Jack Rose (cocktail)
|Primary alcohol by volume|
|Served||Straight up; without ice|
|Standard garnish||cherry, apple slice|
|Standard drinkware||Cocktail glass|
|Commonly used ingredients|
|Preparation||Traditionally shaken into a chilled glass, garnished, and served straight up.|
A Jack Rose is a cocktail containing applejack, grenadine, and lemon or lime juice. It was popular in the 1920s and 1930s, notably appearing in Ernest Hemingway's 1926 classic, The Sun Also Rises, in which Jake Barnes, the narrator, drinks a Jack Rose in the Crillon Paris hotel bar while awaiting the arrival of Lady Brett Ashley. It was also a favorite drink of author John Steinbeck.
References to the Jack Rose date back to the early 20th century. A 1905 article in the National Police Gazette mentions the drink and credits a New Jersey bartender named Frank J. May as its creator. A 1913 news article mentions that sales of the drink had suffered due to the involvement of Bald Jack Rose in the Rosenthal murder case.
There are various theories as to the origin of the drink's name. One has the drink being named after (or even invented by) the infamous gambler Bald Jack Rose. However, this is disproven by the fact that the drink predates Bald Jack Rose's career. Albert Stevens Crockett states that it is named after the pink "Jacquemot" (also known as Jacqueminot or Jacque) rose. It has been suggested that the Jack Rose was invented by Joseph P. Rose, a Newark, New Jersey restaurateur who once held the title of "World's Champion Mixologist." Harvey's Famous Restaurant in Washington, D.C. also claimed to be the originator of the cocktail. The most likely explanation of the name is that it is a simple portmanteau — it is made with applejack and is rose colored from the grenadine.
The cocktail has fallen out of fashion. In June 2003, the Washington Post published an article that chronicled two writers' quest to find a Jack Rose in a Washington, D.C. bar. After visiting numerous bars, they were unsuccessful in finding one where the bartender knew the drink and the bar stocked applejack. Ultimately they bought a bottle of applejack for one of the few bartenders they encountered who knew how to make one.
With the craft cocktail movement on the rise, the Jack Rose has regained some popularity. Laird & Company, producers of the most widely available brands of applejack in the United States, have said sales are up in part due to renewed interest in the cocktail.
|The Wikibook Bartending has a page on the topic of: Jack Rose|
- Bailey, Mark (2012). Hemingway & Bailey's Bartending Guide to Great American Writers. Algonquin Books. p. 74-75. ISBN 9781616202156.
- "An Athletic Mixologist; Wise Bartenders will Get Good Tips in This Column". National Police Gazette. 22 April 1905.
- "Couldn't Sell 'Jack Roses'". Arizona Republican. 5 Jan 1913. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- David Wondrich (2004). Esquire Drinks. Hearst Books. p. 192. ISBN 1-58816-205-2.
- ibecadmin (2019-12-10). "Straight Up: The History of the Jack Rose". Maine Spirits. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
- Crockett, Albert Stevens (1931). Old Waldorf Bar Days. p. 143.
- "Mixology 101: Jack Rose". Nerd Meets Food. Retrieved 2020-08-08.
- Zaineddin, Mark; Gagosian, John (18 Jun 2003). "Searching for Jack; Two Guys, One Drink, 60 Bars". Washington Post.
- Edelstein, Jeff (17 Feb 2015). "New Jersey Applejack should be America's spirit. Sorry, bourbon". The Trentonian.