Kurdish melodies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

"Kurdish melodies" (Armenian: Քրդական եղանակներ, romanizedK'rdakan yeghanakner, lit. 'Kurdish melodies',[1][2] Kurdish: Awazên Kurdî[3]) is a collection of Kurdish folk songs collected and transcribed by Armenian composer Komitas during field work among Kurds and published in December 1903.[4] Despite collecting a large amount of Kurdish melodies, most of them were lost and Kurdish melodies became the only publication of Kurdish songs by Komitas.[5][6] Kurdish melodies would consequently become the first publication of Kurdish music.[4]

Work[edit]

In his transcription, Komitas stayed loyal to the authentic structure of the songs and kept the unique Kurdish melodic structure.[7] Most of the songs were epic songs.[8] Komitas aspired to write down, preserve and make available the musical national heritage of the Kurdish people. For this, he sought to rest on authenticity. Moreover, he was keen on not collecting songs from the cities since these were corrupted and therefore spent most of his time in villages among locals.[6] He began collecting Kurdish songs in the mid-1800s before returning to Echmiadzin in 1899.[9]

The songs were collected around Mount Ararat.[10]

Songs[edit]

The thirteen songs that comprises Kurdish melodies:[2][11]

  1. Ghandili Siapusch (Armenian: Ղանդիլի Սիափուշ)
  2. Lelil Medjnum (Kurdish: Leyla û Mecnûn‎, Armenian: Լեյլի Մէջնում)
  3. Djanbalie (Armenian: Ջամբալիէ)
  4. Hasan Agha (Armenian: Հասամ աղա)
  5. Mirza Agha (Armenian: Միրզա աղա)
  6. Khullekh Giaro I (Armenian: Քուլլըք Գեարօ)
  7. Khullekh Giaro II (Armenian: Քուլլըք Գեարօ)
  8. Mamzin (Kurdish: Mem û Zîn‎, Armenian: Մամզին)
  9. Darwischi Awdi (Kurdish: Dewrêşê Evdî‎, Armenian: Դարվիշի Աւդի)
  10. Sewahadje (Armenian: Սեւահաջէ)
  11. Hamede Schange (Armenian: Համըդէ Շանգե)
  12. Hame Musa (Armenian: Համէ Մուսէ)
  13. Sairan (Kurdish: Seyran‎, Armenian: Սէյրան)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "K'rdakan eghanakner = Mélodies kurdes / recueillies par Archimandrite Comitas" (PDF) (in French, Kurdish, and Armenian). Moscow: 1–12. Retrieved 25 March 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b Geodakyan, G.; Atayan, R., eds. (2006). Հայ ժողովրդական և աշուղական երգեր, նվագներ: Թուրքական երգեր, քրդական երգեր և նվագներ: Գիրք Զ (in Armenian). Yerevan: Gitutyun. p. 117. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Konferansek li ser Komitas". Yeni Özgür Politika (in Kurdish). 23 April 2019. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  4. ^ a b Sylvia Angelique Alajaji (2015). Music and the Armenian Diaspora: Searching for Home in Exile. Indiana University Press. p. 168. ISBN 9780253017765.
  5. ^ Anna Asatryan (2019). "Komitas and the ways of development of Armenian music (to the 150th anniversary of Komitas)" (PDF) (in English, Armenian, and Russian). Retrieved 25 March 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ a b Vrej Nersessian (2019). Essays On Armenian Music. London: Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 978-1135879419.
  7. ^ "Mélodies kurdes" (PDF) (in English, French, Kurdish, and Armenian). Tipo-Litografia Armena. April 1982: 6. Retrieved 25 March 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ Hasmik Barkhudaryan. "Komitas and the music of nations". Regional Post. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  9. ^ Weekly News Bulletin. USSR Society for cultural relations with foreign countries. 1928. p. 5. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
  10. ^ Խաչիկ Սամուելյան (2010). "կոմիտասի կեանքի եւ գործունեութեան տարեգրութիւնից" (PDF) (in Armenian): 116. Retrieved 25 March 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ "Komitas Vartabet û muzîka kurdî" (PDF) (in Kurdish). Şemamok. 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2020.

Further reading[edit]