Juneau County, Wisconsin
Juneau County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Solomon Juneau|
|• Total||804 sq mi (2,080 km2)|
|• Land||767 sq mi (1,990 km2)|
|• Water||37 sq mi (100 km2) 4.6%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||33/sq mi (13/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Congressional districts||3rd, 7th|
Before white settlement, before loggers and explorers, the area that is now Juneau County was the home of Native Americans who left behind artifacts like the thunderbirds etched on the wall at Twin Bluffs and the Gee's Slough mounds outside New Lisbon.
Juneau County was established in 1857 when the State of Wisconsin passed legislation separating lands west of the Wisconsin River from what was then Adams County. After a contest with neighboring New Lisbon, the county seat was established in Maugh's Town, which is known today as Mauston. The county was named after Solomon Juneau, a founder of Milwaukee.
- Necedah Airport (KDAF), serves the county and surrounding communities.
- Mauston–New Lisbon Union Airport (82C) enhances county service.
- Wood County - north
- Adams County - east
- Columbia County - southeast
- Sauk County - south
- Vernon County - southwest
- Monroe County - west
- Jackson County - northwest
National protected area
United States Military Posts
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,316 people, 9,696 households, and 6,699 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 12,370 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.61% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.2% were of German, 9.9% Irish, 8.8% Norwegian, 6.5% Polish and 5.8% English ancestry.
There were 9,696 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.
In the county, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.
In 2017, there were 282 births, giving a general fertility rate of 72.7 births per 1000 women aged 15–44, the 12th highest rate out of all 72 Wisconsin counties. Of these, only 2 of the births occurred at home. Additionally, there were 16 reported induced abortions performed on women of Juneau County residence in 2017, a figure higher than the records for the preceding four years.
- Mauston (county seat)
- New Lisbon
- Wisconsin Dells (mostly in Columbia County, Adams County, and Sauk County)
Juneau County can be considered a bellwether in Presidential Elections. The county has a perfect record of being won by the winning candidate in every Presidential Election since 1964.
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- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "Twin Bluff". Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center. Retrieved November 20, 2017.
- Birmingham, Robert A.; Leslie E. Eisenberg (2000). Indian Mounds of Wisconsin. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 204. ISBN 9780299168742.
- Wisconsin Acts. 1856. Ch. 130 Approved 13 October 1856. Went into effect 1 January 1857.
- Juneau County - Home Retrieved February 25, 2015.
- Stennett, William H. (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways.
Juneau County, State of Wisconsin.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Annual Wisconsin Birth and Infant Mortality Report, 2017 P-01161-19 (June 2019): Detailed Tables
- Reported Induced Abortions in Wisconsin, Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health, Wisconsin Department of Health Services. Section: Trend Information, 2013-2017, Table 18, pages 17-18
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Biographical History of La Crosse, Monroe and Juneau Counties, Wisconsin. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1892.