According to the Kojiki, various gods were born from the relationship between Izanagi and Izanami until the fire deity, Kagutsuchi, at birth burned Izanami's genitals and wounded her fatally. Izanagi, witnessing the death of his beloved wife, in rage took the ten-grasp[nb 1] sabre and crushed his child, Kagutsuchi. A number of gods were born from the blood and remains of Kagutsuchi. Subsequently, Izanagi went to the land of Yomi (the world of the dead) to find Izanami, however when he found her, she had become a rotting corpse and from her parts other gods had arisen, causing the flight of Izanagi to the world of the living. Then Izanagi performed the misogi ritual purification through which more gods are born. The last of these are the three most important gods of Shinto: Amaterasu, goddess of the sun; Tsukuyomi, deity of the moon; and Susano'o, god of the sea.
Birth of the gods
After having created the Eight Large Islands (Ōyashima) and other islands during the creation of Japan, Izanagi and Izanami decided to give birth to other gods, among them household deities,[nb 2] deities of the wind, trees and meadows, all born spontaneously:
- Ōkoto-oshi'o (大事忍男神)[nb 3] = Ōgoto-oshi'o, male deity
- Iwatsuchi-biko (石土毘古神),[nb 4] male deity
- Iwasu-hime (石巣比売神), female deity
- Ōtohi-wake (大戸日別神), genderless deity and spirit
- Ame-no-fuki'o (天之吹男神), male deity
- Ōya-biko (大屋毘古神), male deity
- Kazamo-tsuwake-no-oshi'o (風木津別之忍男神), male deity
- Ōwata-tsumi (大綿津見神), genderless deity and spirit
- Haya-'akitsu-hiko (速秋津日子神), male deity
- Haya-'akitsu-hime (ハヤアキツヒコ・ハヤアキツヒメ, 速秋津比売神), female deity
- From the relationship between Haya'akitsuhiko and Haya'akitsuhime the following gods were born:
- Aha-nagi (沫那藝神) = Awa-nagi, male deity
- Aha-nami (沫那美神) = Awa-nami, female deity
- Tsura-nagi (頬那藝神), male deity
- Tsura-nami (頬那美神), female deity
- Ame-no-mikumari (天之水分神), genderless deity and spirit
- Kuni-no-mikumari (国之水分神), genderless deity and spirit
- Ame-no-kuhizamochi (天之久比奢母智神), genderless deity and spirit
- Kuni-no-kuhizamochi (国之久比奢母智神), genderless deity and spirit
- Shina-tsu-hiko (志那都比古神), male deity
- Kukunochi (久久能智神), genderless deity and spirit
- Ohoyama-tsumi/ Ōyama-tsumi (大山津見神, Ohoyama-tsumi/ Ōyama-tsumi -no-kami), male deity - [for his genealogy with Susano'o, please refer to Ōyamatsumi]
- Kaya-no-hime (鹿屋野比売神), also known as No-zuchi (野椎神), female deity
- From the relationship between Ohoyamatsumi and Kaya-no-hime the following gods were born:
- Ame-no-sazuchi (天之狭土神), genderless deity and spirit
- Kuni-no-sazuchi (国之狭土神), genderless deity and spirit
- Ame-no-sagiri (天之狭霧神), genderless deity and spirit
- Kuni-no-sagiri (国之狭霧神), genderless deity and spirit
- Ame-no-kurado (天之闇戸神), genderless deity and spirit
- Kuni-no-kurado (国之闇戸神), genderless deity and spirit
- Ohoto-mato-hiko (大戸惑子神), male deity
- Ohoto-mato-hime (大戸惑女神), female deity
- Tori-no-iwa-kusu-fune (鳥之石楠船神, "Bird's-Rock-Camphor-tree-Boat"),[nb 5] also known as Ame-no-torifune (天鳥船)[nb 6] - genderless deity and spirit
- Ukemochi (大宜都比売神),[nb 7] female deity
- Hi-no-yagi-haya'o (火之夜藝速男神) = Kagu-tsuchi, also known as Hi-no-kaga-biko (火之炫毘古神) and Hi-no-kagu-tsuchi (火之迦具土神), male deity
During Kagutsuchi's birth, Izanami's genitals were burned and she was mortally wounded. In her agony, from her vomit, urine and feces more gods were born.
- Kanayama-biko (金山毘古神), male deity born from the vomit and feces of Izanami
- Kanayama-bime (金山毘売神), female deity born from the vomit and feces of Izanami
- Haniyasu-biko (波邇夜須毘古神), male deity born from the feces of Izanami
- Haniyasu-bime (波邇夜須毘売神) , female deity born from the feces of Izanami
- Mitsuhano-me (彌都波能売神) = Mizuhanome, female deity born from the urine of Izanami
- Wakumusubi (和久産巣日神),[nb 8] = Tori-no-wakumusubi, male deity born from the urine of Izanami
- Wakumusuhi had a daughter:
- 1. Toyo'uke (豊宇気毘売神 [Toyo'uke-bime]), female deity
Death of Kagutsuchi
After the agony, Izanami dies. At the time Izanagi crept moaning about the body and mourned her death. From his tears, the female deity Nakisawame (泣沢女神) was born. Subsequently Izanagi buried Izanami on Mount Hiba. His sadness turned into anger and he decided to kill Kagutsuchi with a ten-grasp[nb 1] sword called Ame-no-ohabari/ (archaic name) Ame-no-wohabari(天之尾羽張, also known as Itsu-no-ohabari/ (archaic name) Itsu-no-wohabari) .
From the blood of Kagutsuchi the following gods emerged:
- Iwasaku (石折神)[nb 9]
- Nesaku (根折神)
- Iwa-tsutsu-no'o (石筒之男神)
- The gods above were born from the blood that fell from the tip of the sword in the rocks.
- Mika-haya-hi (甕速日神)
- Hi-haya-hi (樋速日神)
- Take-mi-kagu-tsuchi-no'o (建御雷之男神), also known as Takefutsu (建布都神) or Toyofutsu (豊布都神)
- The gods above were born from the blood that fell from the blade of the sword.
- Kuraokami (闇淤加美神)
- Kuramitsuha (闇御津羽神)
- The gods above were born from the blood that fell from the handle of the sword.
Also, from the body of Kagutsuchi the following gods were born:
- Masakayama-tsumi (正鹿山津見神), emerged from Kagutsuchi's head;
- Odoyama-tsumi (淤縢山津見神), from the chest;
- Okuyama-tsumi (奥山津見神), from the abdomen;
- Kurayama-tsumi (Kojiki: 闇山津見神) or (Nihon Shiki: 闇山祇), from the genitals;
- Shigiyama-tsumi (志藝山津見神), from the left arm;
- Hayama-tsumi (羽山津見神), from the right arm;
- Harayama-tsumi (原山津見神), from the left foot;
- Toyama-tsumi (Kojiki: 戸山津見神) or (Nihon Shiki: 戸山祇), from the right foot.
Land of Yomi
The countries that you and me have created have not been completed yet. Let us return![nb 10]
Too bad you did not come before, for I have eaten in the country of Yomi! [By eating food in the land of Yomi, one ends up stuck being a resident of Yomi. This concept is called, "Yomotsu Hegui (黄泉戸喫)."] ... however, I will consult with the gods of Yomi. Under no circumstances you may look at me![nb 11]
On saying this, Izanami entered the palace of these gods. However, time passed and she did not return and Izanagi began to despair. So he broke one of the tines of his ornamental comb mizura that he wore in the left bun of his hair, lit it in order to light the place and decided to enter the world of dead. He manages to find Izanami but is surprised to see that she lost her beauty and had become a rotting corpse, covered with maggots. Of her body were born the eight Gods of thunder, which were:
- Ō-ikazuchi (大雷), from the head of Izanami;
- Hono-ikazuchi (火雷), from her chest;
- Kuro-ikazuchi (黒雷), from her abdomen;
- Saku-ikazuchi (折雷), from her genitals;
- Waka-ikazuchi (若雷), from her left arm;
- Tsuchi-ikazuchi (土雷), from her right arm;
- Naru-ikazuchi (鳴雷), from her left foot;
- Fusu-ikazuchi (伏雷), from her right foot.
Izanagi, shocked, decided to return home, but Izanami was embarrassed by his appearance and commanded the Yomotsu-shikome (黄泉 丑女, lit. "horrible women from the world of darkness") to chase Izanagi. In his flight, he took the head-dress from his head, and threw it to the ground where it turned into a bunch of grapes. The Yomotsushikome started to eat them but kept chasing the fleeing Izanagi. So he broke the tine of the comb that he wore in his right bun, and as he threw it to the ground it became bamboo shoots, prompting the Yomotsushikome to eat them and enabling Izanagi to flee.
However, Izanami decided to release the eight gods of thunder and 1,500 warriors from Yomi to continue the pursuit. Izanagi drew and brandished his Totsuka-no-Tsurugi[nb 1] sword to continue his flight. As they pursued him, Izanagi reached the Yomotsu-hirasaka (黄泉比良坂), the slope that descends from the land of the living to Yomi. He took three peaches from a tree that had grown in that place and threw them at his pursuers so that they fled.
Assistance to all people when they are tired and face difficulties.[nb 12]
These peaches were called Ōkamuzumi (意富加牟豆美命, Ōkamuzumi-no-mikoto).
Finally, Izanami persecuted Izanagi, but he lifted a rock that a thousand men could not move and blocked the slope with it. At that moment, their eyes met for the last time.
If you behave in this way, I will strangle and kill one thousand men of your land in one day![nb 13]
If you do this, I will in one day set up 1,500 parturition houses. So in one day indeed 1,000 men will die and indeed 1,500 are going to be born.[nb 14]
These words justified the circle of life and death in humans. For the same reason, Izanami is also called Yomotsu-ōkami (黄泉津大神) or Chishiki-no-ōkami (道敷大神) and the boulder that covers the entrance to the world of the dead is known as Chika'eshi-no-ōkami (道返之大神) or Yomido-no-ōkami (黄泉戸大神) ō and is today known as slope of Ifuya (伊賦夜坂, Ifuya-saka) in Izumo, Shimane Prefecture.
Purification of Izanagi
Leaving Yomi, Izanagi decided to remove all uncleanness in his body through a purification ceremony (misogi) consisting of a bath in the river at Ahakihara in Tachibana no Ono in Tsukushi. As he stripped his clothes and accessories on the floor the following twelve gods are born:
- Tsukitatsu-funato (衝立船戸神) = Chimata no Kami, emerges from the staff;
- Michi-no-nagachiha (道之長乳歯神), from the obi;
- Tokihakashi (時量師神), from the handbag;
- Wazurai-no-ushi (和豆良比能宇斯能神),[nb 15] from cloths;
- Michi-mata (道俣神), from the hakama;
- Akiguhi-no-ushi (飽咋之宇斯能神), from the crown corona;
- Oki-zakaru (奥疎神), from the armband of the left hand;
- Okitsu-nagisa-biko (奥津那芸佐毘古神), from the armband of the left hand;
- Okitsu-kaibera (奥津甲斐弁羅神),[nb 16] from the armband of the left hand;
- He-zakaru (辺疎神), from the armband of the right hand;
- Hetsu-nagisa-biko (辺津那芸佐毘古神), from the armband of the right hand;
- Hetsu-kaibera (辺津甲斐弁羅神), from the armband of the right hand;
Subsequently Izanagi is stripped of impurities from the land of Yomi. In this moment two gods were born:
Then, shaking off the curse, three gods were born:
Then, when washing with water the lower parts of his body, two gods were born;
When washing the middle of his body, two more gods were born:
Finally, washing the upper part of his body, two more gods were born:
The trio of Sokotsu-watatsumi, Nakatsu-watatsumi and Uwatsu-watatsumi make up the group of deities called Sanjin Watatsumi, or the gods of water. The trio of Sokotsutsuno'o, Nakatsutsuno'o and Uhatsutsuno'o make up the Sumiyoshi Sanjin group of deities, gods of fishing and sea, to whom tribute is paid at Sumiyoshi Taisha.
In the last step of the purification ceremony, Izanagi washed his left eye from which the female deity Amaterasu Ōmikami (天照大御神) was born; washed his right eye from which the genderless deity and spirit Tsukuyomi-no-mikoto (月読命) was born; and when washing his nose from which the male deity Takehaya-susano'o-no-mikoto (建速須佐之男命) = commonly known as Susano'o was born.
With these three gods called Mihashira-no-uzu-no-miko (三貴子, ”Three precious children”), Izanagi ordered their investiture. Amaterasu received the mandate to govern Takamagahara and a necklace of jewels called Mikuratanano-no-kami (御倉板挙之神) from Izanagi. Tsukuyomi is mandated to govern over the Dominion of the Night, and Takehaya-susano'o (建速須佐之男命) = Susano'o is to rule the seas.
- A "grasp" is the breadth of four fingers when the hand is clenched.
- Despite the existence of the Japanese article, Katakurokushin (家宅六神) usually refers to Chinese deities and extending the term to Japanese gods has no long history or has any appreciably wide acceptance.
- Chamberlain: Ohokotooshio
- Chamberlain: Ihatsuchibiko
- Chamberlain: Tori-no-ihakusubune
- Probably also a boat; ridden by Takemikazuchi
- Chamberlain: Ohogetsuhime
- Chamberlain: Ihasaku
- 「あなたと一緒に創った国土はまだ完成していません。帰りましょう。」. Kojiki
- 「黄泉の国の食べ物を食べてしまったので、生き返ることはできません」「黄泉神と相談しましょう。お願いですから、私の姿は見ないで下さいね。」. Kojiki
- 「人々が困っている時に助けてくれ」. Kojiki
- 「私はこれから毎日、一日に千人ずつ殺そう」. Kojiki
- 「それなら私は人間が決して滅びないよう、一日に千五百人生ませよう」. Kojiki
- Chamberlain: Wazurahinoushi
- Chamberlain: Okitsukahibera
- Chamberlain: Uhatsuwatatsumi
- Chamberlain, Basil Hall (2008). The Kojiki: Japanese Records of Ancient Matters. Forgotten Books. ISBN 978-1-60506-938-8. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
- "Génesis del mundo y aparición de los primeros dioses" [Genesis of the world and appearance of the first gods] (PDF) (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-11-10.