Community development block
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||273.19 km2 (105.48 sq mi)|
|Elevation||17 m (56 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|• Total literates||201,405 (71.45%)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-51, WB-52|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Krishnanagar|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Krishnanagar Uttar, Krishnanagar Dakshin|
Bhaluka, a constituent panchayat in this block, is located at.
Krishnanagar I CD Block is bounded by Krishnanagar II and Chapra CD Blocks in the north, Krishnaganj and Hanskhali CD Blocks in the east, Santipur CD Block in the south and Nabadwip CD Block in the west.
Nadia district is mostly alluvial plains lying to the east of Hooghly River, locally known as Bhagirathi. The alluvial plains are cut across by such distributaries as Jalangi, Churni and Ichhamati. With these rivers getting silted up, floods are a recurring feature.
Krishnnagar I CD Block has an area of 273.19 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 12 gram panchayats, 236 gram sansads (village councils), 92 mouzas and 87 inhabited villages. Krishnanagar police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Ruipukur.
As per the 2011 Census of India, Krishnagar I CD Block had a total population of 314,833, of which 285,855 were rural and 28,948 were urban. There were 162,086 (51%) males and 152,747 (49%) females. The population below 6 years of age was 32,969. Scheduled Castes numbered 113,204 (35.96%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 16,019 (5.09%).
As per the 2001 census, Krishnanagar I block had a total population of 280,254, out of which 144,462 were males and 135,792 were females. Krishnagar I block registered a population growth of 25.13 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 19.51 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Krishnanagar I CD Block were (2011 census figures in brackets): Hara Nagar (4,137), Rui Pukur (P) (7,823), Simul Tala (4,936), Sabarna Behar (15,461), Amghata (8,037), Usidpur (5,847), Bhaluka (14,653), Dignagar (6,023), Itla (6,097), Jahangirpur (6,144), Krishnanagar (P) (13,640), Naldaha (6,447), Kulgachhi (5,003), Jatrapur (6,464), Dogachhi (P) (7,012), Jalalkhali (8,251), Dakshinjhitkipota (8,816), Durgapur (4,929), Senpur (7,286), Asannagar (12,794), Dafarpota (9,295) and Bhimpur (8,057).
Other villages in Krishnanagar I CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Bhandarkhola (3,992), Poragachha (2,133), Chakdignagar (1,548) and Joania (2,065).
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Krishnanagar I CD Block was 201,405 (71.45% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 111,272 (76.50% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 90,133 (66.08% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 10.42%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Karimpur I – 67.70%|
|Karimpur II – 62.04%|
|Tehatta I – 70.72%|
|Tehatta II – 68.52%|
|Krishnanagar Sadar subdivision|
|Kaliganj – 65.89%|
|Nakashipara – 64.86%|
|Chapra – 68.25%|
|Krishnanagar I – 71.45%|
|Krishnanagar II – 68.52%|
|Nabadwip – 67.72%|
|Krishnaganj – 72.86%|
|Hanskhali – 80.11%|
|Santipur – 73.10%|
|Ranaghat I – 77.61%|
|Ranaghat II – 79.38%|
|Chakdaha – 64.17%|
|Haringhata – 82.15%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise|
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
According to the District Census Handbook, Nadia, 2011 census, as of 2001, Bengali was the mother-tongue of 97.9% of the population of Nadia district district, followed by Hindi (1.1%), Santali (0.3%), Sadan/ Sadri (0.2%), Kurukh/ Oraon (0.1%), Telugu (0.1%) and other languges 0.3%.
According to the West Bengal Official Language Act 1961 and the West Bengal Official Language (Amendment Act) 2012, the Bengali language is to be used for official purposes in the whole of West Bengal. In addition to Bengali, the Nepali language is to be used for official purposes in the three hills subdivisions, namely Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Kurseong, in the district of Darjeeling, and Urdu is to be used for official purposes in district/subdivision/ block/ municipality where the population speaking Urdu exceeds 10% of the total population. The English language will continue to be used for official purposes as it was being used prior to the enactment of these laws.
The West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2012, included Hindi, Santhali, Odiya and Punjabi as official languages if it is spoken by a population exceeding 10 per cent of the whole in a particular block or sub-division or a district. Subsequently, Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi and Kurmali were also included in the list of minority languages by the West Bengal Official Language (Second Amendment) Bill, 2018. However, as of 2020, there is no official / other reliable information about the areas covered. Census 2011 provides language data only at the district and above level.
In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 260,607 and formed 82.78% of the population in Krishnanagar I CD Block. Muslims numbered 47,998 and formed 15.25% of the population. Christians numbered 2,482 and formed 0.79% of the population. Others numbered 3,746 and formed 1.18% of the population. In the 2001 census, Hindus numbered 311,840 and formed 77.09% of the combined population of Krisnanagar I and Krishnanagar II CD Blocks. Muslims numbered 90,806 and formed 22.45% of the combined population. In the 1991 census, Hindus numbered 255,189 and formed 77.32% of the combined population of Krishnanagar I and Krishnanagar II CD Blocks. Muslims numbered 73,355 and formed 22.23% of the combined population.
The District Human Development Report for Nadia has provided a CD Block-wise data table for Modified Human Vulnerability Index of the district. Krishnanagar I CD Block registered 34.97 on the MHPI scale. The CD Block-wise mean MHVI was estimated at 33.92. A total of 8 out of the 17 CD Blocks in Nadia district were found to be severely deprived when measured against the CD Block mean MHVI - Karimpur I and Karimpur II (under Tehatta subdivision), Kaliganj, Nakashipara, Chapra, Krishnanagar I and Nabadwip (under Krishnanagar Sadar subdivision) and Santipur (under Ranaghat subdivision) appear to be backward.
As per the Human Development Report 2004 for West Bengal, the rural poverty ratio in Nadia district was 28.35%. The estimate was based on Central Sample data of NSS 55th round 1999-2000.
In Krishnanagar I CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 16.52%, agricultural labourers 32.80%, household industry workers 11.47% and other workers 39.21%.
The southern part of Nadia district starting from Krishnanagar I down to Chakdaha and Haringhata has some urban pockets specialising in either manufacturing or service related economic activity and has reflected a comparatively higher concentration of population but the urban population has generally stagnated. Nadia district still has a large chunk of people living in the rural areas.
There are 87 inhabited villages in Krishnanagar I CD Block. 100% villages have power supply and drinking water supply. 20 Villages (22.99%) have post offices. 84 villages (96.55%) have telephones (including landlines, public call offices and mobile phones). 54 villages (62.07%) have a pucca approach road and 53 villages (60.92%) have transport communication (includes bus service, rail facility and navigable waterways). 17 villages (19.54%) have agricultural credit societies and 16 villages (18.39%) have banks. It should, however, be noted that although 100% villages in Nadia district had power supply in 2011, a survey in 2007-08 revealed that less than 50% of households had electricity connection. In rural areas of the country, the tube well was for many years considered to be the provider of safe drinking water, but with arsenic contamination of ground water claiming public attention it is no longer so. Piped water supply is still a distant dream. In 2007-08, the availability of piped drinking water in Nadia district was as low as 8.6%, well below the state average of around 20%.
Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants. Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Krishnanagar I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 6.07%, patta (document) holders 9.37%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 5.41%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 24.81% and agricultural labourers 54.34%. As the proportion of agricultural labourers is very high, the real wage in the agricultural sector has been a matter of concern.
In 2013-14, Krishnanagar I CD Block produced 42,037 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 15,162 hectares, 23,789 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 6,251 hectares, 7,457 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 3,370 hectares, 3,940 tonnes of wheat from 1,241 hectares, 115,649 tonnes of jute from 7,069 hectares, 6,246 tonnes of potatoes from 40 hectares and 1,904 tonnes of sugar cane from 19 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Krishnanagar I CD Block was 2,347 hectares, out of which 437 hectares were irrigated by river lift irrigation, 1,880 hectares by deep tube wells and 30 hectares by shallow tube wells.
Krihnanagar I CD Block has 2 ferry services and 4 originating/ terminating bus services.
NH 14, SH 3 running from Krishnanagar (in Nadia district) to Gosaba (in South 24 Pargananas sitrict) and SH 8, running from Majhdia (in Nadia district) to Santaldih (in Purulia district) pass through this block.
In 2013-14, Krishnanagar I CD Block had 177 primary schools with 12,937 students, 13 middle schools with 1,678 students, 5 high school with 4,602 students and 18 higher secondary schools with 26,967 students. Krishnanagar I CD Block had 1 general college with 1,212 students, 5 technical/ professional institutions with 624 students and 604 institutions for special and non-formal education with 17,119 students
In Krishnanagar CD Block, amongst the 87 inhabited villages, 4 villages did not have any school, 52 had more than 1 primary school, 35 had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 16 had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.
In 2014, Krishnanagar I CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 50 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 29 family welfare subcentres. 4,118 patients were treated indoor and 140,199 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.
Bishnupur Rural Hospital, with 30 beds at Bishnupur, is the major government medical facility in the Krishnanagr I CD block. There are primary health centres at Asannagar (with10 beds) and Bhaluka (with 6 beds).
Krishnanagar I CD Block is one of the areas of Nadia district where ground water is affected by moderate level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. All the 17 blocks of Nadia district have arsenic contamination above this level. The maximum concentration in Krishnanagar I CD Block is 229 mg/litre.
Krishnanagar travel guide from Wikivoyage
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