov 2006*Bibliography of Iowa Army National Guard History compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Camp Cody - Iowa National Guard World War I