Jacob Harold Gallinger
Jacob H. Gallinger
|Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference|
March 4, 1913 – August 17, 1918
|Deputy||James Wolcott Wadsworth Jr. (1915)|
|Preceded by||Shelby Moore Cullom|
|Succeeded by||Henry Cabot Lodge|
|President pro tempore of the United States Senate|
February 12, 1912 – March 4, 1913
|Preceded by||Augustus O. Bacon|
|Succeeded by||James Paul Clarke|
|United States Senator from|
March 4, 1891 – August 17, 1918
|Preceded by||Henry W. Blair|
|Succeeded by||Irving W. Drew|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from New Hampshire's 2nd district
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1889
|Preceded by||Ossian Ray|
|Succeeded by||Orren C. Moore|
|Member of the New Hampshire Senate|
|Member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives|
|Born||March 28, 1837|
Cornwall, Ontario, British Canada
|Died||August 17, 1918 (aged 81)|
Franklin, New Hampshire, U.S.
Early life and career
He was home-schooled from an early age.
Gallinger moved to the U.S. at an early age and first worked as a printer.
Gallinger studied medicine at the Cincinnati Eclectic Medical Institute and graduated at the head of his class in May 1858. He studied abroad for three years, writing and working as a printer to cover his expenses. In 1861, he returned to the United States and engaged in the practice of homeopathic medicine and surgery in Keene, New Hampshire before moving to Concord, New Hampshire in April 1862. He practiced medicine actively until 1885.
He was an active member of the American Institute of Homeopathy from 1868–80, and throughout his political career, he was a forthright advocate of the homeopathic school of thought and practice. Besides the AIH, he was a member of many state and national medical societies and a frequent contributor to the journals of his profession. He was on the board of trustees of Columbia Hospital for Women, and a member of the board of visitors to Providence Hospital.
Early political career
Gallinger was elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1872 and re-elected in 1873. He served as a member of the state constitutional convention in 1876. He was then elected to the New Hampshire Senate and served from 1878 to 1880. In 1879, he was elected Senate President.
He became surgeon general of New Hampshire under Governor Natt Head, with the rank of brigadier general, from 1879 to 1880. In 1882, he was elected chairman of the New Hampshire Republican Party and remained in that role until his resignation in 1890.
United States House of Representatives
In 1884, Gallinger was elected to the United States House of Representatives, serving from March 4, 1885, to March 3, 1889, but declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1888.
United States Senate
In 1890, Gallinger was elected to the New Hampshire House again, but served only a short time before the legislature elected him to the United States Senate in 1891. He was reelected by the legislature without Republican opposition in 1897, 1903 and 1909, and by popular vote in 1914. He served from March 4, 1891, until his death in Franklin, New Hampshire in 1918.
In 1898, Gallinger returned to the role of chairman of the New Hampshire Republican Party and was re-elected in 1900 and 1902. In 1901, he was also elected to represent New Hampshire on the Republican National Committee.
As Senator he was considered a master of parliamentary law and was frequently called upon to preside over the Senate. He was also an active public speaker in and out of the Senate.
He was President pro tempore during the Sixty-second Congress and was also Republican Conference chairman. He also chaired the Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard, Committee on Pensions, Committee on the District of Columbia, and the Merchant Marine Commission. He was named a member of the National Forest Reservation Commission, established by the Weeks Act, which Gallinger sponsored in the Senate.
Personal life and death
Gallinger received the honorary degree of A.M. from Dartmouth College in 1885 and served as trustee of George Washington University for several years. He was interred at Blossom Hill Cemetery, Concord.
- List of United States Congress members who died in office (1900–49)
- List of United States Senators born outside the United States
- Willey, George Franklyn (1903). State Builders; An Illustrated Historical and Biographical Record of the State of New Hampshire at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century. Manchester NH: New Hampshire Pub. Corp. p. 205. OCLC 7566342.
- See: Report of the Merchant Marine Commission, together with the testimony taken at the Hearings, 1905, Vol. III. Hearings on the Southern Coast and at Washington, D.C. and General Index
- Protection and Restoration
- American National Biography
- Dictionary of American Biography
- Schlup, Leonard. "Consistent Conservative: Jacob Harold Gallinger and the Presidential Campaign of 1912 in New Hampshire." International Review of History and Political Science 21 (August 1984): 49-57.
- U.S. Congress. Memorial Services for Jacob Harold Gallinger. 65th Cong., 3rd sess., 1918-1919. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1919.
- United States Congress. "Jacob Harold Gallinger (id: G000023)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 7. New York: D. Appleton.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). Encyclopedia Americana. .
- This article incorporates facts obtained from: Lawrence Kestenbaum, The Political Graveyard
- Jacob H. Gallinger, late a representative from New Hampshire, Memorial addresses delivered in the House of Representatives and Senate frontispiece 1919
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|Party political offices|
|First|| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from New Hampshire
George H. Moses
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| U.S. Congressman from New Hampshire
Orren C. Moore
Henry W. Blair
| United States Senator from New Hampshire
Irving W. Drew
William P. Frye
| President pro tempore of the United States Senate
Rotating pro tems
James P. Clarke
David H. Buffum
| President of the New Hampshire Senate
Shelby Moore Cullom
| Dean of the United States Senate
March 4, 1913 – August 17, 1918
Henry Cabot Lodge