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|Jews and Judaism|
Jewish secularism comprises the non-religious ethnic Jewish people and the body of work produced by them. Among secular Jews, traditional Jewish holidays may be celebrated as historical and nature festivals, while life-cycle events, such as births, marriages, and deaths, may be marked in a secular manner.
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Secular Jewish art and culture flourished between 1870 and the Second World War, with 18,000 titles in Yiddish, and thousands more in Hebrew and European languages, along with hundreds of plays and theater productions, movies, and other art forms. Franz Kafka and Marcel Proust rank among the creators of these works.
Prominent Jews who have been secular include David Ben-Gurion, Emma Goldman, Sigmund Freud, Bernie Sanders, Noam Chomsky, Karl Marx, Leon Trotsky, Gustav Mahler, Billy Joel, Marc Chagall, Henri Bergson, Alan Dershowitz, Heinrich Heine, Albert Einstein, Theodor Herzl, Louis Brandeis, Micha Josef Berdyczewski, Hayim Nahman Bialik, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Jerry Seinfeld, Larry David, Boris Pasternak, Stan Lee, Stephen Fry, Marilyn Monroe, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Baruch Spinoza, and Ayn Rand.
- Center for Cultural Judaism
- Cultural Judaism
- Humanistic Judaism
- Liberal Judaism (United Kingdom)
- Peretz Centre for Secular Jewish Culture
- Reform Judaism (United States)
- Zera Yisrael