Krasukha (electronic warfare system)
Krasukha-2/4 at Engineering Technologies 2014
|Type||Electronic Counter Measure system|
|Place of origin||Russia|
|Used by||Russian Federation|
|Manufacturer||KRET corporation, |
BAZ (for wheeled platform of Krasukha-4)
|Variants||1L269 Krasukha-2 |
The Krasukha (Russian: Красуха; English: Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade) is a Russian mobile, ground-based, electronic warfare (EW) system. This system is produced by the KRET corporation on different wheeled platforms. The Krasukha's primary targets are airborne radio-electronics (such as UAVs) and airborne systems guided by radar. The Krasukha has multiple applications in the Russian Armed Forces.
The Krasukha-2 is intended to jam AWACS at ranges of up to 250 kilometres (160 mi). The Krasukha-2 is also able to jam other airborne radars, such as radar guided missiles. The missiles, once jammed, are then provided a false target away from the original to ensure that the missiles are no longer a threat. The Krasukha-2 guards mobile high priority targets such as the 9K720 Iskander SRBM.
The Krasukha-4 broadband multifunctional jamming station is mounted on a BAZ-6910-022 four-axle-chassis. Like the Krasukha-2, the Krasukha-4 counters AWACS and other airborne radar systems. The Krasukha-4 has the range effectively to disrupt low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites and can cause permanent damage to targeted radio-electronic devices. Ground based radars are also a viable target for the Krasukha-4.
Reportedly, Krasukha is operating around the Russian military base at Gyumri in Armenia to counter the use by Azerbaijan of Turkish-made Bayraktar armed drones as well as Israel-made Harop loitering munition (suicide drones).
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- Axe, David (21 October 2017). "The jammer can disrupt an enemy's own signals, potentially preventing ground-based controllers from steering their drones via satellite". Vice News.
Russia deployed Krasukha systems to Syria in an effort to form a sort of electronic shield over Russian and allied forces in the country.
- Varfolomeeva, Anna (1 May 2018). "Signaling strength: Russia's real Syria success is electronic warfare against the US". The Defense Post. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- OSCE. "Latest from the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM), based on information received as of 19:30, 10 August 2018". osce.org. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
- Bryen, Stephen (26 October 2020). "Russia knocking Turkish drones from Armenian skies". Asia Times. Retrieved 26 October 2020.