Jacques Hébert (Canadian politician)

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The Hon.

Jacques Hébert
Senator from Quebec
In office
April 20, 1983 – June 21, 1998
Appointed byPierre Trudeau
Preceded byPaul Desruisseaux
Succeeded byAurélien Gill
Personal details
Born(1923-06-21)June 21, 1923
Montreal, Quebec
DiedDecember 6, 2007(2007-12-06) (aged 84)
Montreal, Quebec
Political partyLiberal
CommitteesChairman, Special Committee on Youth (1983–1986)
Chairman, Special Committee on Bill C-21 (1989–1991)
Chairman, Standing Committee of Selection (1994–1999)
PortfolioOpposition Whip in the Senate (1991–1993)
Government Whip in the Senate (1993–1998)

Jacques Hébert, OC (June 21, 1923 – December 6, 2007) was a Canadian author, journalist, publisher, Senator, and world traveller who visited more than 130 countries.

History[edit]

Born in Montreal, Quebec, Jacques Hébert began attending Saint Dunstan's University in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island at age 16. He served as a journalist for the newspaper Le Devoir from 1951 to 1953 and created the publishing companies Éditions de l’Homme in 1958 and Éditions du Jour in 1961.

He was a reporter during the Wilbert Coffin trial in 1954 and he later published two books on the subject: Coffin était innocent (1958) and J'accuse les assassins de Coffin (1963). The latter book caused such controversy that the provincial government established a Commission of Inquiry into the case.

Hébert was a close friend of Pierre Trudeau and traveled with him to the People's Republic of China in 1960 in the midst of the Great Leap Forward. The two met both Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai and recorded their observations in the book Deux innocents en Chine rouge (1961). The book was published in English as Two Innocents in Red China in 1968. A Chinese-language version was published in China in 2005 - Hébert attended the launch in Shanghai with Alexandre Trudeau.[1]

In 1971, Hébert founded Canada World Youth, an organization that expands "the role of youth in developing their communities and promoting world peace".

He was appointed to the Senate on April 20, 1983, representing the senatorial division of Wellington, Quebec, and retired at the mandatory age of 75 in 1998. From 1991 to 1993 he was the Opposition Whip in the Senate and from 1993 to 1998 he was the Government Whip in the Senate.

In 1986, he went on a hunger strike for 21 days to protest a decision by the Progressive Conservative government to end the Katimavik program for Canadian youth, which he created in 1977.[1]

In 1978, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. He was awarded two honorary doctorates: one from Ryerson University in 1997, and one from the University of Prince Edward Island in 2004. In 2007, shortly before his death, he was the recipient of the Distinguished Service Award of the Canadian Association of Former Parliamentarians,[2] "presented annually to a former parliamentarian who has made an outstanding contribution to the country and its democratic institutions."[3]

Selected bibliography[edit]

  • Coffin était innocent (1958)
  • Deux Innocents en Chine Rouge, Jacques Hébert and Pierre E. Trudeau, Les Editions de L'Homme 1961
  • Scandale à Bordeaux 1959
  • J'accuse les assassins de Coffin (1963)
  • Two Innocents in Red China (in collaboration with Pierre Elliott Trudeau) (English Translation, Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1968)
  • The World is Round (McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1976)
  • Have Them Build a Tower Together (McClelland & Stewart, Toronto, 1979)
  • 21 Days - One Man's Fight for Canada's Youth (Optimum Publishing, Montreal, 1986)
  • Travelling in Tropical Countries (Hurtig Publishers, Edmonton, 1986)
  • "Hello, World!" (English Translation, Robert Davis Publishing, 1996)
  • Duplessis, non merci! (Les Éditions du Boréal, Montreal, 2000)
  • Katima...What? (Cosmopolite Communication, Montreal, 2001)
  • En 13 points Garamond (Éditions Trois-Pistoles, Trois-Pistoles, 2002)
  • Good Morning Cuba! (SIAP Publishing, Montreal, 2003)
  • "红色中国的两位天真汉"(Chinese translation of "Two Innocents In Red China"), Shanghai People's Press, 2005

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ferguson, William Stenner. "Why I Hate Canadians", 1997.
  2. ^ Distinguished Service Award Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine, Canadian Association of Former Parliamentarians. Retrieved 2011-01-16.
  3. ^ Activities of The Association Archived 2011-07-06 at the Wayback Machine, Canadian Association of Former Parliamentarians. Retrieved 2011-01-16.

External links[edit]

  • "Founder : The Honourable Jacques Hébert". Canada World Youth. Archived from the original on July 8, 2009. Retrieved December 23, 2009.
  • CBC archives
  • Jacques Hébert – Parliament of Canada biography
  • "Two Innocents in Red China" CBC Radio interview.
  • CTV.ca - Former senator Jacques Hébert dead at 84