Jann (legendary creature)

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Jann (Arabic: جان‎, romanizedJānn, plural Arabic: جِنَّان‎, romanizedJinnān or Arabic: جَوَان‎, romanizedJawān) is a type of Jinn in Arabian- and Islam-related lore which has several meanings:

  • Designation for the Jinn-genus, to distinguish them from the term "Jinn" as a collective noun for all supernatural creatures.[1]
  • The father of all Jinn created from the fires of samum, sometimes identified with Iblis or Azazil.[2][3]
  • A primitive type of Jinn, which dwelled on earth before the actual Jinn emerged or a transformed type of Jinn, comparable how apes are related to humans. These Jann are regarded as the most harmless class of supernatural creatures.[2]
  • Neuter singular of Jinn, while Jinni and Jinniya(h) are either adjectives, or masculine and feminine singulars or both.


Jann from the Semitic root JNN is an Arabic term, whose primary meaning is "to hide" and can also refer to an agile snake.[4] In the Quran this term appears in Surah 15:27 and Surah 27:10 to designate a supernatural creature or a serpent.[5]


  1. ^ Amira El-Zein Islam, Arabs, and Intelligent World of the Jinn Syracuse University Press 2009 ISBN 9780815650706 page 40
  2. ^ a b Patrick Hughes, Thomas Patrick Hughes Dictionary of Islam Asian Educational Services 1995 ISBN 978-8-120-60672-2 page 134
  3. ^ The Society Studia Orientalia, Band 85 1999 University of Michigan digitized 2008 page 130
  4. ^ Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman The Meaning and Explanation of the Glorious Qur'an (Vol 7) MSA Publication Limited 2009 ISBN 978-1-861-79661-5 page 111
  5. ^ Al-Saïd Muhammad Badawi, M. A. Abdel Haleem Arabic - English Dictionary of Qurʾanic Usage BRILL 2008 ISBN 978-9-004-14948-9 page 176