Khwaja Baqi Billah
|Part of a series on Islam|
Hazrat Khwāja Muhammad Bāqī Billāh Berang Naqshbandī Ahrārī Dihlawī quddisa sirruhū
|Born||14 July 1564|
|Died||29 November 1603 (aged 39)|
|Main interest(s)||Implementation of Islamic Law, Islamic Statehood|
|Notable idea(s)||Evolution of Islamic philosophy, Application of Sharia|
Khwaja Baqi Billah was the originator and pioneer of the Naqshbandi Order in the sub-continent. His name was Razi-ud-Din Muhammad Baqi but he was commonly known as Khwaja Baqi Billah. His father Qāzī Abd as-Salām Samarqandī was a scholar and saint of Kabul. Khwaja Baqi Billah was born in Kabul in 1564 A.D.(5 Zil-Hajj 971 A.H.) His lineage reaches Khwaja Ubaid Ullah Ahrar through his maternal grandfather. He was named by his parents “Muhammad al-Bāqī” and later became popular with the name “Bāqī Billāh”. His takhallus (pen name) was "Berang" (which literally means colorless or transparent).
Naqshbandi chain Naqshbandi Sufis claim that Khwaja Baqi Billah is descended from a long line of "spiritual masters" all the way up to prophet Muhammad.
- Muhammad, d. 11 AH, buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia (570/571–632 CE)
- Abu Bakr, d. 13 AH, buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia
- Salman al-Farsi, d. 35 AH, buried in Madaa'in, Saudi Arabia
- Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr, d. 107 AH, buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
- Jafar Sadiq, d. 148 AH, buried in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
- Bayazid Bastami, d. 261 AH, buried in Bastaam, Iran (804 - 874 CE).
- Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani, d. 425 AH, buried Kharqaan, Iran.
- Abul Qasim Gurgani, d. 450 AH, buried in Gurgan, Iran.
- Abu Ali Farmadi, d. 477 AH, buried in Tous, Khorasan, Iran.
- Abu Yaqub Yusuf Hamadani, d. 535 AH, buried in Maru, Khorosan, Iran.
- Abdul Khaliq Ghujdawani, d. 575 AH, buried in Ghajdawan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
- Arif Reogari, d. 616 AH, buried in Reogar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
- Mahmood Anjir-Faghnawi, d. 715 AH, buried in Waabakni, Mawarannahr, Uzbekistan.
- Azizan Ali Ramitani, d. 715 AH, buried in Khwarezm, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
- Muhammad Baba Samasi, d. 755 AH, buried in Samaas, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
- Amir Kulal, d. 772 AH, buried in Saukhaar, Bukhara, Uzbekistan.
- Muhammad Baha'uddin Naqshband, d. 791 AH, buried in Qasr-e-Aarifan, Bukhara, Uzbekistan (1318–1389 CE).
- Ala'uddin Attar Bukhari, buried in Jafaaniyan, Mawranahar, Uzbekistan.
- Yaqub Charkhi, d. 851 AH, buried in Tajikistan
- Ubaidullah Ahrar, d. 895 AH, buried in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
- Muhammad Zahid Wakhshi, d. 936 AH, buried in Wakhsh, Malk Hasaar, Tajikistan
- Durwesh Muhammad, d. 970 AH, buried in Samarkand, Uzbekistan
- Muhammad Amkanagi, d. 1008 AH, buried in Akang, Bukhara, Uzbekistan
- Razi ūd-Dīn Muhammad Baqī Billah, d. 1012 AH, buried in Delhi, India
- "Article on KhwajaBaqi Billah". Retrieved 2009-11-15.
- "HAZRAT KHAWAJA BAQI BILLAH R.A". Retrieved 2009-11-16.
- Ellison Banks Findly (Feb 1993). Nur Jahan, empress of Mughal India. Oxford University Press. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-19-507488-8.
- Malika Mohammada (2007). The foundations of the composite culture in India. p. 181. ISBN 978-81-89833-18-3.
- "Article on KhwajaBaqi Billah".