From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Archeological site
Jognakhera is located in Haryana
Jognakhera is located in India
Coordinates: 29°58′17″N 76°53′14″E / 29.97139°N 76.88722°E / 29.97139; 76.88722Coordinates: 29°58′17″N 76°53′14″E / 29.97139°N 76.88722°E / 29.97139; 76.88722
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (Indian Standard Time)

Jognakhera is a site belonging to late Harappan phase of Indus Valley Civilisation. Jogankhera is located in Kurukshetra District, Haryana, India.[1]


Painted Grey Ware Culture (1200-600 BCE).
Archaeological cultures associated with Indo-Iranian migrations (after EIEC). The Andronovo, BMAC and Yaz cultures have often been associated with Indo-Iranian migrations. The GGC (Swat), Cemetery H, Copper Hoard and PGW cultures are candidates for cultures associated with Indo-Aryan migrations.

The find from this site belong to the mature Harappan phase as well as later-era PGW phase (Vedic period).[2] The Painted Grey Ware culture (PGW) probably corresponds to the middle and late Vedic period, i.e., the Kuru-Panchala kingdom, the first large state in South Asia after the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization (IVC).[3][4] Painted Grey Ware culture (PGW) chiefdoms in the region were succeeded by Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW) from c. 700-500 BCE, associated with the rise of the great mahajanapada states (mahajanapada states Kuru, Panchala, Matsya, Surasena and Vatsa)[2] and later of the Magadha Empire.[3][4] Towards the end of the late Vedic period, many of the PGW settlements grew into the large towns and cities of the Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW) period.[5] B.B. Lal confirms that Mahabharata is associated with PGW sites and gives a date to c. 900 BCE for the War recounted in the Mahabharata.[6]

Saraswati valley has the earlier phase of the PGW culture, such as excavation at Hat (Hathira) in Kurukshetra. Hathira was protected by a V shaped moat.[2] Similar moats were found Jognakhera and Kunal on the Saraswati river. The presence of moat shows these were chiefdom-based cultures. These cultures reach a peak in Ganga-Yamuna Doab before the rise of Mahajanapadas in the Northern Black Polished Ware period.[2]


Jognakhera was excavated during 2009, although local people are not aware of the importance of this ancient site.[7] Pot shreds were also recovered from this site.[7]

Copper smelting[edit]

Jognakhera was a copper smelting site where copper smelting furnaces with copper slag were recovered.[7] The furnaces excavated from this site looked like huge saucers. [7]

Damage to site[edit]

Floods created out of breach to Sutlej Yamuna link canal during July 2010 caused damage to this archeological site.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ghosh, Amalananda (Ed.) (1990). An Encyclopaedia of Indian archaeology. Leiden: E.J. Brill. p. 187. ISBN 9789004092648.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b c d Suraj Bhan, Ancient Asia Journal.
  3. ^ a b Geoffrey Samuel, (2010) The Origins of Yoga and Tantra: Indic Religions to the Thirteenth Century, Cambridge University Press, pp. 45–51
  4. ^ a b Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, 97–265.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 5 December 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b c d e Sabharwal, Vijay (11 July 2010). "Indus Valley site ravaged by floods". The Times Of India.