Leonhard Schultze languages

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Leonhard Schultze
Walio-Papi
Geographic
distribution
Leonard Schultze River, Papua New Guinea
Linguistic classificationSepik
  • Leonhard Schultze
Subdivisions
GlottologNone

The Leonhard Schultze (Leonard Schultze) or Walio-Papi languages are a proposed family of about 6 Papuan languages spoken in the Sepik river basin of northern Papua New Guinea. They are spoken along the border region of East Sepik Province and Sandaun Province, just to the south of the Iwam languages.

The languages are named after the Leonhard Schultze River, which is in turn named after German anthropologist Leonhard Schultze-Jena.

Languages[edit]

The Leonard Schultze languages are:

Classification[edit]

The Leonhard Schultze languages were traditionally classified by Laycock and Z'graggen (1975) as part of the Sepik language family.[1]

Foley (2018) classifies the Leonhard Schultze languages separately as an independent language family rather than as part of the Sepik languages (as in previous classifications proposed by others).[2] However, this classification is not accepted by Glottolog, which splits up the Walio and Papi branches and considers them each to be a primary language family.

Vocabulary comparison[edit]

The following basic vocabulary words are from the Trans-New Guinea database:[3]

gloss Walio Yawiyo (Wosawari Dialect) Papi
head tiᵽo tipafu auwiyu
hair tiřeʔ yei ařupisi
ear aᵽoᵽo afe mʌgʌnaba
eye nogub̶ʌnɛ nimau sunweyo
nose tʌᵽsɛᵽoʔ tɩmʌsi tʌnipɔku
tooth nʌᵽaᵽala nʌfe sʋmunu
tongue nʌgʌya tanotai sakeyo
louse natʌᵽi dibafuyei ařupɩsɩ
dog kauwaᵽo ifau; ivau agabu
pig taǏib̶o ami ami tʌmaub̶o
bird auma ɔb̶ɔ; ɔːsani
egg naᵽu aumufu usouyo
blood liʔ teyuowa taneke
bone ipalib̶o ihuwa naikʌmio
skin aᵽayo toefahewa pʌsiyæ
breast matʌᵽulo mama abiyaiɔ
tree biᵽoʔ yanu naːb̶ʌkʌ
man ɛlɛgobuwo to; to iːwa sanoᵽo
woman tɔkotʌb̶isia sauto suːbu
water ǥwei utlauwe ařukowa
fire linati tanuwa; tiyami řiku
stone ᵽuboʔ tab̶iya tab̶iyaio
road, path ʔɛᵽobu efʌmowa pʌbřiyaio
eat kanab̶o afaʔunařu opo akepo
one aǏia gʌǏaǏilau ařʌsʌbau sunuboku
two ǥuřaǥaʔ ařʌfři suwʌbiyaio

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laycock, D. C. and Z'graggen, John A. 1975. The Sepik-Ramu Phylum. In Wurm, S.A. (ed.), Papuan Languages and the New Guinea Linguistic Scene, New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study 1, 729-763. Australian National University.
  2. ^ Foley, William A. (2018). "The Languages of the Sepik-Ramu Basin and Environs". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 197–432. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  3. ^ Greenhill, Simon (2016). "TransNewGuinea.org - database of the languages of New Guinea". Retrieved 2020-11-05.