James Avon Clyde, Lord Clyde
The Lord Clyde
|Lord Justice General|
1 April 1920 – 1 April 1935
|Preceded by||The Lord Strathclyde|
|Succeeded by||The Lord Normand|
December 1916 – January 1920
|Preceded by||Robert Munro|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Morison|
|Solicitor General for Scotland|
October 1905 – December 1905
|Preceded by||Edward Theodore Salvesen|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Ure|
|Born||14 November 1863|
|Died||16 June 1944 (aged 80)|
James Avon Clyde, Lord Clyde, Scottish politician and judge.(14 November 1863 – 16 June 1944) was a
Clyde was called to the Scots Bar in 1889, and by the times he was appointed a King's Counsel (KC) in August 1901, he was the leading junior counsel in Scotland. As a KC, he was retained by several railway companies and frequently appeared before the Law Lords.
He was the unsuccessful Tory candidate for Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire in 1906. He was elected at a by-election in May 1909 as the Liberal Unionist Member of Parliament (MP) for Edinburgh West, and held the seat until 1918. He was Coalition Unionist member for Edinburgh North from 1918–1920.
He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in December 1916. He was also appointed to the Dardanelles Commission. He served as Lord Advocate from December 1916 to 1920 in Lloyd George's coalition government. He was appointed to the bench and served as Lord Justice General and Lord President of the Court of Session from 1920 to 1935, with the judicial title Lord Clyde. During this time Lord Clyde gave this famous quote (in taxation circles) in the case of Ayrshire Pullman Motor Services v Inland Revenue  14 Tax Case 754, at 763,764:
"No man in the country is under the smallest obligation, moral or other, so to arrange his legal relations to his business or property as to enable the Inland Revenue to put the largest possible shovel in his stores. The Inland Revenue is not slow, and quite rightly, to take every advantage which is open to it under the Taxing Statutes for the purposes of depleting the taxpayer's pocket. And the taxpayer is in like manner entitled to be astute to prevent, so far as he honestly can, the depletion of his means by the Inland Revenue"
He was a Deputy Lieutenant of Kinross-shire, and later became Lord Lieutenant of Kinross-shire from 1937 until his death. He was Chairman of the Trustees of the National Library of Scotland from 1936 to 1944.
Clyde died in Edinburgh on 16 June 1944.
- Hesilridge, Arthur G. M. (ed.). Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench. London: Dean & Son. p. 354. Retrieved 11 January 2011 – via archive.org.
- "Obituary". The Times (Issue 49885). London. 17 June 1944. p. 6. Retrieved 11 January 2011 – via The Times Digital Archive.
- "No. 27346". The London Gazette. 16 August 1901. p. 5410.
- "No. 11770". The Edinburgh Gazette. 20 October 1905. p. 1001.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1885–1918 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 534. ISBN 0-900178-27-2.
- Craig, British parliamentary election results 1885–1918, page 500
- "No. 29875". The London Gazette. 22 December 1916. p. 12471.
- "No. 13026". The Edinburgh Gazette. 15 December 1916. p. 2348.
- "No. 13588". The Edinburgh Gazette. 20 April 1920. p. 1119.
- Martin Hagen, Tax Evasion or Legitimate... Accountancy Magazine November 2009
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by James Clyde
Edward Theodore Salvesen
| Solicitor General for Scotland
| Lord Advocate
Thomas Brash Morison
| Lord Justice General
Sir Henry Purvis-Russell-Montgomery
| Lord Lieutenant of Kinross-shire
Henry Keith Purvis-Russell-Montgomery
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Edinburgh West
John Gordon Jameson
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Edinburgh North