John Edwards (Labour politician)
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Lewis John Edwards, OBE (27 May 1904 – 23 November 1959) was a British university lecturer, trade union leader and Labour Party politician who sat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom and was President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
Life and career
Edwards was born in Aylesbury, the son of a railwayman, and educated at the Aylesbury Grammar School. After working for a bank, he studied for the priesthood at the College of the Resurrection, Mirfield, but decided his vocation lay outside the church. He then completed a degree in Economics at Leeds University.
He became a staff tutor at the University of Leeds and lectured in economics for the Workers Educational Association. He was elected to Leeds City Council, and after working in a university appointment in Birmingham, he became secretary for adult education at Liverpool University.
While at Liverpool, he was elected general secretary of the Post Office Engineering Union. He was elected as Member of Parliament for Blackburn in the United Kingdom general election of 1945. He became Parliamentary Private Secretary to Stafford Cripps at the Board of Trade, and then in 1947 he was made Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health. He carried through Parliament the National Assistance Act 1948, which abolished the remaining parts of the Poor Law, an achievement of which he was particularly proud.
In 1949 he returned to the Board of Trade as Parliamentary Secretary, supporting the President, Harold Wilson. In the election of 1950 he lost his Blackburn seat, but shortly after was elected in a by-election to the Yorkshire seat of Brighouse and Spenborough. In the reshuffle caused by the resignation of Sir Stafford Cripps as Chancellor of the Exchequer, he was appointed Economic Secretary to the Treasury, and held the post until the government lost the election of 1951.
In opposition he became Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee, and a member of the British parliamentary delegation to the Council of Europe from 1955, where he was elected in 1957 as vice-president and in April 1959 as President of the Consultative Assembly.
He married Dorothy May Watson in 1931 and had two daughters: Valerie Hope Edwards, who married Baron Roper, the Labour MP John Roper; and Margaret Elaine Edwards, who married Sir Christopher Jenkins, First Parliamentary Counsel 1994–1997.
In November 1959, in Strasbourg on Council of Europe business, he died suddenly of heart disease, aged 55. Then Labour leader, Hugh Gaitskell, was quoted as saying that "his notable administrative gifts would have ensured him an important post in any future Labour government".
- Leuștean, Lucian (2014). The Ecumenical Movement and the Making of the European Community. Oxford University Press. p. 77. ISBN 978-0-19-871456-9.
- "Western European Union". International Organization. University of Wisconsin Press. 11 (3): 573. 1957. ISSN 0020-8183. JSTOR 2704923.
The Assembly referred a motion submitted by Mr. John Edwards, (Labor [sic], United Kingdom) to the General Affairs Committee.
- "L. John EDWARDS". Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
- Daddow, Oliver J. (2004). Britain and Europe Since 1945: Historiographical Perspectives on Integration. Manchester University Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-7190-6137-0.
- Wassenberg, Birte (2013). History of the Council of Europe. Council of Europe. ISBN 978-92-871-7832-9.
- "Proceedings of the 3rd Session First Part, May 1957". Western European Union Proceedings. 3 (1): 12. 1957. doi:10.5860/choice.41sup-0531. ISSN 0009-4978.
- "Ouverture lundi de la nouvelle session de l'Assemblée de Strasbourg". Le Monde (in French). 18 January 1960. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
Auparavant elle devra élire un nouveau président en remplacement de M. John Edwards (travailliste britannique), décédé à Strasbourg le 23 novembre dernier.
- "Dorothy May Watson". The Peerage. Darryl Lundy. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
- "Jenkins, Sir (James) Christopher". Who's Who 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
- "(Lewis) John Edwards - National Portrait Gallery". www.npg.org.uk. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- Obituary, The Times, 24 November 1959
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Edwards
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir George Elliston
and Sir W. D. Smiles
| Member of Parliament for Blackburn
With: Barbara Castle
(split into east and west divisions)
| Member of Parliament for Brighouse and Spenborough
|Trade union offices|
Charles Howard Smith
| General Secretary of the Post Office Engineering Union
| President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe