Kaikōura (New Zealand electorate)

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Kaikōura electorate boundaries used since the 2002 election.

Kaikōura (or Kaikoura before 2008) is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning a single MP to the New Zealand House of Representatives. The current MP for Kaikōura is Stuart Smith of the National Party, who won the 2014 election.

Population centres[edit]

The Kaikōura electorate covers the north-eastern South Island, from Cook Strait in the north to the Ashley River in the south. At over 21,000 km2 (8,100 sq mi), it is New Zealand's fourth-largest general electorate by area. Its biggest town is Blenheim; other towns include Amberley, Ashley, Cheviot, Culverden, Hanmer Springs, Havelock, Kaikōura and Picton.[1] The electorate boundaries were not changed in either the 2007 or 2013/14 boundary reviews.[2][3]

History[edit]

Kaikōura is one of the original 60 electorates drawn ahead of the change to Mixed Member Proportional (MMP) voting in 1996. It was made up by merging all of the old Marlborough seat with a large portion of Rangiora. Like the two electorates it replaced, Kaikōura is a safe seat for the National Party, returning a National MP at every election since it was created.

The first representative in 1996 was Doug Kidd, who was previously the MP for Marlborough. He retired at the end of the parliamentary term and was succeeded by Lynda Scott in the 1999 election. Scott served for two parliamentary terms before retiring from politics and returning to the medical profession in 2005.[4]

The 2005 election was won by Colin King, who served for three parliamentary terms.[5] In December 2013, King was deselected as National's candidate for Kaikoura, losing a selection challenge by Stuart Smith,[6] who won the general election in September 2014 with a preliminary majority of 11,510 votes.[7] Based on preliminary election results, Steffan Browning of the Green Party who became a list MP in 2011, was the highest ranked Green candidate who was not returned to parliament.[8][9] When final results were released, the Green Party had gained an additional seat, and Browning was confirmed as a list MP.[10]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 National    Labour    Green  

Election Winner
1996 election Doug Kidd
1999 election Lynda Scott
2002 election
2005 election Colin King
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Stuart Smith
2017 election

List MPs[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Kaikōura electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1996 election Marian Hobbs
1999 election Ian Ewen-Street
2002 election
2011 election Steffan Browning
2014 election

Election results[edit]

2017 election[edit]

2017 general election: Kaikōura[11]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Stuart Smith 20,594 52.18 −5.00 20,925 52.60 +0.15
Labour Janette Walker 10,401 26.35 +3.63 11,587 29.13 +12.09
NZ First Jamie Arbuckle 4,201 10.64 +5.44 3,561 8.95 −0.87
Green Richard McCubbin 2,865 7.26 −1.04 1,963 4.93 −4.22
Conservative David Greensdale 218 0.55 −2.44 135 0.34 −4.31
ACT Richard Evans 210 0.53 +0.27 151 0.38 −0.01
Democrats John McCaskey 131 0.33 −0.20 14 0.04 −0.06
Independent Charlotte Osmaston 53 0.13
United Future John Truman Foster 51 0.13 23 0.06 −0.20
Opportunities   865 2.17
Ban 1080   119 0.30
Legalise Cannabis   117 0.30 −0.11
Māori   92 0.23 −0.13
Outdoors   40 0.10
People's Party   10 0.03
Mana   4 0.01
Internet   3 0.01
Informal votes 381 172
Total Valid votes 39,465 39,781
National hold Majority 10,553 25.83 −8.63

2014 election[edit]

2014 general election: Kaikōura[12]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Stuart Smith 20,857 57.18 −3.07 20,770 56.45 +1.04
Labour Janette Walker 8,287 22.72 −2.98 6,269 17.04 −2.81
Green Steffan Browning 3,028 8.30 −3.12 3,366 9.15 −2.94
NZ First Steve Campbell 1,896 5.20 +5.20 3,612 9.82 +3.27
Conservative Howard Hudson 1,089 2.99 +2.99 1,709 4.65 +0.85
Ban 1080 Glen Tomlinson 566 1.55 +1.55 187 0.51 +0.51
Democrats John McCaskey 194 0.53 −0.32 36 0.10 −0.02
ACT Richard Evans 132 0.36 −1.02 144 0.39 −0.72
Money Free Party Ted Howard 72 0.20 +0.20
Internet Mana   169 0.46 +0.33[a]
Legalise Cannabis   151 0.41 −0.07
Māori   131 0.36 −0.07
United Future   96 0.26 −0.64
Civilian   13 0.04 +0.04
Focus   8 0.02 +0.02
Independent Coalition   8 0.02 +0.02
Informal votes 353 122
Total Valid votes 36,474 36,791
Turnout 34,292 79.84 +5.58
National hold Majority 12,570 34.46 −0.08

2011 election[edit]

2011 general election: Kaikōura[13]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Colin King 19,961 60.25 +2.47 18,909 55.41 +3.57
Labour Liz Collyns 8,516 25.70 -0.66 6,775 19.85 -8.33
Green Steffan Browning 3,784 11.42 +3.42 3,786 11.09 +4.08
ACT Richard Evans 457 1.38 +0.12 379 1.11 -1.98
Democrats John McCaskey 283 0.85 +0.54 42 0.12 +0.04
Libertarianz Ian Hayes 131 0.40 +0.40 23 0.07 +0.05
NZ First   2,236 6.55 +1.98
Conservative   1,296 3.80 +3.80
United Future   306 0.90 -0.03
Legalise Cannabis   165 0.48 +0.18
Māori   147 0.43 -0.13
Mana   45 0.13 +0.13
Alliance   19 0.06 -0.003
Informal votes 1,045 284
Total Valid votes 33,132 34,128
National hold Majority 11,445 34.54 +3.13

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 45,958[14]

2008 election[edit]

2008 general election: Kaikoura[15]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Colin King 20,374 57.77 +6.65 18,479 51.83 +6.81
Labour Brian McNamara 9,297 26.36 -11.30 10,046 28.18 -7.86
Green Steffan Browning 2,823 8.00 +2.46 2,499 7.01 +1.24
Kiwi Al Belcher 1,127 3.20 +3.20 618 1.73 +1.73
NZ First Linda Waimarie King 959 2.72 +2.72 1,631 4.58 -1.29
ACT Dave Tattersfield 443 1.26 +0.46 1,101 3.09 +1.63
United Future Coralie Christie 131 0.37 -1.01 331 0.93 -1.90
Democrats John S. J. McCaskey 112 0.32 +0.32 31 0.09 +0.02
Progressive   285 0.80 -0.81
Bill and Ben   223 0.63 +0.63
Māori   201 0.56 +0.18
Legalise Cannabis   107 0.30 +0.10
Family Party   41 0.12 +0.12
Alliance   21 0.06 -0.06
Workers Party   12 0.03 +0.03
RONZ   8 0.02 +0.002
Libertarianz   6 0.02 -0.01
Pacific   6 0.02 +0.02
RAM   4 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 292 160
Total Valid votes 35,266 35,650
National hold Majority 11,077 31.41 +17.95

2005 election[edit]

2005 general election: Kaikoura[16]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Colin King 17,755 51.68 15,636 45.02
Labour Brendon Burns 13,080 38.07 12,515 36.04
Green Steffan Browning 1,927 5.61 2,005 5.07
United Future Robin Westley 481 1.40 981 2.82
Progressive John Maurice 430 1.25 558 1.61
ACT Pat O'Sullivan 275 0.80 505 1.45
Māori Brett Cowan 174 0.51 133 0.38
Independent Ted Howard 170 0.49
Alliance Greg Kleis 64 0.19 40 0.12
NZ First   2,036 5.86
Destiny   139 0.40
Legalise Cannabis   68 0.20
Christian Heritage   43 0.12
Democrats   24 0.07
One NZ   13 0.04
99 MP   10 0.03
Libertarianz   9 0.03
RONZ   7 0.02
Direct Democracy   4 0.01
Family Rights   3 0.01
Informal votes 335 147
Total Valid votes 34,356 34,729
National hold Majority 4,675 30.30 13.61

2002 election[edit]

2002 general election: Kaikoura
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Green tickY Lynda Scott 15,165 47.63 +9.56 8,536 26.51 -6.51
Labour Brendon Burns 12,096 37.99 12,636 39.25 +4.16
Green Ian Ewen-Street 2,313 7.26 -1.91 2,220 6.90 +0.20
United Future Julee Smith-Mischeski 644 2.02 +1.06[b] 1,859 5.77
Christian Heritage Don Moore 639 2.01 -1.02 508 1.58 -1.46
ACT Ted Howard 458 1.44 1,873 5.82 -0.77
Progressive Philippa Main 365 1.15 570 1.77
Independent Desmond J Bell 161 0.51 +0.14
NZ First   2,825 8.77 +5.18
ORNZ   821 2.55
Alliance   197 0.61 -7.78
Legalise Cannabis   125 0.39 -0.33
One NZ   17 0.05 +0.01
Mana Māori   4 0.01 0.00
NMP   3 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 303 98
Total Valid votes 31,841 32,194
National hold Majority 3,069 9.64 +5.01

1999 election[edit]

1999 general election: Kaikoura
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Lynda Scott 12,214 38.07 10,688 33.02 -3.18
Labour Brian McNamara 10,728 33.44 11,357 35.09 +12.06
Green Ian Ewen-Street 2,941 9.17 -6.47[c] 2,168 6.70
Alliance Lindsay Mehrtens 2,040 6.36 2,717 8.39 -4.94
NZ First Chris Rivers 1,300 4.05 1,161 3.59 -10.70
ACT Graham James Hewett 1,234 3.85 2,134 6.59 +0.78
Christian Heritage Don Moore 971 3.03 985 3.04
Future NZ Julee Smith-Mischeski 307 0.96 324 1.00
McGillicuddy Serious Rodney Hansen 176 0.55 -0.53 81 0.25 -0.12
Independent Desmond Joseph Bell 120 0.37 0.00
Natural Law Anne Brigid 48 0.15 -0.13 88 0.27 -0.06
Legalise Cannabis   234 0.72 -0.39
United NZ   186 0.57 -0.02
South Island   103 0.32
Libertarianz   64 0.20 +0.19
Animals First   48 0.15 +0.02
One NZ   12 0.04
Mana Māori   4 0.01 0.00
People's Choice   4 0.01
Mauri Pacific   3 0.01
Freedom Movement   2 0.01
NMP   1 0.00
Republican   1 0.00
Informal votes 578 292
Total Valid votes 32,079 32,365
National hold Majority 1,486 4.63 -12.9

1996 election[edit]

1996 general election: Kaikoura[17][18][19]
Notes:

Blue background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member, or other incumbent.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party votes % ±%
National Doug Kidd 13,858 41.09 12,280 36.20
Labour Marian Hobbs 7,946 23.56 7,813 23.03
NZ First Tom Harrison 5,332 15.81 4,849 14.29
Alliance Ian Ewen-Street 5,275 15.64 4,522 13.33
ACT Peter King-Talbot 731 2.17 1,970 5.81
McGillicuddy Serious Rodney Hansen 365 1.08 125 0.37
Independent Desmond Joseph Bell 124 0.37
Natural Law Anne Brigid 94 0.28 112 0.33
Christian Coalition   1,496 4.41
Legalise Cannabis   378 1.11
United NZ   199 0.59
Progressive Green   80 0.24
Animals First   43 0.13
Green Society   25 0.07
Conservatives   8 0.02
Advance New Zealand 6 0.02
Superannuitants & Youth   5 0.01
Libertarianz   5 0.01
Asia Pacific United 3 0.01
Mana Māori   3 0.01
Ethnic Minority Party 0 0.00
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 291 95
Total Valid votes 33,725 33,921
National win new seat Majority 5,912 17.53

Table footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 2014 Internet Mana swing is relative to the votes for Mana in 2011; it shared a party list with Internet in the 2014 election.
  2. ^ Percentage change calculated as a candidate for the Future New Zealand Party in the 1999 election
  3. ^ Percentage change calculated as a candidate for the Alliance Party in the 1996 election

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Profile: Kaikoura". NZ Parliamentary Library. September 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Kaikōura: Electoral Profile". New Zealand Parliament. 30 September 2012. Archived from the original on 21 January 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  3. ^ Report of the Representation Commission 2014 (PDF). Representation Commission. 4 April 2014. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-477-10414-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
  4. ^ "Dr Lynda Scott not seeking re-election" (Press release). New Zealand National Party. Scoop. 21 July 2004. Retrieved 18 October 2010.
  5. ^ "Colin King". New Zealand Parliament. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  6. ^ "Kaikoura MP deselected by National". Stuff.co.nz. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  7. ^ "Election Results – Electorate Status". Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
  8. ^ "Provisional List of Successful Candidates – 2014 General Election – Preliminary Results". Electoral Commission. 21 September 2014. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  9. ^ Bell, Cathie (20 September 2014). "National's Stuart Smith wins Kaikoura". The Marlborough Express. Retrieved 24 September 2014.
  10. ^ Rutherford, Hamish (4 October 2014). "National loses majority, Greens pick up one". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
  11. ^ "Official Count Results – Kaikōura (2017)". Electoral Commission. 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  12. ^ "Official Count Results – Kaikōura". Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
  13. ^ "Official Count Results – Kaikōura". Electoral Commission. 10 December 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  14. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Archived from the original on 10 November 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  15. ^ "Official Count Results – Kaikōura". Electoral Commission. 22 November 2008. Retrieved 25 September 2014.
  16. ^ "Official Count Results – Kaikoura". Electoral Commission. 1 October 2005. Retrieved 4 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place – Kaikoura, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 13 July 2013.
  18. ^ "Part III – Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
  19. ^ "Part III – Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.

External links[edit]