|Song by Paul Anka and Johnny Carson|
|Published||September 12, 1962|
"Johnny's Theme" is an instrumental jazz song played as the opening theme of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson from the show's inception in 1962 through its finale in 1992. The piece was composed by Paul Anka and Johnny Carson, based on a previous composition by Anka. It was performed by The Tonight Show Band, which released an arrangement by Tommy Newsom in 1986 as part of its Grammy Award-winning eponymous debut album. The single release also garnered a Grammy nomination.
"Johnny's Theme" has since been released in cover versions and on compilation albums. It has appeared in several films, and been played live in concert by school bands and by amateur and professional musicians, including Doc Severinsen's Big Band.
Development and evolution
1959: Two songs
"Johnny's Theme" began life as "Toot Sweet", a pop instrumental composed in 1959 by Paul Anka and recorded by Tutti's Trumpets. It was released on Disney's Buena Vista label as the B-side to The Camarata Strings' single "Lost In a Fog".[a]
"Tutti" Camarata, who was Annette Funicello's producer at the time, asked Anka to write some songs for Funicello's first album to follow her work on The Mickey Mouse Club. Anka added lyrics to "Toot Sweet" and published them under the title "It's Really Love", and the song was released as part of Annette Sings Anka. He recorded his own version of "It's Really Love" that same year for the French film Faibles Femmes; it was released on seven-inch EPs in France, Italy and Spain.
1962: Johnny Carson
When Johnny Carson, a fan of jazz music, was preparing to take over as the permanent host of The Tonight Show starting in October 1962, he recognized that he would need a theme song. Carson and Anka had worked together in England on the television special An Evening with Paul Anka in 1961; when they happened to meet up again in New York City the following year, Carson manager Al Bruno mentioned needing a theme.
Anka created a new instrumental arrangement for "It's Really Love" and sent a demo to Carson and Ed McMahon, who were in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, making preparations for the show. McMahon said "it was the first time either one of us heard [the song]—and magic."
1962–92: The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
|"Johnny's Theme (The Tonight Show Theme)"|
|Single by The Tonight Show Band|
|from the album The Tonight Show Band|
|Recorded||August 5–7, 1986|
|Songwriter(s)||Paul Anka, Johnny Carson|
Shortly after sending the demo, Anka received a telephone call and was told that Tonight Show bandleader Skitch Henderson was angry because Carson wanted to use a theme song written by "a 20-year-old kid". Anka said he then offered to let Carson write and publish new lyrics in order to claim a songwriter's credit, along with half of the royalties every time the song was played. Those lyrics were never used on the show. Anka estimated that "Johnny's Theme" was played live on Carson's Tonight Show more than 1,400,000 times over the course of 30 years.[b] As its original composer, Anka also was paid each time the song was broadcast, earning each man an average of about US$200,000 per year.
The song was retired along with Carson in 1992; his iteration of The Tonight Show was called "the last widely public big-band forum". Incoming bandleader Branford Marsalis composed a more "funky" theme for successor Jay Leno because "a swing tune doesn't reflect Jay at all [and] jazz doesn't come to mind either."
Henry Mancini and his orchestra recorded a 2:44 arrangement of "Johnny's Theme" in 1972 for the German EP Theme from Nicholas and Alexandra. A version also appeared as part of Mancini's 2010 compilation Big Screen, Little Screen. Paul Anka produced a recording by Top Brass for Buddah Records in 1973. Lawrence Welk and his orchestra performed the song for their 1976 album Nadia's Theme.
Doc Severinsen and the band recorded "Johnny's Theme" and 12 other tracks for their album The Tonight Show Band, released in 1986. Amherst Records also released the track as a single, titled "Johnny's Theme (The Tonight Show Theme)",[c] which debuted at #27 on the Radio & Records Jazz Top 30 chart. The song has been released on compilations of television themes, the 1995 compilation 25 Years of Chrysalis Music, and The Very Best of Doc Severinsen (1998).
"Johnny's Theme" earned a Grammy Award nomination for Best Pop Instrumental Performance, losing to "Top Gun Anthem" at the awards presentation in 1987. The Tonight Show Band was honored for Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Big Band.
In 2005, Doc Severinsen, Carson's bandleader starting in 1967, said the song worked so well because it was "accessible. People could understand what it was, and it was associated with Johnny." Larry King called it "one of the most familiar themes in American television history." Paul Anka said the song was played for only a short time each night, "but everybody knows it. Simplicity is indeed royal."
The Washington Post in 2008 said the days of the television theme song were fading into nostalgia, though they "used to abound", with or without lyrics. For example, "Anka's Tonight Show theme was inseparable from late night and Johnny Carson."
"Johnny's Theme" has been included in numerous films, including This Is My Life, Isn't She Great and Talk to Me. The song has been performed live by musicians at varying skill levels, from student to professional. Iowa State Cyclones men's basketball coach Johnny Orr came onto the court pumping his fist as the pep band played "Johnny's Theme" before games at the Hilton Coliseum. Orr's tenure ran from 1980 to 1994.
Doc Severinsen has kept the song alive on tour. His Big Band opened its shows by playing the theme in its entirety, "just to let you know who we are." Severinsen and The Roots played "Johnny's Theme" during a 2015 episode of The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon.
- The title printed on the 45's label is "Toot Sweet (It's Really Love)"; Anka published the lyrics in March 1959.
- Carson's tenure comprised 4,531 broadcast episodes.
- "Johnny's Theme (The Tonight Show Theme)" is the single's title as printed on the 45's label. At least two surviving copies of the accompanying picture sleeve used the title "The Tonight Show Theme (Johnny's Theme)".
- "The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson". classicthemes.com. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- Myers, Marc (January 7, 2014). "Tonight Show Theme: Evolution". JazzWax. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "Toot Sweet (It's Really Love)". B1. F-356 (Buena Vista Records). 1959.
- Conradt, Stacy (2012-07-11). "11 TV Theme Songs That Secretly Have Lyrics". Mental Floss. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- "Faibles Femmes (It's Really Love)". A1. ABC 45.9807 (ABC-Paramount). 1959.
"Faibles Femmes (It's Really Love)". A1. SCMQ 1198 (Columbia Records). 1959.
"Amor Sincero (It's Really Love)". B2. HP-9706 (Hispavox). 1959.
- Cox 2002, p. 192.
- "Transcripts: Larry King Live Interview with Ed McMahon, Doc Severinsen". CNN. January 24, 2005. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- Ellerbee, Bobby. "How Johnny Carson's Tonight Show Theme Came About" (PDF). The Great Escape!. 31: 3. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "The Tonight Show Band, Vol. 1: Credits". AllMusic. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- Kerley 2013, p. 99.
- "About Paul Anka". paulanka.com. Archived from the original on August 20, 2004. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
- Staff (May 14, 2012). "Johnny Carson: King of Late Night – About the Documentary". PBS. Retrieved June 8, 2017.
- Woodard, Josef (July 16, 1992). "SOUNDS AROUND TOWN: Big-Band Lifeline ..." Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- Waldron, Clarence (June 22, 1992). "Branford Marsalis and Jay Leno Give Tonight Show New Humor and New Sound". Jet. 82 (9): 57.
- "Johnny's Theme (Theme from the 'Tonight Show')". B2. LSP 4630 (APRS-6426) (RCA Victor). 1972.
- Big Screen, Little Screen. 7 (CD). ASIN B00004LMRK (RCA Records). 2010.
- "Johnny's Theme". A1. BDA-364 (BDAS-364-A) (Buddah). 1973.
- "Johnny's Theme". B1. R-8165 (Ranwood). 1976.
- "The Tonight Show Band, Vol. 1: Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "Radio & Records National Airplay: Jazz" (PDF). Radio & Records. October 17, 1986. Retrieved April 26, 2015 – via AmericanRadioHistory.com.
- Television's Greatest Hits Vol. 1: 50s & 60s. 64. ASIN B000000GOI (Tee Vee Toons). 1985.
Television's Greatest Themes, Vol. 13. 14. ASIN B00F48YZIG (TV Tunesters). 2013.
- 25 Years of Chrysalis Music. 11 (CD). ASIN B006VDJI6C (Chrysalis). 1995.
- The Very Best of Doc Severinsen. 16 (CD). ASIN B000001O7A (Amherst). 1998.
- Moleski, Linda (January 31, 1987). "Grass Route" (PDF). Billboard. 99 (5): 63. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
- "Winners (1986)". Grammy.com. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
- Severo, Richard (November 3, 2005). "Skitch Henderson, 87, Tonight Show Bandleader, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
- Cox 2002, p. 193.
- Farhi, Paul (May 31, 2008). "Cue TV theme as it fades into sunset: Original music that has helped define shows ..." The Washington Post. Retrieved April 28, 2015 – via Los Angeles Times.
- Staff. "Paul Anka: Biography and Filmography". Hollywood.com. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
- "Johnny's Theme" (from The Tonight Show) Spring Concert 2012 (video). YouTube (Heritage Christian High School Jazz Band). April 29, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
"Johnny's Theme" Concert (video). YouTube (South Shore Conservatory Summer Music Festival). May 1, 2014. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
- Denner, Andrew; Eastman, Emily, eds. (2014). "Iowa State Alumni Band Fall 2014 Newsletter" (PDF). Ames, Iowa: 10. Retrieved April 26, 2015. Cite journal requires
Borzi, Pat (January 18, 2014). "Iowa State's Legacy of Fervor and Success Is Handed Down". The New York Times. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- Bobbin, Jay (April 6, 2012). "Doc Severinsen on Johnny Carson: 'I wish he were alive now'". zap2it. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- "Former The Tonight Show Band Leader Performs at Johnny Carson Theatre". Norfolk, Nebraska: Norfolk Daily News. September 27, 2013. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
Darr, Deanna (April 4, 2014). "Big Band, Big Sound: Severinsen takes Tonight Show Music on the Road". Rapid City, South Dakota: Rapid City Journal. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
- "Doc Severinsen Performs Johnny Carson's Theme". Tumblr: The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon (official). February 17, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.
- Cox, Stephen (2002). Here's Johnny! Thirty Years of America's Favorite Late-Night Entertainer (paperback ed.). Cumberland House Publishing. ISBN 978-1581822656. Cited as Cox 2002.
- Kerley, Gary Lee (2013). Sickels, Robert C. (ed.). 100 Entertainers Who Changed America: An Encyclopedia of Pop Culture Luminaries. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598848311. Cited as Kerley 2013.