Lebanese Venezuelans

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Lebanese Venezuelan
Total population
~2% of Venezuela's population
Regions with significant populations
Caracas, Maracaibo, Valencia, Maracay, Barcelona-Puerto La Cruz, Ciudad Guayana, Margarita Island, Punto Fijo
Spanish, Arabic
Mostly Christian, some Muslim
Related ethnic groups
Arab Venezuelan

A Lebanese Venezuelan is a Venezuelan citizen of Lebanese origin or descent. There is around 341,000[1] to 500,000 people of Lebanese ancestry.[2] Venezuela has one of the largest Lebanese populations in the Americas.

Migration history[edit]

Lebanese immigration to Venezuela started when the first wave began to arrive to the country during 1862, in the last months of the Federal War. Once disembarked in the ports of Venezuela, they were classified by the authorities as Turks, because they had only been issued passports with that nationality. According to research, 2 the entry points were Margarita Island and Puerto Cabello. The first contingent of Lebanese settled in these ports and also in Cumaná, La Guaira and Punto Fijo, from where they spread to the interior of the country. They worked mainly in the commercial sector, helping to develop this sector in the national economy that until the moment presented little progress.[3]

The second wave of Lebanese immigration developed after 1918. Next to the defeat of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the French Mandate of Syria was established, with one of its subdivisions being the State of Greater Lebanon. The harsh conditions of the postwar period once again motivated the Lebanese to embark on a path similar to that of the 19th century towards the American continent, including Venezuela.

Despite the fact that the Lebanese had arrived in Venezuela on several occasions, it was not until the mid-1960s and early 1970s that immigration became more forceful, since at that time Venezuela had many employment opportunities and of good living.

The Lebanese were able to maintain their traditions and their identity already in Venezuelan territory, which they prioritize in relation to the education of young people in their community.


In religion, the majority of Lebanese-Venezuelans are Christians who belong to the Maronite Catholic Church, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Melkite Catholic. A scant number are Muslims.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://identitychef.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/lebanese-diaspora.jpg Lebanese diaspora
  2. ^ historico.notitarde.com/1999/08/09/memoria/memoria6.html "In Venezuela currently reside five hundred thousand Lebanese citizens or of Lebanese ancestry..." (SPANISH)
  3. ^ Lahoud, Daniel. "LLEGADA DE LOS LIBANESES A VENEZUELA" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

External links[edit]