Jeremias van Rensselaer
Jeremias Van Rensselaer
Portrait of Jeremias Van Rensselaer
|Patroon of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck|
|Preceded by||Jan Baptist van Rensselaer|
|Succeeded by||Kiliaen van Rensselaer|
|Born||16 May 1632|
|Died||October 12, 1674 (aged 42)|
Manor of Rensselaerswyck, New York
Marritje Van Cortlandt
(m. 1662; his death 1674)
|Children||Kiliaen Van Rensselaer|
Hendrick van Rensselaer
|Parents||Kiliaen van Rensselaer|
Anna Van Wely
|Relatives||See Van Rensselaer family|
|New Netherland series|
|The Patroon System|
|People of New Netherland|
|Dutch West India Company|
|The Patroon System|
|Map of Rensselaerswyck|
|Patroons of Rensselaerswyck:|
Kiliaen van Rensselaer
Jeremias van Rensselaer (Amsterdam, 16 May 1632 – October 12, 1674) was the third son of Kiliaen van Rensselaer, one of the founders and directors of the Dutch West India Company who was instrumental in the establishment of New Netherland and was created the first patroon of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck. Jeremias van Rensselaer was the acting patroon of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, and the first of his family to establish himself permanently in America.
Jeremias van Rensselaer was born on May 16, 1632 in Amsterdam, the second son of Kiliaen van Rensselaer (1586–1643) and Anna van Wely (1601–1670), his father's second wife. He grew up on Keizersgracht, and received a Calvinist education. Among his siblings was older half-brother Johan van Rensselaer (the eldest son from his father's first wife Hillegonda van Bylaer), who eventually became the 2nd Patroon in 1643 upon their father's death. Another older brother, Jan Baptist van Rensselaer (the first son by Jeremias' father and mother), became the 3rd Patroon in 1652.
In 1654, he sailed from Amsterdam on the Gelderse Blom ("Gelderland Flower"), to the Dutch colony of New Netherland (present day United States). He returned to Holland by the Beaver, October 28, 1655, and sailed the second time from Amsterdam on the Gilded Otter, shortly after June 14, 1656.
In 1658, his older brother Jan Baptist returned to Amsterdam and Jeremias succeeded him as Director of Rensselaerwyck on September 24, 1658. Jeremias was the first of his family to establish himself permanently in America, the remaining sixteen years of his life being devoted to the government of the colony.
Manor of Rensselaerswyck
Pursuing the policies begun under the vice-directors, he became a man of great influence among the Indians, and "so attached them to him that they guarded his estates as carefully as they did their own." To the French in Canada he was known as one of the representative and ablest men of the Dutch and English colonies. He had the good judgment to adjust the acute differences with Peter Stuyvesant (1612-1672) which had troubled the administrations of his brother and van Slichtenhorst, and during the brief residue of the Dutch authority in New Netherland was on excellent terms with the governor.
In 1661, eight chairs, a bed, a mirror and a cupboard were sent to him from the Dutch Republic.
In 1664, Jan Baptist, Elisabeth van Twiller, the widow of Johan, Leonora and Susanna decided to sell all their property in and around Rensselaerswijck to Jeremias. His younger brother Rijckert went to the colony to assist him.
On the occasion of the landtsdagh or diet summoned by Stuyvesant early in 1664 to deliberate on the critical condition of the province—this being the first general representative assembly held within the present state of New York—he served as presiding officer of that body.
Province of New York
After the surrender to the English in September 1664, he took the oath to the new government, and the rights and immunities enjoyed by his family in its colony were recognized, though the precise future status of the property was not settled in his time. He desired to obtain a new patent in the name of his family, and, failing in this, was privately advised to move in the matter as an individual (being qualified to hold real estate by virtue of his British citizenship), and so obtained a regrant of Rensselarswyck in his personal name. This counsel he rejected indignantly, saying he was but a coheir, and would not defraud his brothers and sisters. He finally obtained from Governor Andros a patent "to the heirs of Kiliaen van Rensselaer," which, while in a sense only provisional, served all necessary purposes until the manor grant of 1685.
As his nephew, Kiliaen van Rensselaer, was still a minor upon Jeremias' death in 1674, Jeremias' younger brother, Nicholas van Rensselaer, succeeded him as Director of Rensselaerwyck until his death in 1678 at which point Kiliaen (Jeremias' son-in-law) became the 4th Patroon.
On July 12, 1662, Jeremias married Marritje "Maria" van Cortlandt (1645–1689), daughter of Olaff Stevensz van Cortlandt and Annetje (née Loockermans) van Cortlandt. Maria was the sister of Stephanus Van Cortlandt and Jacobus Van Cortlandt, both of whom served as Mayor of New York City. Together Jeremias and Maria were the parents of seven children, including:
- Kiliaen Van Rensselaer (1663–1719), who became the 5th patroon and 2nd Lord of Rensselaerswyck Manor in 1687. He married his first cousin, Maria Van Cortlandt (daughter of Stephanus Van Cortlandt), in 1701.
- Johannes van Rensselaer, who died without issue.
- Anna van Rensselaer (1665–1723), who married her first cousin, Kilaen Van Rensselaer, the 4th patroon. After his death in 1687, she married William Nicoll, the Speaker of the New York General Assembly.
- Hendrick van Rensselaer (1667–1740), who married Catharina Van Brugh (1665–1730), daughter of prominent fur and timber trader Johannes Pieterse Van Brugh, in 1689.
- Maria van Rensselaer (1673-1713), who married Pieter Schuyler (1657–1724), the 1st mayor of Albany and acting Governor of the Province of New York.
Jeremias died in Rensselaerswyck on October 12, 1674. He left a voluminous correspondence, together with a minute chronicle of events in America, under the title of the "New Netherland Mercury". His great industry and methodical habits have been remarked upon by many writers. His widow died in January 1689.
- Spooner 1907, p.17
- "Van Rensselaer Family Papers: Manuscripts and Special Collections: New York State Library". www.nysl.nysed.gov. New York State Library. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Spooner, Walter Whipple (1900). Van Rensselaer Family. American Historical Magazine. pp. 13–15. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Bielinski, Stefan (March 20, 2009). "Jeremias Van Rensselaer". www.nysm.nysed.gov. New York State Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
- Jacobs, Jaap (2005). New Netherland: A Dutch Colony in Seventeenth-Century America. BRILL. pp. 411, 429, 444. ISBN 9004129065. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- NA 2241, f. 1233-1234, not A. Lock, 13 June 1673.
- Bielinski, Stefan. "Maria Van Cortlandt Van Rensselaer". exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov. New York State Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Reynolds, Cuyler (1911). Hudson-Mohawk Genealogical and Family Memoirs: A Record of Achievements of the People of the Hudson and Mohawk Valleys in New York State, Included Within the Present Counties of Albany, Rensselaer, Washington, Saratoga, Montgomery, Fulton, Schenectady, Columbia and Greene. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Bielinski, Stefan. "Hendrick Van Rensselaer". exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov. New York State Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Bielinski, Stefan. "Catharina Van Brugh Van Rensselaer". exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov. New York State Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- Bielinski, Stefan. "Maria Van Rensselaer Schuyler". exhibitions.nysm.nysed.gov. New York State Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "Maria van Cortlandt van Rensselaer". www.newnetherlandinstitute.org. New Netherland Institute. Retrieved 27 September 2018.