Limpopo Provincial Legislature

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Limpopo Provincial Legislature

Limpopo Provinsiale Wetgewer  (Afrikaans)
6th Legislature
Limpopo Provincial Legislature.png
Deputy Speaker
South Africa Limpopo Provincial 2019.svg
Political groups
  •   ANC (38)

Official Opposition

Other parties

Party-list proportional representation
Last election
8 May 2019
Meeting place
Government Complex, Lebowakgomo
Official website

The Limpopo Provincial Legislature is the primary legislative body of the South African province of Limpopo.

It is unicameral in its composition, and elects the premier and the provincial cabinet from among the members of the leading party or coalition in the parliament.

The first legislature was inaugurated in May 1994 as the Northern Transvaal Provincial Legislature. It was renamed in 1995 to the Northern Province Provincial Legislature, and again in 2003 to the Limpopo Provincial Legislature.

The Sixth Legislature was elected on 8 May 2019 in South Africa's 2019 general election. A majority of the members belong to the African National Congress.


The Limpopo Legislature appoints the Premier of Limpopo, the head of Limpopo's provincial executive. The legislature can force the Premier to resign by passing a motion of no confidence. Although the Executive Council is selected by the Premier, the legislature may pass a motion of no confidence to force the Premier to restructure the Council. The legislature also appoints Limpopo's delegates to the National Council of Provinces, allocating delegates to parties in proportion to the number of seats each party holds in the legislature.[3]

The legislature has the power to pass legislation in various fields stipulated in the national constitution; in some fields the legislative power is shared with the national parliament, while in others it is solely reserved to the province alone. The fields include health, education (except universities), agriculture, housing, environmental protection, and development planning.[3]

The legislature oversees the administration of the Limpopo provincial government, and the Premier and the members of the Executive Council are required to report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities. The legislature also regulates the finances of the provincial government by way of the appropriation bills which determine the provincial budget.[3]


The Provincial Legislature consists of 49 members, who are elected through a system of party list proportional representation with closed lists. In other words, each voter casts a vote for one political party, and seats in the legislature are allocated to the parties in proportion to the number of votes received. The seats are then filled by members in accordance with lists submitted by the parties before the election.

The Legislature is elected for a term of five years unless it is dissolved early. This may occur if the legislature votes to dissolve and it is at least three years since the last election, or if the Premiership falls vacant and the legislature fails to elect a new Premier within ninety days. By convention, all nine provincial legislatures and the National Assembly are elected on the same day.

The most recent election was held on 8 May 2019. The following table summarises the results.

Party Votes Vote % Seats
ANC 1,096,300 75.49 38
Economic Freedom Fighters 209,488 14.43 7
Democratic Alliance 78,360 5.40 3
Freedom Front Plus 20,572 1.42 1
Other parties 47,438 3.26 0
Total 1,452,158 100.0 49

The following table shows the composition of the provincial parliament after past elections.

1994 election 0 38 0 1 1 0
1999 election 1 44 1 1 1 1
2004 election 1 45 2 1 0 0
2009 election 0 43 4 2 0 0 0
2014 election 0 39 1 3 6 0 0 0
2019 election 0 38 0 3 7 1 0 0


The current speaker of the legislature is Rosemary Molapo, while the deputy speaker is Jeremy Ndou.[4]

Name Entered office Left office Party
T.G. Mashamba 1994 1999 ANC
Robert Malavi 1999 2004 ANC
Tshenuwani Farisani 2004 2009 ANC
Rudolph Phala 2009[5] 2013 ANC
Kwena Elias Nong 2013[6] 2014 ANC
Merriam Ramadwa 2014[7] 2015[8] ANC
Polly Boshielo 2015[9] 2019 ANC
Mavhungu Lerule-Ramakhanya 2019[10] 2020 ANC
Rosemary Molapo 2020 Incumbent ANC



  1. ^ "Rosemary Molapo appointed new Speaker of Limpopo Legislature". Polokwane Observer. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  2. ^ Mixed reaction to Limpopo's new cabinet. Retrieved on 23 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Evans, Sarah (14 September 2019). "Does Zuma hold the power to fire provincial premiers?". Mail & Guardian. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Rosemary Molapo sworn in as Speaker of the Limpopo Legislature". CapricornFM. 24 July 2020. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  5. ^ Gabara, Nthambeleni (6 May 2009). "Limpopo's newly elected premier announces his Exco". Polokwane. Retrieved 6 April 2020. The new MPLs have elected the chairman of the standing committee on public accounts (Scopa), Rudoph Phala as the Speaker of their Legislature. Mr Phala replaced Dr Tshenuwani Farisani.
  6. ^ "Nong succeeds Phala". Polokwane Observer. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Premier waves 6 MEC's goodbye". ReviewOnline. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  8. ^ Hannam, Cheryllee (30 September 2015). "Ramadwa resigns as provincial speaker". ReviewOnline. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Polly Boshielo sworn in as new provincial speaker". ReviewOnline. 14 October 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  10. ^ "Provincial legislatures swear in new members". 22 May 2019. Retrieved 6 April 2020.

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