|• Governor||Stepan Sargsyan|
|• Total||3,377 km2 (1,304 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 1st|
|• Rank||Ranked 6th|
|• Density||2.9/km2 (7.4/sq mi)|
Kashatagh Province (Armenian: Քաշաթաղի շրջան Kashat'aghi shrjan) was a province of the self-proclaimed Republic of Artsakh, de jure part of the Republic of Azerbaijan. It is the largest province by area (3,376.60 km2). The population as of 2013 was 9,656. Its capital is Lachin (Berdzor).
Kashatagh Region has 54 communities of which 3 are considered urban and 51 are rural.
The territory of the Kashatagh Province was part of the Syunik Province of the Kingdom of Armenia. In the Middle Ages, the area was under the control of the Armenian Melikdoms of Karabakh. The territory remained predominantly Armenian up until the Russian-Persian wars and the South Caucasus invasion of the Ottoman army in the 18th century. Russian forces managed to invade the Caspian provinces of Persia, and in 1723 while simultaneously fighting the Afghans in the east and Turks in the west, Persia was forced to cede the Caspian provinces to the Russian empire.
Kovsakan is the second largest city in Kashatagh Province after the city of Berdzor. Mher Arakelyan from the ARF Dashnaktsutyun, Razmik Mirzoyan, non-partisan, and Hrach Manucharyan were competing in the mayoral election to be held in June 2008.
From 1 December 2020, the majority of the Kashatagh Province was taken over by Azerbaijan, with the exception of the Lachin corridor containing the localities of Lachin/Berdzor, Sus and Zabux/Aghavno, controlled by the Russian peacekeepers.
The Kashatagh Province has the highest birth rate in the entire Caucasus region. The birth rate was measured at 29.3 per 1,000 in 2010. On the other hand, the Russian republic of Chechnya, which had a birth rate of 28.9 per 1,000 in 2011 could manage only the second spot.
- Birth Rate: 29.3 per 1,000
- Death Rate: 3.4 per 1,000
- Natural Growth: 2.60% per year
Resettlement of Syrian refugees
By June 2015, an estimated 17,000 of Syria's once 80,000-strong Armenian population had fled the civil war and sought refuge in Armenia. David Babayan, spokesperson of the Karabakh Armenian leader Bako Sahakyan, confirmed that some of those refugees had been resettled in Nagorno-Karabakh. In December 2014, Armenian media cited local municipal authorities in stating that "dozens of Syrian Armenian families" had been resettled in Nagorno-Karabakh's Kashatagh Province, specifically the city of Lachin and the village of Xanlıq (called Ishkhanadzor by Armenians). 38 families, some 200 Syrian-Armenian refugees have resettled in the area.
- 2005 NKR Census Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
- "Kashatagh: Retaking and rebuilding a "third" Armenia in old Lachin". www.armeniandiaspora.com.
- "Karabakh News". Archived from the original on 2007-08-26. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
- Nana Martirosyan. Давид Бабаян: Армения и Арцах приняли сирийских беженцев, исходя из гуманитарных принципов. ArmInfo. 3 June 2015.
- ПОСЕЛИВШИЕСЯ В АРЦАХЕ СИРИЙСКИЕ АРМЯНЕ ГОВОРЯТ О СВОИХ ЧАЯНИЯХ. NKR News. 26 December 2014.