Iranian Turkmen

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Iranian Turkmen
A Iranian Turkmen girl from Bandar-Torkman City.jpg
Total population
790,000 - 1,600,000 (1-2%)[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
Golestan Province, Razavi Khorasan Province and North Khorasan Province
Turkmen, Persian
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Other Turkic peoples and Khorasani Turks

Iranian Turkmen (Turkmen: Eýran Türkmenleri; Persian: ترکمن‌های ایران‎) are a branch of Turkmen people living mainly in northern and northeastern regions of Iran. Their region is called Turkmen Sahra and includes substantial parts of Golestan.


Iranian Turkmens have long time represented a group of semi-nomadic tribes who retained a more traditional way. In Iran lived next Turkmen tribes — Yomut, Goklen, Īgdīr, Saryk, Salar and Teke.

Turkmen tribes in Iran[edit]

Nearly two million Turkmen can be found living along the northern edges of Iran, just south of the Turkmenistan border. For centuries the Turkmen lived as nomadic herdsmen. In more recent years, however, many have changed to a "semi-nomadic lifestyle," living in permanent homes as well as in tents. Today most of them are farmers and cattle breeders. Turkmen still live in extended families where various generations can be found under the same roof, especially in rural areas. Many tribal customs still survive among modern Turkmen. Unique to Turkmen culture is kalim, which is a groom's "dowry" that can be quite expensive and often results in the widely practiced tradition of bridal kidnapping.[citation needed]

Famous Iranian Turkmen[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ethnologue". Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  2. ^ CIA World Factbook Iran Archived 2012-02-03 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]