James Colebrooke

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Gatton House in Gatton Park

Sir James Edward Colebrooke, 1st Baronet (21 July 1722[1] — 10 May 1761)[2] sat in the House of Commons from 1751 to 1761.

Early life[edit]

He was the son of James Colebrooke, of Chilham Castle, Kent,[3] a very prominent private banker in London,[4] and his wife Mary Hudson. He and his brother George were educated at Leiden University; on his return to Britain he married Mary Skynner, daughter and co-heiress of Stephen Skynner of Walthamstow, Essex, and Mary Remington, in May 1747.

Career[edit]

Shortly thereafter he bought Gatton Park from William Newland, with the proprietorship of the borough of Gatton, and the privilege of sending two members to the House of Commons.[5] He duly exercised the privilege, sitting in the House of Commons from 1751 to 1761.

Sir James was invested as a Knight and was created 1st Baronet Colebrooke, of Gatton, county Surrey (Great Britain) on 12 October 1759, with a special remainder to his brother, George.[6] He left two daughters, Emma, Lady Tankerville who was a botanist[7] and Mary (1750–1781), who married Sir John Aubrey, Bt.. On his death in 1761 the baronetcy and Gatton Park passed to his brother George.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ John Burke, A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire vol. I, 1832, s.v. "Colebrooke, Sir James".
  2. ^ Statistics in the article are drawn from L.G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972:80), reported in thePeerage.com.
  3. ^ A citizen and member of the Mercers Company of London, according to Burke 1832, which has "Childham Castle".
  4. ^ "The cash for bankers' notes of undoubted capitals and credit, such as a Child, a Hoare and a Colebrook, is but rarely called for, but if these notes fall into people's hands who are not their customers, then payment is immediately demanded," wrote Philip Cantillon, in The Analysis of Trade &c (London, 1759:173), quoted in Henry Dunning Macleod, The Theory and Practice of Banking: With the Elementary Principles of Currency, Prices, Credit, and Exchanges vol. ii (London: Longmans, Green) 1856:58 §74.
  5. ^ Owen Manning and William Bray, The History and Antiquities of the County of Surrey, (1803-14, reprinted 1974).
  6. ^ Sir George was elected a member of the Royal Society of Antiquaries, represented Arundel in Parliament and was a deputy-director of the British East India Company, and a patentee in New Hampshire, for whom Colebrook, New Hampshire, is named.
  7. ^ "Philip Mould | Historical Portraits | Emma, Countess of Tankerville | Daniel Gardner | Item Details". www.historicalportraits.com. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Knowles
Paul Humphrey
Member of Parliament for Gatton
1751–1761
With: Charles Knowles 1751–1752
William Bateman 1752–1754
Thomas Brand 1754–1761
Succeeded by
Thomas Brand
Edward Harvey
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of Gatton)

1759–1761
Succeeded by
George Colebrooke