Karas language

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Karas
Kalamang
RegionWest Papua
Native speakers
100 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3kgv
Glottologkara1499[2]
Karas is located in Western New Guinea
Karas
Karas
Karas is located in Indonesia
Karas
Karas
Karas is located in Southeast Asia
Karas
Karas
Coordinates: 3°28′S 132°41′E / 3.47°S 132.68°E / -3.47; 132.68

Karas is a divergent Trans–New Guinea language spoken on the biggest of the Karas Islands off the Bomberai Peninsula, that appears to be most closely related to the West Bomberai languages. It is spoken in Antalisa and Mas villages on Karas Island.[3]

Pronouns[edit]

Cowan (1953) records the following pronouns for Karas.

SG DU PL
1 aan inir piridok (exc.)
aantemu (?) (inc.)
2 kame ? kijumene
3 mame mjeir mubameir

Visser (2016) records the following pronouns for Karas of Maas village:

Free nominative
SG DU PL
1 an pi-er, in-ier pi, in
2 ka ki-er ki
3 ma m-ier mu
  
Free possessive
SG PL
1 aŋ-gon iŋ-gon
2 ka-in ki-n
3 ma-in mu-in
  
Possessive suffix
SG PL
1 -an -pe, -p-in
2 -tʃa -tʃe
3 -un -un

Speakers deny that the difference between the two 1pl forms is clusivity, pace Cowan. The free possessives and possessive suffixes can occur together.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in danger". www.unesco.org. Retrieved 2018-08-18.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kalamang". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Eberhard, David M.; Simons, Gary F.; Fennig, Charles D., eds. (2019). "Indonesia languages". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (22nd ed.). Dallas: SIL International.
  4. ^ New Guinea World, Kalamang

External links[edit]

  • Timothy Usher, New Guinea World, Kalamang