Later Zhao

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Later Zhao (後趙)
Later Zhao in the northern China
Capital Xiangguo (319-335, 350-351)
Yecheng (335-350)
Government Monarchy
 •  319-333 Shi Le
 •  333-334 Shi Hong
 •  334-349 Shi Hu
 •  349 Shi Zun
 •  349-350 Shi Jian
 •  350-351 Shi Zhi
 •  Established 319
 •  Destruction of Han Zhao 329
 •  Shi Le's claim of imperial title 330
 •  Shi Hu's seizing the throne from Shi Hong 335
 •  Ran Min's establishment of Ran Wei 350
 •  Disestablished 351
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Han Zhao
Jin Dynasty (265-420)
Ran Wei
Former Qin
Former Yan
Jin Dynasty (265-420)

The Later Zhao (simplified Chinese: 后赵; traditional Chinese: 後趙; pinyin: Hòuzhào; 319-351) was a state of the Sixteen Kingdoms during the Jin Dynasty (265-420) in China. It was founded by the Shi family of the Jie ethnicity. The Later Zhao was the second in territories to the Former Qin that once unified Northern China under Fu Jiān.

When Later Zhao was founded by Shi Le,[1] the capital was at Xiangguo (襄國, in modern Xingtai, Hebei), but in 335 Shi Hu moved the capital to Yecheng (鄴城, in modern Handan, Hebei), where it would remain for the rest of the state's history (except for Shi Zhi's brief attempt to revive the state at Xiangguo).

Rulers of the Later Zhao[edit]

Temple names Posthumous names Family names and given name Durations of reigns Era names and their according durations
Chinese convention: use family and given names
Gaozu (高祖 Gāozǔ) Ming (明 míng) Shi Le (石勒 Shí Lè) 319-333 Zhaowang (趙王 Zhàowáng) 319-328
Taihe (太和 Tàihé) 328-330
Jianping (建平 Jiànpíng) 330-333
Did not exist Prince of Haiyang (海陽王 Hǎiyáng wáng) Shi Hong (石弘 Shí Hóng) 333-334 Yanxi (延熙 Yánxī) 334
Taizu (太祖 Tàizǔ) Wu (武 Wǔ) Shi Hu (石虎 Shí Hǔ) 334-349 Jianwu (建武 Jiànwǔ) 335-349
Taining (太寧 Tàiníng) 349
Did not exist Prince of Qiao (譙王 Qiáo wáng) Shi Shi (石世 Shí Shì) 33 days in 349 Taining (太寧 Tàiníng) 33 days in 349
Did not exist Prince of Pengcheng (彭城王 Péngchéng wáng) Shi Zun (石遵 Shí Zūn) 183 days in 349 Taining (太寧 Tàiníng) 183 days in 349
Did not exist Prince of Yiyang (義陽王 Yìyáng wáng) Shi Jian (石鑒 Shí Jiàn) 103 days within 349-350 Qinglong (青龍 Qīnglóng) 103 days within 349-350
Did not exist Prince of Xinxing (新興王 Xīnxīng wáng) Shi Zhi (石祗 Shí Zhī) 350-351 Yongning (永寧 Yǒngníng) 350-351

Rulers family tree[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes. Rutgers University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9.