John Emmett Carland

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John Emmett Carland
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
In office
January 31, 1911 – November 11, 1922
Appointed byWilliam Howard Taft
Preceded bySeat established by 36 Stat. 539
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit
In office
January 31, 1911 – December 31, 1911
Appointed byWilliam Howard Taft
Preceded bySeat established by 36 Stat. 539
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Judge of the United States Commerce Court
In office
January 31, 1911 – December 13, 1913
Appointed byWilliam Howard Taft
Preceded bySeat established by 36 Stat. 539
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Dakota
In office
August 31, 1896 – February 6, 1911
Appointed byGrover Cleveland
Preceded byAlonzo J. Edgerton
Succeeded byJames Douglas Elliott
Personal details
Born
John Emmett Carland

(1853-12-11)December 11, 1853
Oswego County, New York
DiedNovember 11, 1922(1922-11-11) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C.
EducationUniversity of Michigan
read law

John Emmett Carland (December 11, 1853 – November 11, 1922) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Commerce Court, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Dakota.

Education and career[edit]

Born on December 11, 1853, in Oswego County, New York, Carland attended the University of Michigan and read law in 1877. He entered private practice in Bismarck, Dakota Territory (now North Dakota) starting in 1877, and served as city attorney for Bismarck. He also served as county attorney for Burleigh County, Dakota Territory (now North Dakota). He was the United States Attorney for the Dakota Territory from 1885 to 1888. He returned to private practice in Sioux Falls, Dakota Territory (State of South Dakota from November 2, 1889) from 1889 to 1895. He served as a special assistant to the United States Attorney for the District of South Dakota.[1]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Carland received a recess appointment from President Grover Cleveland on August 31, 1896, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of South Dakota vacated by Judge Alonzo J. Edgerton. He was nominated to the same position by President Cleveland on December 8, 1896. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on December 15, 1896, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on February 6, 1911, due to his elevation to the Commerce Court and Eighth Circuit.[1]

Carland was nominated by President William Howard Taft on December 12, 1910, to the United States Commerce Court, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit and the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit, to a new joint seat authorized by 36 Stat. 539. He was confirmed by the Senate on January 31, 1911, and received his commission the same day. On December 31, 1911, the Circuit Courts were abolished and he thereafter served on the Commerce Court and Court of Appeals. On December 13, 1913, the Commerce Court was abolished and he thereafter served only on the Court of Appeals. His service terminated on November 11, 1922, due to his death in Washington, D.C.[1]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Alonzo J. Edgerton
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Dakota
1896–1911
Succeeded by
James Douglas Elliott
Preceded by
Seat established by 36 Stat. 539
Judge of the United States Commerce Court
1911–1913
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established by 36 Stat. 539
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the Eighth Circuit
1911
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established by 36 Stat. 539
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
1911–1922
Succeeded by
Seat abolished