Korwa language

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Korwa
Koraku
Native toIndia
EthnicityKorwa (75%), Kodaku (25%)
Native speakers
28,453 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
ksz – Kodaku
kfp – Korwa
Glottologkoda1256[2]

Korwa, or Kodaku/Koraku (Korku), is a Munda language of India.

Existing Korwa linguistic documentation includes Bahl (1962), which is based on the Korwa dialect of Dumertoli village, Bagicha Block, Tehsil Jashpurnagar, Raigarh District, Chhattisgarh (then administered as part of Madhya Pradesh).

Varieties[edit]

Korwa is a dialect continuum. The two principal varieties are Korwa (Korba) and Koraku (Kodaku), spoken by the Korwa and Kodaku people. The Kodaku in Jharkhand call their language "Korwa". Both speak Sadri, Kurukh, or Chhattisgarhi as a second language, or in the case of Sadri sometimes as their first language.

Gregory Anderson (2008:195) lists the following locations for Korowa and Koraku.

According to Singh & Danda (1986:1), "a Kodaku is very clear about the differences between himself and the Korwa and a clear-cut distinction is made when a Korwa asks a Kodaku about his tribe, and vice versa."

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kodaku–Korwa". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Anderson, Gregory D.S (ed). 2008. The Munda languages. Routledge Language Family Series 3.New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-32890-X.
  • Bahl, Kali Charan. 1962. Korwa Lexicon. m.s., 148pp.
  • Singh, Bageshwar and Ajit K. Danda. 1986. The Kodaku of Surguja. Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India.