Islam in Haiti

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Islam in Haiti consists of a small minority of Muslims forming less than 1% of the total population, composed of locals and foreign immigrants. A number of mosques and Islamic organizations are present in the country. There are both Sunni and Ahmadi Muslims.

Islam was introduced from Africa during the slave trade period (starting 16th century), but orthodox religious beliefs declined in Haiti in the years that followed. It was then reintroduced by Moroccan immigrants and has been present from then[when?] until the present. Muslims can practice their religion freely and Islamic studies are available.


Islamic organizations in Haiti include the Bilal Mosque[citation needed] and Islamic Center in Cap-Haïtien,[citation needed] which offers programs in Islamic studies[how?] and daily prayers. Other notable organizations include Masjid Shaheed Haiti Miragoâne Mosque[citation needed] in Miragoâne and the Centre Spirituel Allah ou Akbar[citation needed] in Port-au-Prince. Masjid Tawhid Haiti laid[when?] and is near completion,[when?] named Mosque-ul-Munawwar, dedicated on his father's name[who?] by a Pakistan Army officer serving in MINUSTAH.[citation needed] After the 2010 earthquake a number of Islamic organisations and relief groups visited the country[when?] with the purpose of rendering aid.[according to whom?] Mufti Shaheed Mohammed has established[when?] a Darul Uloom in the Miragoâne area which caters[how?] for Muslims of the entire country.[citation needed]


The history of Islam on the island of Hispaniola (which Haiti shares with the Dominican Republic) began with slavery in Haïti.[citation needed] Although many[quantify] were forced to abandon Islam over time,[when?] their Islamic heritage has persisted[how?] in the culture of native Haitians. Additionally, a revisionist history of Dutty Boukman, whose death is largely considered the start of the Haitian Revolution, suggests that he was Muslim.[according to whom?] In the early portion of the 20th century, a wave of Christian Arab immigrants came to the Americas, in which a surprisingly noticeable amount settled in Haiti (and other countries as well).[citation needed]

It is said[according to whom?] that the first to arrive in Haiti around 1920 was a man hailing from the Moroccan village of Fes along with 19 other families. Today, the majority of the country's Muslims are indigenous Haitians, followed by the ethnic Moroccans.[citation needed]

As a result of limited financial resources, they were unable to build a mosque or school until 1985, when a residence was converted into a mosque and a minaret was constructed.[citation needed]

In 2000, Nawoon Marcellus, a member of Fanmi Lavalas from San Raphael, became the first Muslim elected to the Chamber of Deputies of Haïti.[citation needed]

Majority of the Muslims in Haiti are Sunni Muslims, with a minority of Ahmadi Muslims.[citation needed]

See also[edit]