James Mangles (MP)

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James Mangles (27 July 1768 – 25 September 1838) was an English merchant and politician.

Life and career[edit]

The son of Robert Mangles, a ship's chandler in Wapping, he went into his father's business, with his brother John.[1] He was also a shipowner in partnership with his brothers John (1760-1837), Timothy (1729-1795) and Robert (1732-1788). They owned at least four vessels that were employed in the South Sea whale fishery.[2]

Mangles was Member of Parliament for Guildford, from 1831 to 1837.[1] During the 1830s he bought Down Place, Surrey from Edward Turnour, 3rd Earl Winterton.[3] He became a director of the East India Company and served as High Sheriff of Surrey (1808-9).[4]


Mangles married Mary Hughes of Guildford. There were six sons and six daughters of the marriage, with ten surviving to adulthood.[5]

  • The eldest, Caroline, born 1792, married in 1815 the Rev. Arthur Onslow, as his second wife.[6]
  • The eldest son Frederick (1794–1869) married Marion or Marian Scott, daughter of George Scott of Ravenscourt; of Pendell Court, Surrey[7][8]
  • Pilgrim (1795–1828), director of the East India Company[9]
  • Charles Edward (1798–1874) married Rose Newcomb
  • Emily (1799–1826) married in 1825 Henry Waitby
  • Ross Donnelly (1801–1877) married in 1830 Harriet Newcomb
  • Jane (1803–1824)
  • Ellen (1807–1874) married in 1823 James Stirling.[10]
  • Albert (1809–1865) married in 1833 Georgiana Scott, daughter of George Scott of Ravenscourt.[11]
  • Hamilla (born 1812) married in 1833 William Preston R.N.[12]

John Mangles (1760–1837), brother of James Mangles (1762–1838), was father of James Mangles R.N.[13]


  1. ^ a b Mangles, James (1762-1838), of Woodbridge, nr. Guildford, Surr.
  2. ^ Jane M. Clayton & Charles A. Clayton, Shipowners investing in the South Sea Whale Fishery from Britain: 1775 to 1815, Hassobury, 2016, p.94-5.
  3. ^ 'Parishes: Compton', in A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3, ed. H. E. Malden (London, 1911), pp. 16–24. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/surrey/vol3/pp16-24 [accessed 12 June 2016].
  4. ^ Clayton & Clayton, p.96.
  5. ^ Pamela Statham-Drew (June 2003). James Stirling: admiral and founding governor of Western Australia. University of Western Australia Press. pp. 46–7.
  6. ^ The Gentleman's Magazine. F. Jefferies. 1852. p. 105.
  7. ^ The Register; and Magazine of Biography, A Record of Births, Marriages, Deaths, and other Genealogical and Personal Occurrences. Nichols & Sons. 1869. p. 333.
  8. ^ Edward Walford (1869). The County Families of the United Kingdom Or, Royal Manual of the Titled and Untitled Aristocracy of Great Britain and Ireland ... R. Hardwicke. p. 651.
  9. ^ "Mangles, Pilgrim (MNGS812P)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  10. ^ Pamela Statham (19 November 1990). The Origins of Australia's Capital Cities. Cambridge University Press. p. 125. ISBN 978-0-521-40832-5.
  11. ^ Court magazine and monthly critic (1833). The Court magazine and belle assemblée [afterw.] and monthly critic and the Lady's magazine and museum. p. 339.
  12. ^ "Preston, D'Arcy Harrington (PRSN863DH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  13. ^ "Mangles collection, Surrey Archaeological Society". Retrieved 12 June 2016.