19th District of Budapest
Budapest XIX. kerülete
Location of District XIX in Budapest (shown in grey)
|Established||1 January 1950|
|• Mayor||Péter Gajda (MSZP)|
|• Total||9.38 km2 (3.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||6,474/km2 (16,770/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||tizenkilencedik kerületi ("19th districter")|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
1191 ... 1196
Kispest (lit. Little Pest) is the 19th (XIX) district of Budapest, Hungary. It lies south-southeast of the historical Pest city. It was founded in 1871 on rural land as a village at the borderline of Pest, so it was named Kispest.
From 1880 to 1990 Kispest's population increased from 1820 to 72,838. Kispest became part of Greater Budapest in 1950. When the Soviet troops re-entered Budapest to subdue the civil uprising in October/November 1956, they approached the city centre from the south-east, up the Üllői Street, with some of the first street clashes taking place in Kispest.
The huge panel housing estate (Kispest microdistrict) was built between the 1960s and the 1980s (12,100 flats, c. 33,000 inhabitants, making it the sixth-biggest housing estate/microraion in Budapest).
Wekerletelep is Kispest's suburb with detached houses and green areas. It was named after the Hungarian premier at the time of the development in the 1900s, Sándor Wekerle. Its central square, Főtér, has two characteristic architectural gateways designed by the architect Károly Kós and based on Transylvanian building style. In May every year a festival called Wekerle Days (Hu: Wekerle Napok) takes place. This involves fun run, sports events, concerts and various other cultural and family oriented programss for all age groups.
The district is served by the Metro 3 (Kőbánya-Kispest and Határ út stations), so there is direct connection with the city center. Határ út underground station is the third-busiest in the city (after Deák Square and Örs vezér tere) with an estimated 40,000 passengers using it (often twice) on a typical workday.
List of mayors
|Katalin Steinerné Török||MSZP||2002–2006|
A panel block next to Kőbánya-Kispest metro station
- "94/2012. (XII. 27.) Főv. Kgy. rendelet - a közterület- és városrésznevek megállapításáról, azok jelöléséről, valamint a házszám-megállapítás szabályairól" (in Hungarian).
- "A fővárosi kerületek, a megyei jogú városok, a városok területe, lakónépessége és a lakások száma" [The area of districts of the capital, of the towns with county's rights, resident population and number of dwellings]. Magyarország közigazgatási helynévkönyve 2016. január 1 [Gazetteer of Hungary 1st January, 2016] (PDF). Hungarian Central Statistical Office. 2016. p. 21.
- History of Kispest (Hungarian) Archived 2009-05-21 at the Wayback Machine
- Historical population of Kispest (Hungarian Central Statistical Office)
- Housing estates of Budapest (Index.hu, Hungarian)