Looking down Main Street
Location of Latrobe in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania
|Incorporated (borough)||May 24, 1854|
|• Type||City council|
|• Mayor||Rosemarie M. Wolford|
|• Total||2.32 sq mi (6.00 km2)|
|• Land||2.32 sq mi (6.00 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)|
|Elevation||997 ft (304 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,380.83/sq mi (1,305.60/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
The city population was 8,338 as of the 2010 census (9,265 in 1990). It is located near Pennsylvania's scenic Chestnut Ridge. Latrobe was incorporated as a borough in 1854, and as a city in 1999. The current mayor is Rosemarie M. Wolford.
Latrobe is the home of Saint Vincent Archabbey, the Latrobe Brewery (the original brewer of Rolling Rock beer), and Saint Vincent College. Latrobe was the home of golfer Arnold Palmer. It was the childhood home of children's television personality Fred Rogers. The banana split was invented there by David Strickler in 1904. Latrobe is also home to the training camp of the Pittsburgh Steelers. Latrobe was long recognized as the site of the first professional American football game in 1895 until research proved otherwise.
In 1852, Oliver Barnes (a civil engineer for the Pennsylvania Railroad) laid out the plans for the community that was incorporated in 1854 as the Borough of Latrobe. Barnes named the town for his best friend and college classmate, Benjamin Latrobe, who was a civil engineer for the B&O Railroad. (His father, Benjamin Henry Latrobe, was the architect who rebuilt the United States Capitol in Washington, DC, after the War of 1812.)
Its location along the route of the Pennsylvania Railroad helped Latrobe develop into a significant industrial hub. Latrobe was also served by the Ligonier Valley Railroad from 1877 to 1952.
Two interurban (long-distance trolley) lines served Latrobe:
- The Westmoreland County Railway Company connected Latrobe to Derry and operated from 1904 to 1932.
- The Latrobe Street Railway Company connected Latrobe to Kingston and began operations in 1900. This line was purchased by West Penn Railways, which eventually linked it with its network running through Youngstown, Pleasant Unity, and eventually to Greensburg and Uniontown. Service ceased in 1952.
Latrobe has two sites on the National Register of Historic Places within its city boundaries:
- Pennsylvania Railroad Station at Latrobe (325 McKinley Avenue): This station was built by the Pennsylvania Railroad in 1903.
- Citizens National Bank of Latrobe (816 Ligonier Street, at Main Street): This was previously known as the Mellon Bank Building. This six-story, 1926 structure was designed by the Greensburg firm of Batholomew and Smith.
The former Fort Sloan, a small fortress established by the British settlers in the 1700s, is now a private residence, situated on the corner of Cedar St. and Raymond Ave.
Early professional football team
From 1895 until 1909, Latrobe was the home of the Latrobe Athletic Association, one of the earliest professional football teams. The team's quarterback, John Brallier, became the first football player to admit playing for money. In 1895, he accepted $10 and expenses to play for Latrobe in a 12–0 victory over the Jeannette Athletic Club. Brallier was thought to be the first professional football player, until the 1960s. Then, documents surfaced showing that Pudge Heffelfinger, a former three-time All-American from Yale, was employed to play guard for the Allegheny Athletic Association three years earlier. In 1897, Latrobe was the first football team to play a full season with a team composed entirely of professional players. In 1898, Latrobe and two players from their rivals, the Greensburg Athletic Association, formed the first professional football all-star team for a game against the Duquesne Country and Athletic Club, to be played at Pittsburgh's Exposition Park. Duquesne went on to win the game 16–0. On November 18, 1905, Latrobe defeated the Canton Bulldogs, which later became a founding member, and two-time champion, of the National Football League, 6–0.
Aside from Brallier, the Latrobe Athletic Association included several of the era's top players, such as Ed Abbaticchio, Charles Barney, Alf Bull, Jack Gass, Walter Okeson, Harry Ryan, Doggie Trenchard, and Eddie Wood, and manager Dave Berry.
In May 2006, Anheuser-Busch purchased the Rolling Rock brands, but not the brewery. In June 2006, City Brewing Company from LaCrosse, Wisconsin, entered into negotiations to buy the brewery. In September 2006, City Brewing Company agreed to purchase the brewery, and they licensed it to the Boston Beer Company in April 2007 as a satellite brewery to produce Samuel Adams beers. Sam Adams production did not last long. The plant is currently brewing Iron City Beer under contract. In addition, Duquesne Bottling Company has brewed the revived Duquesne Beer, "The Prince of Pilseners", at the Latrobe plant.
Latrobe is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2), all land. It has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa) and average monthly temperatures range from 28.9 °F in January to 72.0 °F in July. (40.314940, -79.381171).
As of the census of 2010, 8,338 people, 3,786 households, and 2,458 families resided in the city. The population density was 3,913.6 people per square mile (1,509.8/km2). The 4,258 housing units averaged 1,852.8 per square mile (714.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.78% White, 0.32% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 0.37% of the population.
Of 3,786 households, 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.0% were not families. About 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 17.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86.
In the city, the population was distribute as 1,730 persons under the age of 18, 429 persons from 20 to 24, 2583 persons from 25 to 49, 1780 persons from 50 to 64, and 1614 persons who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $33,268, and for a family was $42,168. Males had a median income of $31,802 versus $22,227 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,208. About 6.5% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.
Federally, Latrobe is part of Pennsylvania's 14th congressional district.
- Arnold Palmer Regional Airport (formerly known as Westmoreland County Airport)
- Latrobe (Amtrak station)
- Westmoreland Transit Daily runs locally and commuter runs to Pittsburgh and Johnstown
- Walt Corey, National Football League player and coach
- Keith Ferrazzi, author and entrepreneur
- Dennis Ferry, trumpeter for Orchestre de la Suisse Romande
- Gregory S. Forbes, meteorologist and severe weather expert for the Weather Channel
- Daniel Lentz, classical composer
- Chris Lightcap, jazz bassist
- Jackie Mason, comedian and actor, ordained a rabbi in Latrobe
- Arnold Palmer, iconic professional golfer, member of World Golf Hall of Fame
- Fred Rogers, host of PBS series Mister Rogers' Neighborhood, lived in Latrobe from birth through high school. He is buried in Unity Cemetery.
- Andy Stynchula, National Football League player
- Boniface Wimmer, Benedictine monk, founded Saint Vincent Archabbey in 1845
- Francis J. Harvey, United States Secretary of the Army
- Hanna Green, track and field runner
- Kevin Guskiewicz, Chancellor of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
- Greater Latrobe School District
- Latrobe Athletic Association
- Latrobe Country Club
- Loyalhanna Creek
- Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area
- Saint Vincent Seminary
- Trump House
- WAOB Catholic Radio
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "The Birth of Pro Football". Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved November 19, 2019.
After the Pro Football Hall of Fame was opened in 1963 in Canton, further research uncovered the Pudge Heffelfinger payment by the Allegheny Athletic Association in 1892 and thus negated the Latrobe claim as the birthplace of pro football.
- Turback, Michael (March 2004). The Banana Split Book. Camino Books. ISBN 0-940159-83-X
- Muller, Edward K.; Ronald C. Carlisle; Christine Davis; Carmen DiCiccio; Gary Fitzsimons; Kenneth D. Rose (1994). Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania: An Inventory of Historic Engineering and Industrial Sites. Washington, DC: America's Industrial Heritage Project, National Park Service. pp. 331–332.
- (No author shown) (1973). West Penn Railways. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Railway Museum Association, Inc. pp. 1 and 18.
- "National Register of Historical Places - Pennsylvania Railroad Station at Latrobe" (PDF). ARCH: Pennsylvania's Historic Architecture & Archeology. Pennsylvania Museum and Historical Commission. Retrieved September 15, 2008.
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Clinton Piper (May 2002). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Citizens National Bank of Latrobe" (PDF). Retrieved June 10, 2012.
- PFRA Research. "Five Hundred Reasons" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association: 1–6. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2010.
- PFRA Research. "Stars Over All-Stars" (PDF) (Annual). Professional Football Researchers Association: 1–5. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 26, 2010. Cite journal requires
- *Van Atta, Robert (1980). "Latrobe, PA: Cradle of Pro Football" (PDF). Coffin Corner. Professional Football Researchers Association. 2 (Annual): 1–21. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2009.
- Boselovic, Len (June 22, 2006). "Wisconsin brewer may buy Rolling Rock plant". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved June 25, 2006.
- City Brewery buys Latrobe Brewery - Pittsburgh Business Times
- Boselovic, Len (April 4, 2007). "Samuel Adams comes calling on Latrobe brewer". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Pennsylvania" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 11, 2013. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
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