|Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency|
February 15, 2001 – April 15, 2003
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||John Magaw (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Michael D. Brown|
|Born||July 27, 1952|
Blackwell, Oklahoma, U.S.
|Education||Oklahoma State University–Stillwater (BA)|
Joe M. Allbaugh (born July 27, 1952) is an American political figure in the Republican Party. After spending most of his career in Oklahoma and Texas, Allbaugh came to national prominence working for Texas governor George W. Bush and helping manage his 2000 presidential election campaign. Allbaugh then became Bush's Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) beginning in February 2001. He served until FEMA's transfer into the newly created Department of Homeland Security, after which he resigned in March 2003. He was appointed as the interim Director of the Oklahoma Department of Corrections by the state Board of Corrections, effective January 11, 2016. On July 6, 2016 the Oklahoma Board of Corrections voted unanimously to make his appointment permanent and set his salary at $185,000. Allbaugh has pointed out his department "is not a listing ship, it is a sinking ship."
Early political involvement
Allbaugh began working on political campaigns at the age of 12 as a volunteer for Barry Goldwater's presidential campaign. He went on to earn a degree in political science from Oklahoma State University where he became a member of Beta Theta Pi (ΒΘΠ) Fraternity. His first paid political job was working for Oklahoma Senator Henry Bellmon in 1974. After working on the field staff of the Reagan-Bush campaign in 1984, Allbaugh returned to Oklahoma to help Bellmon win a race for governor in 1986. He later served as a deputy secretary of transportation under Bellmon's successor, David Walters.
The George W. Bush campaigns
In 1994, Allbaugh was brought to Texas by George W. Bush to manage his campaign for governor. After Bush's victory, Allbaugh worked as gubernatorial chief of staff, serving until 1999 when he shifted posts to become campaign manager in Bush's run for the presidency. In this capacity Allbaugh was a key member of a tight circle of aides, together with Karl Rove and Karen Hughes, that the media dubbed the "Iron Triangle". Allbaugh called the trio "the brain, the brawn and the bite", with himself as the brawn at 6 feet 4 inches and 275 pounds.
After Bush secured the Republican nomination, he chose Dick Cheney to lead the process of screening and selecting a running mate. Allbaugh ended up with the responsibility of vetting Cheney himself when Bush focused directly on Cheney as his choice for Vice President, rather than as the man to simply help with the choice. The screening process was subsequently called into question when Cheney's Halliburton stock options, along with his sparse voting record in state and local elections, came to light. A Cheney spokeswoman defended Allbaugh's vetting process, saying it "was as thorough, if not more thorough than what other candidates went through." It remained unclear whether Cheney had filled out a questionnaire he had given the other potential running mates, which dealt with these issues among other topics.
When the election results turned into a dispute over Florida ballot counts, Allbaugh went to Florida to run the post-election operation there while other advisers remained behind in Texas. After the legal maneuverings played out with Bush prevailing, he named Allbaugh as his nominee to head the Federal Emergency Management Agency on January 4, 2001.
Allbaugh at FEMA
Allbaugh was confirmed as Director of FEMA in February 2001 by the Senate in a unanimous vote. Unlike his predecessor, he was not raised to cabinet rank. Allbaugh gained some attention that April for remarks questioning whether taxpayers should have to cover the cost of rebuilding properties that suffer repeated flood damage, just as the Mississippi River was flooding. This turned into a public disagreement with the mayor of Davenport, Iowa, one of the affected cities. It brought up policy issues that would arise again under Michael D. Brown Allbaugh's former deputy and FEMA successor, after Hurricane Katrina. The Bush administration also proposed cuts to FEMA's budget and the National Flood Insurance Program. After Tropical Storm Allison hit Texas in June, however, Allbaugh said the budget cuts would affect the agency's ability to respond to future disasters.
In May 2001, Bush announced that FEMA would expand its responsibility to include government response to terrorist attacks. Allbaugh explained that this mission, dubbed "homeland defense", would focus on dealing with the effects of such attacks, but not extend to gathering intelligence to prevent them. This left the agency as one of the most visible responders in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks. At the time of the attacks, Allbaugh was attending a conference in Big Sky, Montana, on the subject of emergency response. FEMA came under severe criticism for its delays in processing applications for relief and inappropriate denials of applications for assistance for those who suffered resulting from the attacks on the Twin Towers.
The September 11 attacks eventually led to a cabinet reorganization placing FEMA in the newly created Department of Homeland Security and Allbaugh elected to leave the agency. He made his resignation effective March 1, 2003, the date the reorganization was to take effect. Brown was an Oklahoma native and Allbaugh's old friend from Republican state politics, first hired by Allbaugh as FEMA's general counsel, despite having padded his legal and emergency services credentials.
After leaving the government, Allbaugh capitalized on his ties with the Bush administration by going into private business ventures connected with Bush's policy objectives. He became one of several partners involved in New Bridge Strategies, a consulting firm to help clients "evaluate and take advantage of business opportunities in the Middle East following the conclusion of the US-led war in Iraq", and Diligence-Iraq, a security company providing protection for companies doing business there. Diligence, a company founded by former CIA and FBI chief William Webster and 40 percent owned by a wealthy Kuwaiti politician. Allbaugh is the co-chair of Diligence.
Allbaugh also started his own firm, which he merged in 2004 with that of his wife Diane, who had worked as a lobbyist at the Republican firm of Barbour Griffith & Rogers during his government service. The Allbaugh Company is commonly described as a lobbying and consulting firm, although Joe Allbaugh himself says he only consults with clients on presenting their services to government agencies, and does not lobby the government directly for contracts. The Wall Street Journal compared his work to that of his predecessor at FEMA, James Lee Witt, who also went into the private sector and used the same distinction in working for clients. Major Allbaugh Company clients include The Shaw Group and Halliburton subsidiary KBR.
Though no longer affiliated with FEMA, Allbaugh traveled to the Gulf Coast after Hurricane Katrina to help coordinate private-sector support, according to his spokeswoman. His clients were among the first to win federal contracts to help with hurricane recovery: Shaw won a bid potentially worth $100 million to refurbish buildings and provide emergency housing, and KBR received $29.8 million from the Pentagon to rebuild Navy bases in Louisiana and Mississippi.
On July 12, 2006, Emergent Biosolutions, maker of the Anthrax Vaccine under its former name BioPort, announced that Allbaugh joined the Board of Directors. During the years before Allbaugh's appointment, BioPort had a troubled relationship with the US Food and Drug Administration. In September 2006, Allbaugh was elected president of Ecosphere Systems, Inc. He also sits on the Board of Directors of the National Rifle Association.
Senior Advisor to Rudy Giuliani
The Rudy Giuliani Presidential Committee announced on October 30, 2007 that Joe Allbaugh would serve as Senior Advisor to the Rudy Giuliani presidential campaign. Allbaugh was to advise the campaign on general strategy and homeland security. Allbaugh stated that "Rudy Giuliani is the only candidate who will keep America on offense in the Terrorists’ War on Us". According to Giuliani, he and Albaugh "worked closely together in the aftermath of 9/11 to ensure that everything possible was being done to help victims and their families. He has significant experience in emergency management and I will look to him for sound advice and expertise."
2012 presidential election
Director, Oklahoma Department of Corrections
Oklahoma Department of Corrections (DOC) Director Joseph Allbaugh requested a $23 million supplemental appropriation to get through until June 30. 2016. The supplemental appropriation was needed to pay for-profit prison corporations CoreCivic and GEO Group to hold overflow inmates, salaries for uniformed staff, which are extremely low, and prisoner medical bills. The DOC must adhere to mandated standards regarding inmate services to remain in constitutional compliance. With the threat it would lock out 2,600 Oklahoma prison inmates, the owner of Oklahoma’s largest private prison successfully lobbied the legislature for a raise this year, the Frontier reports. The GEO Group’s sprawling Lawton Correctional Facility holds about 10 percent of Oklahoma’s prison population. With Oklahoma’s prisons operating at 114 percent capacity, the private corrections company has the bargaining power to ask the state for more money. In June, the Oklahoma Department of Corrections signed a five-year deal with The GEO Group to house inmates in Lawton that contained a rate increase worth an estimated $2.8 million. Florida's GEO Group hasn’t consistently met the terms of its Oklahoma contract. The for-profit prison operator frequently failed its contractual contract violations at its Lawton, Oklahoma prison, one that houses some of Oklahoma’s most dangerous prisoners. The Oklahoma DOC notified GEO regarding multiple violations at the Lawton Correctional Facility in 2017 and 2018, including the delayed releases of several offenders, the improper use of restraints, missing or improperly recorded prisoner counts, and failure to adhere to medication and nursing protocols. In 2017, the DOC fined GEO Group $380,000 for delaying the release of a Lawton prisoner by 304 late subsequent to the modification of his sentence. The GEO Group has a history of problems with such improper releases at Lawton, said Allbaugh: "Private prisons do not run their facilities to our standards, but they are supposed to adhere to our operational protocols." "The only way you can get their attention is financial sanctions." On April 17, 2019, Allbaugh reported the DOC is "getting closer every day" to obtaining the equipment necessary to resume the death penalty, although no firm date has been set for executions to resume. The DOC said in 2018 it will replace lethal injection with "nitrogen hypoxia." a procedure which supposedly will painlessly smother an unconscious person. Without such a machine, the DOC has been unable to resume executions that had been horribly botched in recent years. Richard Glossip, whose guilt has been widely questioned, has had his execution postponed numerous times due to faulty protocols.
Allbaugh's nephew Jeremy Allbaugh served in the United States Marine Corps, was killed on July 5, 2007, while in Iraq. His nephew Jason Allbaugh is currently serving as a commissioned officer in the United States Army.
- Joe Allbaugh Big Man on Campaign, Washington Post, Dan Balz. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- Joe Allbaugh named interim Director of Oklahoma Corrections Archived 2016-01-31 at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press, January 7, 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
- Vicent, Samantha (8 July 2016). "Oklahoma Board of Corrections makes interim DOC director's job permanent". Tulsa World. Archived from the original on 1 May 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- Botkin, Ben (26 December 2017). "Oklahoma Watch: Weighing the odds of a federal takeover of state prisons". Tulsa World. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- Stout, David. "Agency Chief Facing Test Of a Lifetime On Response". New York Times, September 14, 2001, p. A19.
- Balz, Dan. "The Governor's 'Iron Triangle' Points the Way to Washington". Washington Post, July 23, 1999, p. C1.
- Chen, Edwin. "Bush Camp Attempts to Head Off Skirmish Over Nominee Ashcroft". Los Angeles Times, January 5, 2001, p. A16.
- Nagourney, Adam and Frank Bruni. "Gatekeeper to Running Mate: Cheney's Road to Candidacy". New York Times, July 28, 2000, p. A1.
- Walsh, Edward. "Did Cheney Pass His Own Test?; Questions on Voting, Stock Options Topped His Screening List". Washington Post, September 24, 2000, p. A13.
- Milbank, Dana. "Armies of Strategists Set Up Bases in Florida". Washington Post, November 13, 2000, p. A14.
- "Allbaugh Confirmed as Chief of FEMA". Los Angeles Times, February 16, 2001, p. A15.
- Fowler, Daniel (2008-11-19). "Emergency Managers Make It Official: They Want FEMA Out of DHS". CQ Politics. Archived from the original on 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2010-03-03.
During the Clinton administration, FEMA Administrator James Lee Witt met with the cabinet. His successor in the Bush administration, Joe M. Allbaugh, did not.(Archived by WebCite at
- "The Emergency Freight Train". Washington Post, April 25, 2001, p. A30.
- Slater, Eric. "FEMA Director Tours Davenport Devastation". Los Angeles Times, April 27, 2001, p. A31.
- Shenon, Philip. "White House Battles Cuts In Spending For Disasters". New York Times, June 21, 2002, p. A22.
- Gerstenzang, James. "Bush Puts FEMA in Charge of Domestic Terrorism Response". Los Angeles Times, May 9, 2001, p. A21.
- Janofsky, Michael. "Attacks Halt Meeting". New York Times, September 12, 2001, p. A5.
- FEMA's pace on 9-11 aid is criticized, New York Times, Raymond Hernandez, June 14, 2002. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Kemper, Vicki. "FEMA Chief, a Key Bush Advisor, Announces Resignation". Los Angeles Times, December 17, 2002, p. A32.
- Silverstein, Ken. "Top FEMA Jobs: No Experience Required". Los Angeles Times, September 9, 2005, p. A10.
- Rosen, Nir (2007-05-01). "Riding Shotgun with Our Shadow Army in Iraq". Mother Jones. Archived from the original on 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- Edsall, Thomas B. and Juliet Eilperin. "Lobbyists Set Sights On Money-Making Opportunities in Iraq". Washington Post, October 2, 2003, p. A21.
- Chaddock, Gail Russell. "Targeting no-bid deals". Christian Science Monitor, October 10, 2003, p. 2.
- Sarasohn, Judy. "All-Republican Givers and Receivers". The Washington Post, March 11, 2004, p. A25.
- Sarasohn, Judy. "Lobbying Firm Adds Another GOP Link". The Washington Post, March 14, 2002, p. A25.
- Edsall, Thomas B. "Former FEMA Chief Is at Work on Gulf Coast". The Washington Post, September 8, 2005, p. A27.
- Dreazen, Yochi J. "Connections Are Key to Contracts For Katrina Aid". The Wall Street Journal, September 30, 2005, p. B1.
- Dreazen, Yochi J. "In Katrina's Wake: U.S. Names 5 Firms to Build Housing". The Wall Street Journal, September 9, 2005, p. A10.
- "Firms with Bush-Cheney ties clinching Katrina deals". USA Today, September 10, 2005.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-08-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- National Rifle Association Board of Directors Archived 2013-01-09 at the Wayback Machine
- "Press release: Joe Allbaugh to Serve as Senior Advisor to Rudy Giuliani Archived 2008-03-06 at the Wayback Machine". The Rudy Giuliani Presidential Committee, October 30, 2007.
- Steigerwald, Lucy (2012-01-04) Rick Perry Is Definitely Staying in the Race, Reason
- Tulsa World Editorial: Fix this! DOC running out of money, Tulsa World, March 2, 2016. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- Private Prison Operator GEO Wins Oklahoma Raise Despite Violations, Crime and Justice News, July 9, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- Oklahoma poised to build own execution device, The Frontier, Dylan Goforth, April 19, 2019. Retrieved August 1, 2019.
- Smith, Evan (August 2006). "Joe Allbaugh defends you-know-who". Texas Monthly. Retrieved March 11, 2015.
- Honor the fallen: Marine Cpl. Jeremy D. Allbaugh Archived 2008-01-09 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
| Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency
Michael D. Brown