Leader of the Seanad
|Leader of the Seanad|
The Leader of the Seanad (referred to within the Seanad as Leader of the House Irish: Treoraí an Tí) is a member of Seanad Éireann appointed by the Taoiseach to direct government business. Since June 2020, the incumbent is Regina Doherty of Fine Gael. The Deputy Leader of the Seanad is Lisa Chambers of Fianna Fáil.
- moving the day's order of business
- may present a government bill without prior notice
- ex-officio member of the Committee on Procedure and Privileges
- may move a vote of sympathy
In the old Seanad of the Irish Free State, there was no separate position of Leader. The order of business was controlled by the Cathaoirleach (chair). This was a symptom of the Seanad's independence from the Executive Council (government), which annoyed Éamon de Valera as President of the Executive Council. De Valera's Fianna Fáil government secured the abolition of the Seanad in 1936.
De Valera's 1937 Constitution created a new Seanad with less independence from the Dáil. The standing orders of the new Seanad provided for the role of Leader to control the flow of business from the government. A 2004 Seanad report into reforming its own functions recommended that the Leader be allowed to attend cabinet meetings, with a rank of minister or minister of state. Maurice Manning noted in 2010 that recent Leaders had more influence with the government, leading to increased input by the Seanad into legislation.
|Name||Term of office||Party||Governments||Notes|
|William Quirke||1938||1948||Fianna Fáil||2nd, 3rd, 4th|
|Michael Hayes||1948||1951||Fine Gael||5th|
|William Quirke||1951||1954||Fianna Fáil||6th|
|Michael Hayes||1954||1957||Fine Gael||7th|
|Thomas Mullins||1957||1973||Fianna Fáil||8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th|
|Michael J. O'Higgins||1 June 1973||27 October 1977||Fine Gael||14th|
|Eoin Ryan Snr||27 October 1977||8 October 1981||Fianna Fáil||15th, 16th|
|Gemma Hussey||8 October 1981||February 1982||Fine Gael||17th||Vacated Leadership and Seanad seat upon election to Dáil.|
|Eoin Ryan Snr||26 March 1982||21 December 1982||Fianna Fáil||18th|
|James Dooge||21 December 1982||3 April 1987||Fine Gael||19th|
|Mick Lanigan||3 April 1987||16 May 1990||Fianna Fáil||20th, 21st||Resigned as Leader after Fianna Fáil lost a series of votes while all its senators were absent.|
|Seán Fallon||16 May 1990||23 January 1992||Fianna Fáil||21st||Vacated Leadership upon being elected Cathaoirleach to replace Seán Doherty|
|G. V. Wright||23 January 1992||20 December 1994||Fianna Fáil||21st, 22nd, 23rd||The 21st government ended when Charles Haughey resigned as Taoiseach, seven days after Doherty's resignation as Cathaoirleach over the same controversy.|
|Maurice Manning||20 December 1994||17 September 1997||Fine Gael||24th|
|Donie Cassidy||17 September 1997||May 2002||Fianna Fáil||25th||Vacated Leadership and Seanad seat upon election to Dáil.|
|Mary O'Rourke||26 June 2002||May 2007||Fianna Fáil||26th||Vacated Leadership and Seanad seat upon election to Dáil.|
|Donie Cassidy||3 July 2007||25 May 2011||Fianna Fáil||27th, 28th|
|Maurice Cummins||25 May 2011||8 June 2016||Fine Gael||29th|
|Jerry Buttimer||8 June 2016||27 June 2020||Fine Gael||30th, 31st|
|Regina Doherty||27 June 2020||Incumbent||Fine Gael||32nd|
- Manning, Maurice (2010). "The Senate" (PDF). In MacCarthaigh, Muiris; Manning, Maurice (eds.). The Houses of the Oireachtas: Parliament in Ireland. Dublin: Institute of Public Administration. pp. 153–168. ISBN 978-1-904541-93-6. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- "Seanad Éireann". How Parliament works. Oireachtas. 10 April 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
- Seanad Éireann (20 June 2017). "Standing Orders relative to Public Business" (PDF). pp. 91–92. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
- Committee on Procedure and Privileges, Sub-Committee on Seanad Reform (19 April 2004). "Report on Seanad Reform" (PDF). Seanad Éireann. p. 62. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 May 2004.
- "Death of Senator". Seanad Éireann (in Irish). Oireachtas. 9 March 1955. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
When the Seanad was reconstituted in 1938, he was elected a member on the Agricultural Panel and served either as Leader of the House or as Leader of the Opposition until his death. [...] For the greater part of that period, he was Leader of the House and I was Leader of the Opposition. We changed places twice