List of English and Welsh endowed schools (19th century)

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This is a list of endowed schools in England and Wales existing in the early part of the 19th century. It is based on the antiquarian Nicholas Carlisle's survey of "Endowed Grammar Schools" published in 1818,[1] but is referenced to the work of the Endowed Schools Commission half a century later. Most English and Welsh endowed schools were at the time described as grammar schools, but by the eighteenth century there were three groups: the "old public schools" (Eton and eight others); schools in manufacturing towns that innovated to some extent in syllabus; and more traditional grammar schools in market towns and rural areas.[2]

A medieval grammar school was one which taught Latin, and this remained an important subject in all the schools, which generally followed the traditions of Oxford and Cambridge, from which almost all of their graduate schoolmasters came. Some of the schools listed by Carlisle had long been fee-paying public schools, although in most cases (as at Eton and Winchester) retaining some provision for the teaching of "scholars" who paid reduced or no fees.

An endowment for educational purposes had an original purpose, often intended by the founder or founders to be legally binding, but the objects of such endowments were not always fully honoured by those controlling the schools. Carlisle compiled his list by means of a questionnaire, which was not always answered. The Commission's report built on his research, while not accepting all his claims on the continuity of certain schools from monastic and chantry foundations, which affected the dating of schools. The chronological list in the report has numerous further details of endowments.

There is little consistency in the actual names of grammar schools from this period. Many were called "free schools". Carlisle used some unorthodox spellings, and he listed Hampshire under its alternative historical name of Southamptonshire.


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Bedford Grammar School 15 August 1552 Independent Sir William Harpur Knt, alderman of London, endowed the school in the name of the Commonalty of Bedford, with letters patent granted by King Edward VI. Visitors were elected from the warden and fellows of New College, Oxford. Harpur stood surety of 13 acres and 1 rood of meadow in St Andrew, Holborn for the letters patent. An act of Parliament of 1764 granted 12 acres and a rood on a case decision reserved in chancery to Sir Thomas Fisher, Bt. This land became housing called the Charity Estate. Another act, in 1793, made the town corporation responsible for "repairing leases". New College, Oxford controlled the appointment of master and usher. [3][4]
Houghton Conquest Grammar School 5 June 1632 Council Lower School Sir Francis Clerke, MA Cantab, was the founder around 1630, when house and close were conveyed by deed of title. Masters from Sidney Sussex, Cambridge Formerly a flourishing school that sent scholars to university. An endowment of lands valued at £140 was bequeathed in 1691; "here is a publick school" in 1720. Trustees included the Earl of Upper Ossory and the Duke of Bedford, of 6 acres and 4 small closes called the pighties. [5]

[6] [7][8]


For Eton College see Buckinghamshire.

Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Abingdon Grammar School Roysse's School, Abingdon School 1562 Independent A benefaction by John Roysse, citizen and mercer of London was to an existing grammar school. Two houses in Birchin Lane were bequeathed to Dr Abbott, Archbishop of Canterbury, for his foundation, intended for Balliol College; letters patent were granted on 22 June 1624; and the foundation was further endowed by William Bennet of Christ's Hospital in Abingdon. [9][10]
Childrey Grammar School The Fettiplace School 1515 Extinct A chantry foundation by William Fettiplace of Childrey, it survived as a school in Chantry House, Childrey until 1726. A new schoolhouse was built in 1732 by Sir George Fettiplace, and kept repaired by Queens College, Oxford, who paid £8 per annum to the schoolmaster. The visitor was Lincoln College, Oxford. In 1769 Mr Jennings was a notable schoolmaster of the day school. In 1913, the school converted to a primary school. The buildings were closed in the 1940s. [11][12][13]
Newbury Grammar School St Bartholomew's School 1466 Academy Originally attached to St Bartholomew's Hospital, London, it was reported on the death of the master on 3 November 1614 that the school was defunct. A new grammar school was granted a charter in 1677. [14][15]
Reading Grammar School 1445 Academy A suppressed monastery was founded near the Church of St Lawrence. Incomplete by[clarification needed] 1486, the grammar school was founded by Henry VII and John Thorne, Abbot of Reading; the master was paid by the Crown after the Dissolution of the Monasteries; at which time it[clarification needed] was Cardinal Wolsey himself. The land rent was charged to the Manor of Chelsey. In 1557 Sir Thomas White founded two scholarships at St John's College, Oxford for boys to bestow their time[clarification needed] diligently in grammar. Boys were superannuated at age 19. Archbishop Laud was educated at Reading. [16][17]
Wallingford Grammar School 1659 Comprehensive Founded by Walter Bigg, alderman of London, and endowed with £10 p.a. A further £20 p.a. was contributed by Sir Thomas Bennett's Charity. The school's demise was taken on by nonconformists. [14]
Wantage Grammar School King Alfred's Grammar School, King Alfred's Academy 1597 Academy Although William Fettiplace was a schoolmaster in 1526, the town lands were only required to maintain a grammar school master by an act of Parliament, 39 Eliz (AD 1597). The original school built by Sir George Fettiplace in 1732 was defunct around 1830. A successor, King Alfred's School, Wantage, was founded in 1849, opening in 1850. In 1913 it became a parish room, when the present primary school was opened. [18][19]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Amersham Grammar School Dr Challoner's Grammar School 1621 Academy Founded under the will of Robert Chaloner DD. The rector, canon of Windsor, on 20 June 1620, bequeathed £90 by his will and £20 p.a., for the maintenance of a divinity lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford. The free grammar school was established by decree of the Commission of Charitable Uses. Of the pupils, three poor scholars hailed from Goldsborough and Amersham, and Knaresborough, Yorks. [20]
Aylesbury Grammar School 1598 Academy A free school was founded by Sir Henry Lee, of Ditchley, Oxfordshire around 1584. The documents in Oxford were destroyed in the Civil War in the 1640s, but the premises were bequeathed to the school around 1700. A further endowment was entailed by Henry Phillips, and a free school built in 1718. [21]
Buckingham Grammar School The Royal Latin School 1423 Secondary Endowed £10 8s. 1/2d. [22]
Eton College Founded as The King's College of The Blessed Marie of Etone besides Wyndsor 12 September 1440 Independent Unusually founded by three successive charters in 1441, and 1442. The foundation was guaranteed -in perpetuity on a sable background - according to the lore of the Court of Heraldry. The original buildings were in part constructed of durable Kentish stone. A bookish lawyer by sentiment, King Henry VI famously founded the boys' school, now in Berkshire, "habentes in animo ut in secula duraturum jam fundatum Collegium..." [a] It was confirmed by act of Parliament on 4 May 1444; and statutes were finalised by Archbishop Waynflete, schoolmaster of Winchester, and founder of Magdalen College, Oxford, on 20 July 1446. Edward IV secured letters patent on 17 July 1468; and granted a lands purchase under the Statutes of Mortmain. Under the papal Bulla Unionis he added an eighth dean to those[which?] canons of Windsor. The college's endowments were much reduced by Edward IV after the death of Henry VI. [16][23][24]
Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe 1548 Independent Town burgesses confirmed the endowment of a school in 1551, but it did not receive a royal charter until 21 July 1562. The master was endowed with a house, garden and orchard of two acres. "Good instruction" followed in Latin. [9][25]
Marlow Grammar School Sir William Borlase's Grammar School 1624 Specialist Founded by Sir William in memory of Henry Borlase MP on his son's death in 1624. By Sir William's will of October 1628, the school was endowed with lands in the parish, and at Bix Gibwin, Oxfordshire. The governor was customarily the lord of the manor of Davers.[b] [26]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Cambridge Grammar School The Perse School 1615 Independent Founded by Stephen Perse MD, senior fellow of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. The founder's scholarship favoured entrants to that college. By 1615 there was room for 100 scholars, natives of Cambridge, Barnwell, Chesterton, or Trumpington. [27]
Ely Grammar School The King's School, Ely, King's Ely c. 970, refounded 1541 Independent Ely's master was appointed by the dean and chapter of the cathedral. Now a boarding school. [28]
Wisbech Grammar School 1379 Independent Founded by the Holy Trinity Fraternity of monks. At the Reformation, parliament granted the town and Capital Burgesses a charter and master on an ecclesiastical stipend of £12. Rents of £30 p.a. were used to fund the school by the will of John Crane, in lieu of land tax. Further endowed by Thomas Parke, High Sheriff of Cambridgeshire (1628), and bye-fellowships to Peterhouse College. The fund was later vested with the accountant-general of chancery by the will of William Holmes of Exeter (2 April 1656). [29]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Audlem Grammar School 1653 High School Founded by Sir William Bolton, Thomas Gamull and Ralph Bolton, citizens of London. A total endowment of £40 was charged equally to the Merchant Taylors Company and to an estate in Coole Lane, Audlem. Closed in 1908. Audlem Senior Mixed Council School opened on the premises in 1913. [30][31]
Chester Grammar School The King's School, Chester 1541 Independent Founded on the dissolution of St Werburgh Abbey. The dean and chapter appointed 24 boys to the school. The cloisters, dormitory and reader's pulpit were all used by the school. The cathedral was responsible for the master (a lay canon) and his salary. [28]
Congleton Grammar School Congleton High School c. 1560 Academy Daniel Lysons wrote that Congleton had a grammar school in the reign of Elizabeth I. Not a strong endowment: boys were admitted on reading the Protestant New Testament. It was controlled by the borough (18th century). Benefaction dating from 1708. The school moved to the Box Lane site in 1964. It became Westlands County High School in 1979 and thereafter was co-educational. It was renamed Congleton High in 2000. [32][33][34]
Daresbury Grammar School 1600 Extinct Richard Rider of Preston-on-the-Hill and others endowed with interest of £185 p.a., a grammar school in the parish of Runcorn, to be taught by Oxbridge qualified schoolmasters. The scheme of 13 May 1875 was varied by the scheme of 3 October 1895 and again amended on 12 September 1996 by a resolution under the provisions of s.75 of the Charity Commissioners Act 1993. [35]
Frodsham Grammar School Helsby High School 1660 Comprehensive Founded in medieval times, twenty-four feoffees from neighbouring parishes supported the master's house. A vestry chantry left an endowment in 1604. Another endowment by Mr Trafford was on condition that the master was appointed by the Company of Apothecaries, Chester. A free school was finally established in 1660. The Old Schoolhouse was completed in 1824. It was planned to move to the Helsby site in 1938, but the new school did not open until 1950. Old Frodsham Grammar closed in 2009. [36]
Hargrave Grammar School 1627 Extinct Sir Thomas Moulson bt, alderman and lord mayor of London, founded and endowed with £20 p.a. in the parishes of Tarvin and Great Budworth. Patronised by the bishop and chapter of Chester and Lord Grosvenor the school had royalist support. [37]
Knutsford Grammar School 1549 Extinct Founded by Sir John Legh for 16 marks (£10 13s 4d) per annum. Waste land was enclosed for lettings of £24 p.a. to pay for the building of a new schoolroom. The Legh family endowed the original foundation, which closed in 1741. Three years later a new school building opened; it continued until 1885. The building was demolished in 1957. [29][38]
Lymm Grammar School Lymm High School 1591 Comprehensive/
The later Elizabethan foundation was quickly followed by a royal charter in 1602. By the late 19th century the original site was split up by planners. It remained at Grammar School Lane until 1945, when Oughtringhton Hall was purchased by the county council, to which the school was fully transferred by 1957. On the abolition of the grammar school system, the school, already accepting free pupils, turned comprehensive. Since the 1980s it has merged with the Secondary Modern, with much of the old site redeveloped. [39]
Macclesfield Grammar School The King's School 1502 Independent Sir John Percyvale, later a lord mayor of London, established a chantry school in his home town at the Savage Chapel, in the parish church. The first schoolmaster was William Bridges. By 1854 it had already moved to its current site in Cumberland Street. In 1987 the school became co-educational when it merged with the Girls High School. A royal visitation followed in 2002, when HM Queen was introduced to the school's quinquennial celebrations.
Malpas Grammar School Bishop Heber High School 20 March 1527/8 Academy The original school was founded by Sir Randulph Brereton of Malpas, knight and Chamberlain of Chester; and stood behind the market-place. Robert Whittington of lichfield (d. 1560) wrote an early English account of the chantry school reading Latin Canticum graduum, De Profundis clamavi ad te Domine from Psalm 129. Brereton paid the schoolmaster, and funded the school as did founders Humphrey Dymocke of Wyllington, Owen Brereton and David Dodde of Egge. There was a refounding by Rev. Hugh, Earl Cholmondely in 1697–8. [40][41][42]
Middlewich Grammar School Middlewich High School c. 1590 Comprehensive The endowment was nominated by Sir Iain Frederick Leycester, Bart to a master.
Northwich Grammar School Sir John Deane's Sixth Form College 1557 Mixed Sixth Form College Founded and endowed by Sir John Deane, Rector of St Bartholomew's Hospital and parish, London. It moved opposite St Helen's Chapel in 1869 by virtue of the Endowments Act. Sir John Brunner, a wealthy industrialist and benefactor, completed the moves in 1908 to its present site. A sixth form college from 1978, it was completely refurbished in 2011.
Stockport Grammar School 1487 Independent Founded by Sir Edmond Shaa, goldsmith and alderman of the City of London. It moved to its site in the town on Adlington Square in 1608. [16]
Tarvin Grammar School 1641 Extinct A charitable foundation by Mr Randall Pickering Jr for the benefit of the poor in the parish, according to a Charitable Commission Report. The pupils used the rare Richard Valpy grammars. Tarvin Hall was used to house the school from 1776. Dr Brindley renamed it the Collegiate School in 1851. He was a progressive (too liberal on discipline and morals for the time), and was asked to quit the following year. The school finally closed in 1939. [35][43][44][45]
Wallasey Grammar School The Kingsway Academy 1656-7 Academy Founded by Dutchman Maj. Henry Meolse and brother Capt. William Meolse. From 1799 a building in Breck Road was used. It moved to the Leasowe site in 1967 when it became Wallasey Comprehensive School. Renamed Kingsway School (2014) and became an academy in 2015. [46][47]
Witton Grammar School Sir John Deane Sixth Form College 1557 Sixth Form Academy Founded by Sir John Deane of the Goldsmiths Company, London. On current site since 1908. In 1968 it moved to the site on Buncer Lane, when the secondary modern amalgamated with the grammar school to form a comprehensive. The combined school has been a co-educational Sixth Form College since 1978. Since 2014 it has Academy status. [48]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Bodmin Grammar School c. 1560 Comprehensive It was not a free school when founded in Bodmin churchyard. Endowed by Crown lands from the Duchy of Cornwall. A poor boys school, it had no scholarships nor exhibitions, but could take only boys from the town. In the early 19th century it became connected with Clare Hall, Cambridge and the Prideaux family. In 1971, headteacher Arthur Hayward unified the Secondary Modern with the grammar to found the present Bodmin School. [36][49][50][51]
St. Ives Grammar School 1639 Extinct Founded in the town by charter of King Charles I. The Bishop of Exeter and mayor and Burgesses of St Ives were appointed governors. The schoolhouse was built on Barnoon Hill. The school had an income of only £10 per annum, so had to be closed in 1673. [52][53]
Launceston Grammar School The Royal Grammar School, Launceston College 1685 Academy The school's benefactor George Baron endowed it on 9 October 1685, a benefaction continued by his heirs. He specified a grammar school to the town for £10 p.a., situated behind the churchyard. The Manor of Paris Garden, in Christ Church parish, Surrey for only five boys. The Duke of Northumberland pledged a further £15 p.a. [54]
Liskeard Grammar School The County School 1550 Specialist There was "no endowment", but it was under the patronage of the Duchy of Cornwall, when it was originally built on the site of a Norman castle. Closed by act of Parliament in 1834; refounded in 1979. [55]
Penryn Grammar School c. 1580 Extinct Founded by the Duchy on behalf of Queen Elizabeth I in the parish of St Gluvias with a meagre endowment of £6 18s., the school originally opened with only three pupils. In 1758 John Verran bequeathed by will £1,000, to which James Humphrey Esq added £3,000 in 1823. [36][56]
Saltash Grammar School c. 1580 Extinct A free school was founded by the Duchy in the name of Queen Elizabeth with an endowment of only £7 p.a. In the reign of Charles I for Saltash, Launceston, and Povin.[sentence needs a verb!] Later closed, before current foundation of 1965. [57]
Truro Grammar School Truro Cathedral School c. 1580 Extinct Styled a free school; one of its original benefactors was County Recorder, Viscount Falmouth, who contributed a "generous" £25 p.a., and donated three gold medals. There was a scholarship and two exhibitions to Exeter College, Oxford according to a deed of trust in chancery on 14 March 1767. On £30 p.a. they afforded one scholar to Exeter College, Oxford. Closed in 1982. The old building was converted into an inn. [29][58]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
St. Bees Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Archbishop of Canterbury, Edmund Grindall in Kyrby Beacok alias St Beghes, in the County of Cumberland, St Bees School 24 April 1583 Independent Among its benefactors were the Provost of Queen's College, Oxford and the Rector of Egremont, "the said Letters Patent to be purchased and obtained by the said Wardens and Governors shall be fulfilled." Endowed with "Palmer's Fields", Croydon, Surrey worth £50 p.a. After Grindall's death a second patent was issued on 15 June. The land came into the possession of Sir Thomas Chaloner, who bequeathed it.[c]The school's endowment was augmented on 25 June 1604 by fields and meadows in Kirkby Beacock. The school became co-educational in 1978. The school closed in 2015. [59][60][61]
Saint Bees College St Bees Theological College 1817 Extinct Founded by Rt Rev George Henry Law, DD, Bishop of Chester. The perpetual curacy was created by Queen Anne's Bounty to a total of £300. The Earl of Lonsdale built a reading room in the old abbey for the students known as literates. The school declined and closed in 1895.
Great Blencow Grammar School The Free Queen Elizabeth Grammar School 7 December 1577 The free grammar school was founded by Thomas Burbank near Penrith in the name of Queen Elizabeth I. Originally endowed with lands in Northamptonshire, it was expanded by owners at Brixworth and Culgaith in Cumberland. A rentcharge on Yanwath Hall continued the Earl of Lonsdale's commitment to education in the county.
Bromfield Grammar School 7 May 1612 In his will Richard Osmotherley, citizen and mercer of London, left a foundation for the poor children of Langrigge and Bromfield payable by the Merchant Taylors' Company; nine scholars were paid for, out of London rents. Rare use of Ward's grammars was exercised here.[d] [62]
Burgh by Sands Grammar School 1543 State Elementary School Little is known about the origins of this school. The nonconformist living was ejected in 1662; a Quaker meeting-house opened. The schoolhouse was converted into a barn and used as a vestry by 1786, when Thomas Pattinson bequeathed a free education to the deserving poor of three parishes.[e] There was a charity school at Burgh, to which Richard Hodgson gave the interest of £50 p.a., and John Liddell the interest of £25 p.a. [63]
Carlisle Grammar School Trinity School, Carlisle Henry VIII Secondary school An earlier school existed from the time of William II. The establishment included a grammar master in the year 1557. Sir Thomas Smith, Queen Elizabeth's secretary, was the second dean. [64][65][66]
Cockermouth Grammar School 1676 extinct Founded by Philip, Lord Wharton, Sir Richard Grahame and others, and endowed in 1719. Embleton parish scholars paid a fleece tax on entry: a library was donated by the Bishop of Chester. From 1776 William Wordsworth was taught by Rev Joseph Gilbanks at the school, but may have moved to Penrith, and then Hawkshead, where he was in 1779 quite unhappy. From 1881 it was opened by Gladstone's Home Secretary, Sir William Harcourt, as the Cockermouth Industrial School for Boys. The school was housed in a U-shaped yard[clarification needed], two-storey complex. The school closed in 1921, but was later re-opened as a secondary school. It was redesignated as Cockermouth Grammar School by the Education Act 1944, but closed for the last time in 1990. [14][67]
Crosthwaite Grammar School Common and Free School at Crosthwaite
Crosthwaite and Lyth Grammar School
18 February 1616 Founded in the reign of James I by George Cocke of the town for an endowment in his will, by an Inquisition held at Keswick. It responded to an earlier Ecclesiastical Causes Inquiry (1 October 1571) by the Province of York. By 1818 the land was valued at interest £100 p.a., and 260 scholars were at the school. An unruly nonconforming establishment that denied the vicar's right to appoint the headmaster; cock-fighting was only abolished there around 1800. [68][69][70]
Culgaith and Blencarn Grammar School Howrigg School in Kirkland 1775 Extinct Founded in the chapelry of Culgaith with 100 acres on Culgaith Moor by the Enclosure Commissioners. A schoolhouse was established at Blencarn Gate. A mortgage of £100 was taken out on farm outbuildings used for a school house; thus for new admissions the trustees[word missing?] must be obtained. The land was sub-divided as ordered. The vicar of the parish was the schoolmaster, but the school remained as an elementary school and never completed the transition into a grammar school. The pupils however were open to compete for Exhibitions at Queen's College, Oxford. [71][72][73]
Dalston Grammar School c. 1660 Original benefaction was by Dr.Edward Rainbowe, Lord Bishop of Carlisle. The original Church Stock was looted during the Civil War. In the new endowment Manors of Dalton and New Hall. On the murder of a tenant all customs of the manor were forfeited to the bishop. An Indenture was drafted in favour of Jonathan Green of Hawksdale. In his will Green named Robert Thomlinson of the Gill gave a parcel of New Hall held the messuage and tenement with the Appurtenances in trust for the school. Enclosure Act 1803 secured a further 8 acres. Michael Strong's will of 1814 introduced girls to a free grammar education. [74][75]
Dean Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Dean 1596 Founded by John Fox, Goldsmith, with a rent charge of £10 p.a. The Goldsmiths Company appointed the master. [18]
Hunsonby Grammar School 1726 Founded by Joseph Hutchinson, Esq., on the death of his mother, when the reversion of the estate at Gawtree was used to support the school. 20 or 30 children from the Township of Hunsonby and Windscale were eligible for a free education. [76]
Maughanby Grammar School The Free School at Maughanby 1634 Founded by a Prebendary of Carlisle, Rev. Edward Mayplett, Vicar of Aldingham, and endowed with a house and 70 acres, which was let out. The school was induced to instruct "in the Cathechism of the Church of England" using the Westminster Grammars.
Penrith Grammar School Penrith Free Grammar School 1564 Earlier chantry foundation in 1395 by William de Strickland, later Bishop of Carlisle, but a school existed on the site as early as 1340. The chantry was dissolved in 1547, and paid to the Crown. Sir Thomas Smith, Dean of Carlisle, granted a charter in the Seigniory and chief town in the Forest of Inglewood, and endowed it with £6 p.a. The Eton Latin grammars were used, and Lady Hastings sponsored an exhibition to Queen's, Oxford. [64]
Plumbland Grammar School The Free School at Plumbland 29 June 1759 Captain John Sibson, merchant, founded by his will; he endowed a schoolhouse. Two rooms were for the classics and other subjects. [54]
Thursby Grammar School 1802 Founded by Thomas Thomlinson of Newburn, NC, who had settled at Thursby. In 1798 £354 was bequeathed under the supervision of Sir Wattel Brisco, Bart., of Crofton Hall for the master. Non-classical curriculum of the three R's reading under Ward's Latin and Greek grammars. [77]
Uldale Grammar School 1726 Matthew Caldbeck of Ruthwaite was the founder. He endowed £100 on condition that parcels of parish lands in Uldale and Ireby should be used.[for what?] [78]
Whitcham and Millom Grammar School 1549 Extinct Elizabethan Rev. Robert Hodgson of Whitcham founded the school. An annuity of 16 livres[f] in consequence of a decree in chancery (1687–91). A school of Edward VI was founded by royal decree and £16 p.a. paid by the Auditor of Cumberland. Poor stock was also granted with interest from the rector, Robert Crompton in 1630. There were no university places nor exhibitions; ten pupils went free. [57][79]
Wigton Grammar School The Nelson Thomlinson School 1730 Extinct Robert Thomlinson, D.D., Rector of Wickham and his brother, Rector of Rothbury (1719) founded a school and endowed it with £20 p.a., arising from a rent-charge on the estate at Houghton Castle. The original Wigton chantry was for the poor boys of the parish. Four from Aspatria went free; they[who?] fell into dilapidation, before rescued by the endowed school four miles away. [78][80]
Wreay Grammar School 1655 Extinct The chapel of Wreay was founded by a petition to Edward Rainbow, Bishop of Carlisle. A schoolhouse was built in 1751. Twelve men acted as trustees to appoint the master. John Brown Esq. of Melguards bequeathed only £200, but it was the largest donation, with which his Losh[clarification needed] heirs purchased land. A Cocks and Bell tradition marched two teams to Wreay Green to celebrate hat throws for the end of year ceremonies. [81][82]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Ashbourne Grammar School Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School 15 July 1585 academy Sir Thomas Cockayne and others founded the school on a petition to the Queen, and letters patent granted under the Great Seal. He vested trusteeship for governance in his heirs and successors. In 1610 Roger Oldfield donated £70 for land purchase; and Duke of Devonshire paid £6 p.a. for a head master, 1667. [59][83]
Chesterfield Grammar School The Chapel School
Chesterfield School
1598 Extinct founded by the will of Godfrey Foljambe, Esq., of Watton in 1594, and endowed with £18 6s 8d., out of the Attenborough estate, County of Nottingham. The Corporation four years later gave permission to build a new school house. Being non-preferment establishment a chapel was built on Holy Well Street opposite St Helen's Fields. The foundation was approved by the Archbishop of York. Closed in 1990, its final site is now occupied by Brookfield Community School. [18]
Derby Grammar School Derby School c. 1160 Extinct Originated by Walter Durdant. Refounded at St Peter's churchyard in 1554, the old grammar school closed in 1989, but in 1994 some of its old boys founded Derby Grammar School to replace it. [64]
Dronfield Grammar School Dronfield Henry Fanshawe School 1579 Comprehensive founded by Thomas Fanshaw Esq., Remembrancer of the Court of Exchequer, and endowed with lands in the parishes of Dronfield, Chesterfield and Eckington to the value of £30 p.a. Now Dronfield Henry Fanshawe School [59]
Hartshorn Grammar School 1626 Founded by rector of the parish, William Dethick, it endowed Ticknall, near Burton-on-Trent. The scholars numbered from 40 to 70. The master was paid (1818) £30 per annum. [84]
Repton Grammar School Now Repton School 1556 Independent boarding school Three benefactors were married to daughters of the deceased founder, Sir John Port, who conveyed the property for a free grammar school in the reign of Queen Mary I. It became a Victorian public school. [48]
Risley Grammar School 1598 Sir Michael and Catherine Willoughby left manor of Wilstthorp to pay for a free grammar school at Risley, near Derby. [5]
Wirksworth Grammar School 1575 Founded by Anthony Gell of Hopton Hall and endowed with land at Wirksworth, Kirk Ireton, and Kniveton. [59]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Ashburton Grammar School St Lawrence Chapel School 1547 Extinct A chantry school was built at St Lawrence, Ashburton from 1314. Henry VIII's Chantries Act 1545 abolished the old catholic schools to modernise establishments. In its place the grammar school was founded by William Blundell, endowed with land in the parishes of Staverton, Aveton Gifford and North Huish. [85]
Barnstaple Grammar School 1642 Richard Ferris, a merchant, founded with annuity of £10, charged to the parish of Paracombe. [86]
Bideford Grammar School 1657 The grammar school was rebuilt in 1657 by order of John Darracott, mayor; on an earlier foundation under the Bartholomew Act 1662. Maintenance of £200 by Mrs Stucley (d.1689); repaired buildings in 1780. A modest seat by the church with no emoluments. [40][87]


Chudleigh Grammar School Colyton Grammar School 1668 Founded by John Pinsent of Combe, a native of Chudleigh, lived in the parish of Croydon, Surrey. he was a prothonotary of common pleas. Endowment of £30 p.a. for maintenance of the master. It followed the doctrine of the Church of England and the Eton Grammar. Pynsent spent £200 on building the schoolhouse next the churchyard. [68]
Crediton Grammar School The King's Newe Gramer Scole of Crediton 1547 The twelve governors of the hereditaments of the goods of the Church of Crediton otherwise Kyrton, Devon. Late King Henry VIII granted £200 consideration. In August 1547, the charter was granted the Bishop of Exeter, and lands in St Lawrence. The governors also nominated the Vicar of Crediton. For poor of Exminster and Crediton. Att-Gen. Sir Vicary Gibbs v. Rev John Rudhall (7 July 1808) [89][90]
Exeter Hospital of Saint John Baptist The Free Grammar School, The Free English School and The Blue School 1240 founded by brothers Gilbert and John Long. It was confirmed by King Henry III and Pope Boniface. Later 18th-century extensions to the chapel for boarders accommodation. [91]
Exeter High Grammar School Exeter Cathedral School 1343 Independent Founded by Richard de Braylegh, Dean of Exeter on the chapter's lands. Sir John Acland of Culme-John endowed two scholars to Exeter College, Oxford (14 September 1609). Established on the profits of the high school about 1750. At the same time Canon Reynolds bequeathed £1,550 to establish Exhibitioners. [92][93]
Exeter Free Grammar School Exeter School 1 August 1633 Independent Founded by the "godlie intencion of Thomas Walker"; the "Maior and Common Counsell" of Exeter by statute and ordinance. Adopted the arms of Hugh Crossing's family. [5][94][95]
Honiton Grammar School Allhallows College 1515 Independent Founded and endowed with £12 p.a., arising out of town lands. The modern college is located at Rousden, near Lyme Regis, Dorset. The Old Honitonians owe their origins to the Devonian school. [86]
Kingsbridge Grammar School 1681 Founded by Thomas Crispin, a fuller of Exeter; endowed by Washbear Hays in parish of Bradninch, Devon to the value of £30 p.a. [21]
Saint Mary of Ottery Grammar School 1337 State Secondary/6th Form College Founded by John Grandsson, Bishop of Exeter who purchased the manor and church of Ottery; refounded by letters patent in 1545; a charter was granted in 1574. [96]
Plymouth Grammar School c1500 State Secondary/Sixth Form College The Corporation of Plymouth established a grammar school on the Charter House model; they paid a master £10 p.a.
Plympton Grammar School 1653 State Secondary/6th Form College Founded by Sir John Maynard in fulfilment of the will of Eliaeus Hele of Fardel. Endowed by an appropriation of £1,800, for a fee simple estate in parish of St Mary. [97]
Tiverton Grammar School 1599 Founded by Peter Blundell, a clothier, of Tiverton for "godly preachers of the Gospel". [35]
Totnes Grammar School 1554 Comprehensive The Corporation of Totnes purchased the priory, endowed with the freehold of a tenement near Rostabridge, in Harberton valued at £40 p.a. on 60 acres. [97]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Blandford Grammar School 1646 Comprehensive Founded by William Middleton, Abbot of Milton on manor and farm of the abbey. From 1970 to 1989 it was a Secondary Modern school. [98]
Cranborne Grammar School 1573 The Elizabethan free grammar school was followed a year later by a writing-school[clarification needed]; but by 1605 the school was being held in the village's Market House. The Marquess of Salisbury paid for the schoolroom to be built, and it remained in Lord Cranborne's gift. Initially 20 sons of wealthy local tradesmen were educated here. In the 18th century it was converted into a nonconformist Academy by Rev John Thompson, Vicar of Horton. Later in the Victorian era it was a National School for the children of the poor on Christian principles. [99]
Dorchester Grammar School The Thomas Hardye School 1579 Academy Amalgamated with the Dorchester Grammar School for Girls and the Dorchester Modern School. [59]
Evershot Grammar School Stickland's School 20 November 1628 Founded by Christopher Stickland of Yealden, Bedfordshire, by an indenture in his home town "for the instruction and breeding of men children". An endowment of 80 acres at Over Kingcombe on a seven-year lease, "The schoolmaster nominated... by The Founder; and after by the Feoffees...." Stickland's deceased sister, Petronella Byworth enfeoffed for £50 in her will. [5][100]
Gillingham Grammar School Gillingham School 1516 Free School According to Carlisle (1818) the founder was unknown. but by a decree of chancery (1598) customary manorial lands were granted "for the instruction of Youth in good literature". [101]
Milton Abbas Grammar School 1521 Founded by William Middleton, Abbot of Milton on manor and farm of the abbey, which was dissolved in 1540. By the deed of 1521, Middleton The grammar school remained in the village until 1805, when it moved to Blandford Forum.
Shaftesbury Grammar School 1625 Secondary William Whitaker and William Hurman bought land from Jane Grove for £40 to grant occupation for a school in Bimport Street by indenture of enfeoffment a messuage, tenement, and gardens intended for use of mayor, recorder, and capital burgesses of the Borough of Shaston on the deed of conveyance. Latterly it fell into disrepair because the corporation was too poor. The deed was promoted by William Herbert, 3rd Earl of Pembroke. [20]
Sherborne Grammar School 1437 Independent Original foundation from Thomas Copeland. Re-founded by Edward VI in 1551 as King Edward's Free Grammar School for boys; it was granted the dissolved chantry of Martock. The schoolhouse was built on the site of the abbey by Sir John Horsey of Clifton Maybank in 1554. Statutes were made in 1679. [29]
Wimborne Minster Grammar School Queen Elizabeth's School, Wimborne Minster 1497 Secondary Founded by Lady Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, mother of king Henry VII, by letters patent for a perpetual chantry. The dean and chapter "taught Grammar to all who came for instruction". At the Reformation it was a fee-farm[clarification needed] to the Crown; and then an Elizabethan Lord Mountjoye patented the school[clarification needed] from 1563. Queen Elizabeth Grammar School merged with Wimborne Secondary School on the present site around 1970. [102]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Bishop Auckland Grammar School Free Grammar School of King James 1605 King James I Academy, academy school Founded by Anna Swyfte and Ralph Maddison but not in Carlisle. Thomas Morton gave a school house in 1638. [103]
Darlington Grammar School Queen Elizabeth Sixth Form College 1567 Sixth Form College Endowed by Queen Elizabeth I's charter after dissolution of Robert Marshall's chantry. On 19 March 1688, there was an important charter drafted by John Middleton, Counsellor; and another in 1714 by John Cuthbert. Statutes on 3 February 1748 by Edmond Lowson, Robert Turner and Robert Robinson. [9][104]
Durham Grammar School Durham College 1414 Independent Founded by Bishop Langley [28]
Houghton le Spring Grammar School Kepier School 2 April 1574 Secondary/Sports Academy Known as the 'Apostle of the North', Bernard Gilpin, Rector of Houghton, established the village school. He drafted the charter with John Heath of Kepier; and the two men were its first governors. Their heirs were responsible for the school; a schoolhouse was erected on high ground north-east of the churchyard by Gilpin's will dated 17 October 1582. [105][106]
Sedgefield Grammar School Founded on Beacon Hill on 5 acres of land with only a field called Howle Hope for endowment of £2 12s. [57]
Wolsingham Grammar School Wolsingham School 1614 Secondary Land was leased by the Bishop of Durham.[g] [107][108]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Braintree Grammar School 1649 A former draper and grocer of the town, James Coker, endowed the school in 1702. The founder was Ralph Diggin, of Lisle, Southampton who gave land to the master and fellows of Clare Hall, Cambridge to fund scholars. [109]
Brentwood Grammar School 1558 Independent Sir Anthony Browne, leader of the Brownist sect, was granted a licence by Queen Elizabeth I. [48]
Chelmsford Grammar School 24 March 1552 Academy Founded by letters patent at the request of Sir William Petre, Secretary of State, with[clarification needed] Sir Walter Mildmay, Sir Henry Tirrell, and Henry Mildmay. [29]
Chigwell Grammar School Chigwell School 13 April 1629 Independent An indenture was ordered by Samuel Harsnet, Archbishop of York to found a grammar school and endow a master, with a remainder for extra food. The trustees included the local vicar and a parson of Loughton plus twelve "discreet Parishoners of Chigwell." "In the Principles of our Christian Religion According to the Order of the Book of Common Prayer...I strictly inhibit...upon penalty of Loss of his Place, that he grant no Otiums...."[h] For example, discipline was firm so "That no scholar upon Pain of Whipping, do make Water within the Walls of the Court-Yard." [5][110]
Colchester Grammar School 1207 Grammar There was no endowment until the Reformation (1539). Furthermore, a charter was granted on 14 May 1574. [59]
Dedham Grammar School Queen Elizabeth's Free School 1571 Extinct By his will, 20 July 1571, William Littlebury, gentleman, bequeathed £20 p.a. off Ragmarsh Farm in the parishes of Bradfield and Wrabness for a schoolmaster. The charter of 14 May 1574 ordered the name to be changed to Queen Elizabeth's Free Grammar School. The master must be an Oxbridge graduate, and two scholars were sent to Cambridge. The school closed in 1889. The east end of schoolhouse was made of timber; and a brick west end was added 1723. The whole building had ceased to exist before 1923.

The artist John Constable (1776–1837) attended the school.

Earl's Colne Grammar School 1520 extinct Christopher Swallow, clerk, erstwhile Vicar of Messing, endowed the school with Pickstones Farm and Tumbletie Cottage in the parish of Sisted; and Potts, a cottage with land. Despite noble patronage of Aubrey de Vere, Earl of Oxford he deeds were never covered by statute. Closed in 1975. [98]
Felsted Grammar School 1564 Co-educational Independent Richard, Lord Rich, Lord Chancellor founded with "ample provision." The first three headmasters G. manning, M.Holbeach, and C.Glasscock made the school nationally famous. The chapel begun 1873 has been altered several times. The old premises were sold in 1894 and the prep school began in 1894. Ten years later a carpentry shops was added. In 1930 a huge fire destroyed much of the school. The Independent Schools Inspectorate rated the school "excellent" in all categories. The old Guild Hall once housing the grammar is now used by the prep school. [3]
Halsted Grammar School 1594 Originally intended for Clavering, Dame Mary Ramsey endowed a schoolhouse with £40 p.a. for the education of 43 children within the town, three of whom were free scholars. [85]
Maldon Grammar School 2 March 1608 founded by Ralph Breder, alderman of Corporation of Maldon bequeathed £300. The left the master's nomination to the feoffees, and later to the town's bailiffs. The Archdeacon of Rochester, Thomas Plume erected a schoolhouse on the medieval site of St Peter's church. He also donated almost his entire library to maintain a keeper, who was bonded not to steal. The school was granted a scholarship to Christ's College, Cambridge. [114]
Newport Grammar School Newport Free Grammar School 1588 Joyce Franckland, was the widow of Robert Trapps, Goldsmith of London, a portionist of Great Tythe, she bequeathed two houses in London, and a tenement in Hertford valued at £23 10s. p.a. She also left a house in Philip Lane, Aldermanbury. Scholarships to Gonvil & Caius College, Cambridge. [59]
Saffron Walden Grammar School 1522 Extinct The Vicar of Walden, Rev. John Leche was prepared in his will to found from 24 March 1514. Joan, Lady Bradbury granted a rent-charge on the manor of Willynghall Spayne as party of her contract with the "Treasurer and Chambreleyns of the Fraternitie or gilde of the Holy Trinite in the Parishe of Walden." It was later endowed by Sir William Dawson, and then by Sir Thomas Smith, the Elizabethan courtier. Closed in 1940. [11][115][116][117]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Chipping Campden Grammar School Chipping Campden School 1487 Founded by John Fereby (alias Varby). It was endowed with a moiety of the manor of Lynham, in County of Oxford, with a large Finis Close. Subsequently, sold for Barton on the Heath, Warwick and settled by a decree in chancery. Open "to all boys of the Parish" it had a fourth share in an Exhibition to Pembroke College, Oxford. Refounded in 1964 from amalgamations. [16][118]
Cheltenham Grammar School Pate's Grammar 1574 Extinct founded by Richard Pates Esq., with a schoolmaster in the bishop's nomination. Latterly eight Exhibitioners were granted to Pembroke College, Oxford. [59]
Cirencester Grammar School 1461 Extinct Founded and built by Thomas Ruthal, Bishop of Durham, who was born at Cirencester, in 1508. By his will John Jones, gentleman, had left six houses for Masses to his soul. It was endowed with £7 p.a. on chantry lands dissolved and made over to the Commissioners Sir Walter Mildmay and Robert Keyleway, Esq.

Now defunct; the school was closed in 1966

Gloucester Grammar School The King's School, Gloucester or The College Independent Founded by King Henry IV in 1410, Case Grammar School is said to be one of the oldest schools in England to survive in its old form. [28]
Gloucester, Saint Mary de Crypt Grammar School The Crypt School 1539 Academy with sixth form Foundation originated with Lady Joan Cooke; refounded on the dissolution of the monastery at Llanthony Secunda by the order of parliament.
Northleach Grammar School 1559 Founded by Hugh Westwood Esq., of Chedworth; seised of the rectory and parsonage in his lifetime, his will expressly conveyed a house, garden and close in trust, for the inhabitants of the town's purchase. Westwood's heir entered the estate and sued for it in chancery through a Bill of Complaint in Attorney-General v. Westwood. Closed c. 1904. [119][120]
Chipping Sodbury Grammar School Was settled by a decree of chancery in 166? on the surrounding villages of Old Sodbury, Chipping Sodbury and Wickwar. [20]
Tetbury Grammar School Sir William Romney's School c. 1600 Sir William Rumney, alderman and sheriff of London, founded the school, funded on the profits of fairs and markets in the town. George, Lord Berkeley of Berkeley Castle purchased the advowson, borough, manor and customs to permit the town's incorporation of the school. [62]
Tewkesbury Grammar School 1625 Founded by William Ferrers, citizen and mercer of London; and endowed by £20 p.a. A charter of William III in 1701 incorporated the body politic. [121]
Thornbury Grammar School Secondary State-funded secondary school in Alveston [121]
Wickwar Grammar School 1684 One story has Alexander Hosea, weaver, founding the school. [122]
Winchcombe Grammar School The Royal Grammar School
The King's School
1562 The visitor, Lord Chidiock Powlett, receiver-general brought the revenues to the Elizabethan Crown. [96]
Winchcombe, The Lady Chandos Grammar School 1622 Founded by Lady Frances Chandos [114]
Wotton-under-Edge Grammar School The Free Grammar School of the Lord Berkeley in Wotton-Under-Edge 1384/5 Originally the foundation under royal licence of Lady Katherine Berkeley, widow, it miraculously escaped the Reformation, and survived. It was caught by "An Act for the Dissolution of Chantries" however, so a petition heard in Attorney-General v. John Smith (20 January 1622). It was finalised in the King's Bench by decree order of a "beneficial lease", and surrendered to letters patent (24 May 1625) in perpetuity. Rents were reserved for the master's stipend. Ordinances were made real by the Chancellor to the Bishop of Gloucester: well-endowed by several legal benefactors. [64]


For Hampshire see County of Southampton.


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Bosbury Grammar School c. 1560 Founded by Sir Rowland Morton of The Grange. It was endowed with £8 p.a. by the Receiver of Fee-Farm Rents on the manor of Wormbridge on about 30 acres. A desirable site for which local benefactor Richard Reed of Lugwardine founded an exhibition to Brasenose College, Oxford in 1676. In 1868 it was a National School under inspection (see: Gladstone's National reforms). [22][123]
Bromyard Grammar School Since 1356 In 1394 a chantry school was founded. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the school was granted a charter for its refoundation as a boys' grammar school by Queen Elizabeth I. It was revived by the Goldsmiths Company (1851). In 1958, the Grammar School, which had been admitting boys and girls since 1914, combined with the secondary school established in 1961 and the school was opened as Bromyard County Secondary School in 1963. It was a Secondary Modern School by 1969; and it is now known as Queen Elizabeth School. In 1976, it became a comprehensive school for pupils aged 11 to 16. [3]
Colwall Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Colwall Green 10 December 1612 Founded by Humphrey Walwyn, citizen and Grocer of London, in pursuance of his will, "for the poor children of the parish and seven of the poorest children in Little Malvern to be taught freely". An endowment of £600 was left; and the will provided that two wardens would visit the school every three years. Non-classical, most of the 50 children attending in 1868 were under 10 years. [62][124]
Hereford Grammar School Hereford Cathedral School 26 December 1384 Extinct Founded by Bishop Trellick in the cathedral close. A statute for the grammar school ordinances was enacted on 6 March 1583. The will of Dr Charles Langford (d. 1607), dean of Hereford "nominated four scholars...until the Mortmain can be procured." Six years later in 1613 two more scholarships were secured at Brasenose College, Oxford (1868[clarification needed]) and St John's College, Cambridge.[125] Since 1636 Vicars Choral had call[clarification needed] on school buildings, until new construction in the 1870s.

See also Aylestone Business and Enterprise College.

Kington Grammar School Lady Hawkins' School 1632 At the west end of Upper Hergest (about 5 km SW of Kington), Margaret, Lady Hawkins, widow, erected a schoolhouse on one acre. The school was endowed with 300 acres in the parish of Kington. Farm fee-rent of £270 p.a. for the master and usher. [5]
Kinnersley Grammar School Extinct
Ledbury Grammar School Medieval Extinct Refounded in Upper Hall in 1923, amalgamated in 1978 with Ledbury County Secondary School and Canon Frome Secondary School to form John Masefield High School. [57]
Lucton Grammar School 9 December 1709 Founded by John Pierrepoint, citizen and vintner of London, by indenture. In 1709 an act of Parliament constituted the body corporate of governors from[clarification needed] the City of London. ".. the benefits of the school may generally enjoyed by the sons of Yeomen..." [109][126]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
St. Albans Grammar School 1309 Independent Original statutes from Edward II's parliament. Refounded in 1539 when school moved to St Peter's Church, St Albans. A private act of Parliament (1548) was obtained by Richard Boreman; but it was not formally a free grammar until a charter of 12 May 1553, it which it was empowered to receive rents to the value of £40 p.a. Charters followed in successive reigns, that enumerated the enfranchisement of three taverns, and its duties "towards the maintenance of The Free School." [127]
Aldenham Grammar School 1597 Independent founded by Richard Platt, citizen of London, former Master of Brewers Company, from letters patent from Elizabeth I in 1596 as "Free Grammar school and Almshouses". The school was east of the almshouses, the master appointed by the Brewers Company; they gained a common seal to master and fellows of St John's College, Cambridge on 28 November 1601. [18]
Chipping Barnet Grammar School Queen Elizabeth's School, Barnet 24 March 1573 After Dudley's petition to the Queen, the applicant Edward Underne was granted a charter to found a free grammar school "for instruction and bringing up boys...". There is a body corporate by perpetual succession. [127]
Berkhampstead Grammar School Berkhamsted School 14 October 1541 Independent Founded by John Incent, Dean of St Paul's, London and a native of Berkhamsted, by letters patent, it was duly incorporated, impleaded[clarification needed] and granted a common seal. A handsome brick building was erected in the north-east of the churchyard. A chief master was appointed on 23 March 1545. The school was endowed to a value of £40 p.a. Visitor every third year was the warden of All Souls College, Oxford by a Decretal Order (1744); later subject to Lord Eldon's Charity Jurisdictional Commission (1814). The original school was amalgamated in 1997. [96][128]
Buntingford Grammar School 1633 founded by Mrs Elizabeth Freeman, widow of Aspeden Hall, and "the overplus" with nine acres in Great Munden. The Bishop of Salisbury, Dr. Seth Ward divided between the fellows of Christ's College, Cambridge on a generous foundation of £1,000 settled by payment for four scholarships of £12 p.a. from the Wimbush estate. Restricted to locals only, the scholars were nominated by Rector of Aspeden and Vicar of Layston. [5][129]
Hertford Grammar School Richard Hale School 16 April 1617 Academy Richard Hale, Esq., made 2 Guineas p.a. as schoolmaster in a profitable concern! the founder "pro eruditione et instructione Puerorum et Juvenum" (for the teaching and instruction of Boys and Youths) Hale acquired letters patent. His son and heir, Bernard Hale, S.T.P., created seven scholarships at Peterhouse, Cambridge. Viscount Melbourne took an interest in the appointment of governors. Founder was merchant Richard Hale, who wished to "erect a grammar school for the instruction of children in the Latin tongue and other literature in the town of Hertford". The original school building was in use for 313 years from 1617 to 1930, and still stands near to All Saints' Church. For most of its life the school was known as the "Hertford Grammar School" until 1967, when it was renamed to coincide with the 350th anniversary. Girls are introduced to a Sixth Form. Academy status was realised in 2013. [130][68]
Stansted Abbots Grammar School 10 November 1635 Founded by Sir Edward Baesh for sons of the village inhabitants. The deed offered a rent-charge payable to the governors of Hertford grammar for a master on £20 pa. But under Endowed Schools Act 1879 the Baesh Scholarship Endowment scheme was split to support Ware and Hertford grammar schools. [37][131][132]
Stevenage Grammar School The Thomas Alleyne Academy 1588 Academy The Elizabethan school was refounded in 2013 [48]
Bishop Stortford Grammar School Margaret, wife of wealthy merchant William Dane, of the Ironmongers Company was born in the town, so when William died he bequeathed £50 for endowment of poor school. Margaret (d.1579) left £2000 in her will to build a schoolhouse, as well as £5 p.a. for maintenance. A Latin and Writing school was attached to a growing library. Scholarships were sponsored to Cambridge. A new building was put on Hadham Road (1929) when it merged with the local college. [105][133]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Godmanchester Grammar School 20 September 1558 Extinct Richard Robins left the school money in his last will and testament. [9]
Huntingdon Grammar School Huntingdon Free Grammar School Recognised 1570 Hinchingbrooke School An earlier school existed in the time of Henry II. [64]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Ashford Grammar School The Norton Knatchbull School 1630 Academy Founded 'a free school here and endowed' by Sir Norton Knatchbull (later the family of baronets and Lords Brabourne). In the school's deeds, dated from 22 February 1638, a master was salaried £30 pa. The school was built in 1635 west of the church (known as Dr Dilks Hall) on Church of England episcopalian doctrine. There were strong ties to Cambridge University, who prompted library building (1715). Academic studies prospered in the 18th century as the curriculum broadened (1760) into French, Maths, and accounting. Re-founded in 1878. The school moved to Hythe Road in 1881, but it was demolished and re-built in 1956. It changed its name in 1973 but still bears the Knatchbull shield. [37][134]
Biddenden Grammar School 1522 The school was founded by a wealthy merchant William Mayne, who lived in the parish. [3]
Canterbury Grammar School The King's School, Canterbury 8 April 1541 Independent Mission of St Augustine founded the School in Canterbury was converted to a public school in the Victorian period, now predominantly boarding. OFSTED 2017 marked it as "outstanding", although it had earlier been criticised for fee-fixing. The junior school was donated by imperialist Lord Milner. The grammar school opened a new music department in 2016, and a sports hall in 1999. [28]
Charing Grammar School 28 September 1761 The school was founded by Mrs Elizabeth Ludwell.
Cranbrook Grammar School Cranbrook School, Kent 1518 Co-educational State Grammar "William Lynche to found a frescole howse for all the pour children of the towne…" in Richard Baker's will (1504). Simon Lynche and a yeoman of King's Armoury, John Blubery received a royal charter (1574) from Queen Elizabeth I for the endowment. Celebrated 500th anniversary in 2018 for which a full history was published by archivist, Peter Allen. OFSTED school is "outstanding". [105][135][136]
Feversham Grammar School Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Faversham 10 December 1527 Voluntary-aided co-educational grammar school Since its foundation in the 12th century there has always been a school in Faversham. The earliest grammar school (1420) was later endowed by John Cole before the Reformation by the Grace of Henry VIII from Ewell Farm.[clarification needed] On petition the grammar school was successfully[clarification needed] endowed to re-open in 1576. Mayor Henry Wreight (d.1840) endowed a commercial legacy in his will. The schoolA merged with the local girls school, and became co-educational in 1967. [105][137]
Goudhurst Grammar School 1670 Extinct John Horsmonden left £35 per year for a master, a 'pious and learned man' but no provision for school buildings. A further £5 per year was provided to teach the poor. Lands at Tenterden provided an income, but the school failed in 1833. A National School merger was discussed but went unfunded[clarification needed]: one[clarification needed] was built on the site of the old grammar school in 1875. Horsmonden's endowment was used for higher education purposes until liquidated in 1960s. [138][139]
Lewisham (Blackheath) Grammar School Colfe's School 1494 A chantry school at the Reformation, it was refounded in 1568 by Rev John Glyn; and later endowed by Abraham Colfe as a free grammar school in 1652. [46][140]
Maidstone Grammar School 1549 State-run Grammar School The original Grey Friars Order School on Gabriel's Hill dates to 1348. In 1390s it moved to All Saints College by the church. In early 15th century it moved to Earl Street. Protector Somerset, from whom the town's corporation gained a reversion granted by a royal charter, officially founded the grammar school. By 1930 it was at Barton Road, Maidstone. In 2010-11 it acquired a Learning Centre and Sixth Form. The school reverted to entry at 13 in 1973 and a traditional House system was established in 2007. The school regularly sends pupils to Oxbridge. [89][141]
Rochester King's School 1541 Independent Dates from the foundation of the Diocese of Rochester in 604, although according to tradition there was a school here when St Augustine founded it. [28][142]
New Romney Grammar School Southland's Grammar School c. 1610 John Southland of New Romney endowed the school and almshouses for the poor; "and should teach from time to time two poor children to write and read the English tongue, and cast accoumpt, until they should come to the age of 14 years clearly". The schoolhouse was situated in St Nicholas near the church. The John Southland Trust scheme was renewed from 22 December 1916, and was renewed by parliament in 1923 "to go to poor children". [143][144]
Sandwich Grammar School Sir Roger Manwood's School 1563 Academy founded by Sir Roger Manwood [3]
Sevenoaks Grammar School Sevenoaks School 1432 Independent Founded by Sir William Sennocke . [16]
Sutton Valence Grammar School Sutton Valence School 1576 Founded as a free grammar school by William Lambe, a master of the Clothworkers Company [105]
Tenterden Grammar School 1521 Mayor John Mantell, grazier, of Kenchill (d.1702) endowed £200. [98]
Tonbridge School 1553 Sir Andrew Judde [22]
Wye Grammar School 1447 Original foundation by John Kempe. Refounded as a grammar school, 1627. [16]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Blackburn Grammar School Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School 1509 Free School Academy Became direct grant from 1944, and independent after 1976.
Blackrod Grammar School Rivington and Blackrod High School 1586 An original endowment in 1566, by James Pilkington, Bishop of Durham preceded John Holmes' foundation. In 1973 Rivington and Blackrod grammar schools amalgamated with Horwich County Secondary School to form the Rivington & Blackrod High School. [127]
Great Bolton Grammar School? 1516 Independent Endowed in 1524 by William Haigh of Wigan. Amalgamation in 1899 of Day School, High School for Girls with the High School for Boys. [20][46]
Burnley Grammar School 1552 Extinct Founded by Gilbert Fairbank on closure of chantry schools by King Edward VI. [22]
Bury Grammar School c. 1570 Independent Grammar [78]
Cartmel Grammar School Cartmel Gatehouse Priory 1624 Extinct The school was closed in 1790. It was founded in a former Augustinian priory building. [32]
Chorley Grammar School Parklands High School 1611 Academy The grammar school was founded William Hawkshead and Thomas Ainscow, the parish churchwardens. The high school was opened in 1962; it converted to academy status in 2012. [62]
Clitheroe Royal Grammar School 1554 Academy Founded in the names of the Catholic King Philip II of Spain and Queen Mary I, converted to academy status in 2011 out of the Girls Grammar (established 1958) and the Boys Grammar, which had amalgamated in 1985. [55]
Farnworth Grammar School 1715 Extinct Closed in 1982. [145]
Hawkshead Grammar School 1585 Extinct Founded by Edwin Sandys the school was closed in 1909; the building is now a museum. [59][146]
Lancaster Royal Grammar School 1469 Founded by John Gardyner. An endowment was recorded in 1615, but the school was also documented in the corporation's books c. 1495. [16]
Leyland Grammar School [36]
Liverpool Grammar School Liverpool Collegiate School 1840 Comprehensive Opened in 1843 by William Gladstone MP, it achieved state grammar school status in 1907 on purchase by Liverpool City Council. Oulton High School merged (1943). [98]
Manchester Grammar School 1515 Independent The grammar school became independent in 1976 on the abolition of the Direct Grant system. [11]
Middleton Grammar School 11 August 1572 Founded by Alexander Nowell, D.D, Dean of St Paul's, London. Letters patent were granted from Lord Burghley on 24 June 1572 authorising the establishment by charter of foundation vested in the fellows of Brasenose College, Oxford. It became co-educational, and a new building erected in 1782. [11]
Prescot Grammar School [35]
Preston Grammar School [62]
Rivington Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth in Rivington 13 May 1566 Voluntary aided Comprehensive school Situated in the parish of Bolton le Moors, Rivington grammar school was founded by letters patent on 13 May 1566 granted to James Pilkington, Bishop of Durham. [105]
Rochdale Grammar School 1 January 1565 The school was founded on indenture granted by Matthew Parker, Doctor of Divinity, Archbishop of Canterbury. [3]
Whalley Grammar School 1549 founded by King Edward VI with a small endowment of only 20 marks. [89]
Wigan Grammar School 11 January 1619 James Leigh, gentleman, granted an indenture to trustees in land for the foundation of a grammar school. [114]
Winwick Grammar School c. 1600 Gwalter Legh, Esquire founded the grammar school near Warrington for a small endowment of only £10 marks per annum. [27]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Appleby Parva Grammar School Sir John Moore Church of England Primary School 1697 Junior School Founded by Sir John Moore MP, merchant of London. President of Christ's Hospital, he was a great benefactor. John Mould-Moore, who inherited by statute on 2 June 1702, endowed the estate with 228 acres. The large building was designed by Sir Christopher Wren; being 100 ft long, 50 ft wide, it was mentioned in Boswell's Life of Johnson. The headmaster had to have an MA from Oxford. The school was also associated with Swift and Pope. [39][147]
Ashby de la Zouch Grammar School 1567 Academy Founded by Henry, Earl of Huntingdon who wrote the statutes in 1575. The head was paid from a "surplusage" out of the land rents. Trustees v. Rev. Lloyd was a famous case in chancery to determine pecuniary liability. [3][148]
Market Bosworth Grammar School 1593 Independent Founded by Sir Wolstan Dixie, lord mayor of London. By his will the Skinners Company gained control; they endowed and built it from ashlar stone. Letters patent were issued on 11 May 1601 under common seal. Fellowships at Emmanuel, Cambridge to supply the masters. In Attorney-General, ex parte J Farmer, W Vincent, T Baker, v. Dixie family (1662) negligence and mismanagement was imputed against the Disney family. [28][149]
Market Harborough Grammar School Smith's Charity School 20 November 1614 Robert Smith, a citizen of London, founded a grammar school in his native town of Market Harborough. [27]
Kibworth Grammar School Kibworth Beauchamp, near Market Harborough 1450 A school was built in the close of Thomas Kilpeck. [57]
Leicester Grammar School 7 April 1573 Independent Ancient statutes subscribed by Earl of Huntingdon. A charter was declared to convert the decayed church for £35: for 40 boarders in a corporation dwelling-house. [3]
Loughborough Grammar School 29 April 1495 Independent Original foundation by Thomas Burton. A trust for a free school was endowed in 1597. Feoffees determined the rules for scholars. [150]
Melton Mowbray Grammar School 1347 Comprehensive The original foundation for Edward III, was refounded during the reformation. There were two schools, boys and girls, with poor scholars to Lincoln College, Oxford.


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Alford Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth I Deed from 1565, stone laid by Francis Stanning, merchant who endowed with £50. Encouraged by Lord Burghley. In the 19th century it also took boarders. [3]
Boston Grammar School 1554 Founded and endowed by Queen Mary I. [55]
Bourne Grammar School [37]
Butterwick Grammar School 2 November 1665 Founded by Anthony Pinchbeck, yeoman, endowed with lands of four surrounding parishes. [68]
Caistor Grammar School Founded in the will of Francis Rawlinson, clerk, and Rector of St Nicholas, South Kelsey. The land belonged to Sir Edward Ayscough secured by licence of mortmain. Rawlinson bought the tithes for £130 on Clerk's Ale at Easter. Patronage passed to Boucherett family, and scholars to Jesus College, Cambridge. [5]
Gainsborough Grammar School 20 December 1630 Endowed by Queen Elizabeth I, and incorporated with lands, hereditaments and premises for the poor children of the town. Re-founded in 1795 after dereliction, by vicar, Rev Urquhart. [85]
Glanford Bridge Grammar School Brigg Grammar School 11 September 1669 Endowed by a farm at Fulsby, and lands at Horncastle. Boys born in Brigg, and total of 80 pupils. Trustees used tythes of Market Rasen.
Grantham Grammar School 1500 Founded by Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester Indenture included President of Corpus Christi, Oxford, and William Disney of Norton Disney. [11]
Grimsby Grammar School Founded by letters patent at The Chantry Farm for £40 5s 6d. There were subsequent trustees who paid benefices out of lands. [89]
Holbeach Grammar School 12 July 1547 Founded by George Farmer of St Andrew's, Holborn. A master was appointed "without any salary…" [138]
Horncastle Grammar School 25 January 1571 Founded by letters patent with uncertain revenues from land threatened with inundation. [127]
Laceby Grammar School 25 June 1712 Founded in pursuance of the will of Philip Stamford of Laceby,
Lincoln Cathedral Chapter School The Close Grammar School, Lincoln In 1584 it was united with the corporation school in Lincoln. [59]
Lincoln grammar school 1584 An amalgamation of the City Free School and the Cathedral Chapter School
Louth Grammar School King Edward VI Grammar School, Louth 21 September 1552 Founded by letters patent. The St Mary's Church was converted as a schoolhouse. It was granted a charter (1702) by Queen Anne and Statutes and Ordinances (1796). [29]
Louth Park Grammar School 1139 Founded by Tanner, Bishop of Lincoln for Cistercians at Haverholm dedicated to the Virgin. At Reformation the estate was offered to Charles, Duke of Suffolk.
Moulton Grammar School 19 September 1560 Founded by will of John Harrox, yeoman, and endowed with land in Moulton and Whaplode. [9]
New Sleaford Grammar School Carre Academy The Free and Common School 1 September 1604 Robert Carr, Esq of Aswardby was the founder [36]
Spalding Grammar School Founded by John Gamblyn and John Blank by letters patent from Charles I. A local school, but no scholarships, among endowments was the Chapelry of Cowbit. The statutes (1681) equipped St John's, Cambridge to choose the master. [59][151]
Stamford Grammar School Radcliffe's School, The Free Grammar School 1333 Medieval attempts made by Oxford to suppress schools at Stamford. St John's College built a magnificent schoolhouse; given by Matthew Bellot, secretary to Burghley. The lord appointed 24 scholars courtesy of the Earl of Exeter. [11]
Wainfleet Grammar School c. 1484, William Wainfleet Founded by William Waynflete, Bishop of Winchester, Lord Chancellor to Henry VI. Magdalen, Oxford bought and repaired the school buildings from 1755. It was patronised by the Society of Antiquaries, which wrote a book about the school in the 18th century. [16]
Wragby Grammar School By will of William Hansard, Esq land was conveyed to Thomas Grantham, Esq Lord of the manor of Standon, Wragby. For many years owned by the Sir Edmund Turnor's family. [37][57][152]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Allhallows Barking Grammar School 1689 Founded by James Hickson in Plough Yard for 20 poor children in the parishes of Allhallows Barking and St John, Wapping. [21]
Charterhouse School 1349 Independent Founded in 1611 by Thomas Sutton on the site of the old Carthusian priory. [62]
Christ's Hospital School The Hospitals of Edward the Sixth, King of England, of Christ, Bridewell, and Saint Thomas the Apostle 26 June 1553 Independent The House of The Grey Friars was endowed, and the cloisters donated by King Edward VI. [22]
Mercers' Chapel Grammar School The School of Saint Thomas of Acons in the Parish of St Michael Pater Noster Royal 1447 Extinct Founded by Henry VI, it was refounded by Sir Thomas Gresham on 28 September 1541, and endowed by the Mercers Company, with an act of Parliament. [28]
Merchant Taylors' School Independent [9]
St Paul's School, London 1512 Independent re-founded by Dean Colet. [98]
Westminster School Westminster College[citation needed] Independent [48]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Enfield Grammar School 1505 State-run Grammar School Originally Blossom's chantry c. 1470, John Carew (or Crowe) enfeoffed a freehold, Paynetts, for uses and purposes of a school "to teach read Latin and English, and to understand Grammar, and to write their Latines according to the use and trade of Grammar Scholes."
Hampton Grammar School now Hampton School 7 March 1556 Independent Founded in the will of Robert Hamonde of Harefield. By a loophole, his heir Robert was able to convey estate to Francis Newdegate, Esq. £3 p.a. paid to vicar to teach. [55]
Harrow Grammar School now Harrow School 19 February 1571 Independent Founder John Lyon "used to give and pay for the teaching of thirty poor Children...until said building finished...." Letters patent of Queen Elizabeth I granted; followed by statutes (18 February 1590), which constituted the governors as a body corporate. £5 towards two scholars at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge. In the case of Attorney-General v. Dixie, school governors became subject to removal in fraud cases. [127][153]
Highgate Grammar School now Highgate School 6 April 1565 Independent Founded by Sir Roger Cholmeley, knight, Lord Chief Justice, for the education of poor boys. Other governors included Sir William Hewett, Richard Martin, and Aldermen Roger Carew, Richard Heywood, Richard Hodges, and Jasper Cholmeley, who made the school a body corporate. [3][154]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Abergavenny Grammar School King Henry VIII School, Abergavenny 24 July 1542 [96]
Llandeilo Cresseney Grammar School 1654 Extinct founded by local man James Powell for charitable and other purposes. [46]
Monmouth Grammar School Now Monmouth School and Haberdashers' Monmouth School for Girls c. 1613 Independent Haberdashers' Company [27][155]
Usk Grammar School 1621 Founded by Roger Edwards [114][156][157]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Aylesham Grammar School 1818 The manor's medieval foundation belonged to Edward III.[i] Refounded by Robert Jannys, mayor of Norwich in 1564, and endowed with £10, paid by the city's Treasurer; scholarships were endowed at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.[full citation needed] [158][159]
Harleston Grammar School Archbishop Sancroft High School Named after the patron of 1688. [21]
Hingham Grammar School 1727 Founded by William Parlett, before moving to the present site in Hardingham Street. The old grammar school is a listed building (1977). A Congregational chapel was added in 1836. [78][160]
Holt Grammar School Gresham's School 1555 Independent International Baccalaureate School [55]
King's Lynn Grammar School King Edward VII School, King's Lynn 1510 Comprehensive Sports college [98]
Norwich Grammar School King Edward VI's Grammar School, now Norwich School 1547 Independent [89]
Scarning Grammar School
Snettesham Grammar School 1708 Extinct Founded by the will of Anthony Hall, yeoman of Snettesham, on five acres put in trust for 20 poor boys of the parish. In 1920 the school was sold for demolition and its carrstone; only the old sanatorium remained. [54]
Thetford Grammar School 631; 1566 Independent Day School Refounded by Sir Richard Fulmerston, a Roman Catholic knight who was an MP, and with the patronage of the Duke of Norfolk. Amalgamated with girls grammar in 1975 before independence in 1981. [3]
North Walsham Grammar School 1 October 1606 Paston Sixth Form College Founded by Sir William Paston, a notable merchant. In 1766 a new building. The school later amalgamated with the girls' grammar school. It became Voluntary aided in 1953, and voluntary controlled in 1971 until[clarification needed] sixth form in 1984. [121]
Little Walsingham Grammar School [30]
Wymondham Grammar School [29]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Aynhoe Grammar School 1620 Founded by the will of Mrs Mary Cartwright, her heirs were enabled to appoint the schoolmaster. Twenty-five scholars and ten poor children survived on only a £20 annual rent-charge. [46][161]
Blakesley Grammar School 1669 Founded on about 70 acres in Blakesley Field by the will of William Foxley. The Rectors of Braden and Maidford and the vicar of the village of Blakesley were the trustees. A £90 rent with £15 land values. The school between 20 and 30 schools at first. [138][162]
Blissworth Grammar School 1548 Lady Elizabeth Wake built a school on chantry land. It was endowed with lands and tenements in the county of £12 p.a. Wake controlled the mastership.
Brackley Grammar School 1153 A medieval Earl of Leicester held a school in the hospital at Brackley, but Lord Lovell disposed of it to the President of Magdalen College, Oxford. It was indemnified by the trustees of the diocese of Lincoln. After the chantry was also transferred to Magdalen, the fellows eventually endowed a free school in 1549; the college acted as visitor. [89]
Daventry Grammar School 1576 founded by William Parker of Daventry, a wealthy London merchant. By 1600 there was a fifty-acre establishment. It was originally situated in New Street, before being moved in 1937. Closed in the 1980s it merged with the Secondary Modern. [105]
Findon Grammar School
Fotheringhay Grammar School Endowed by the Elizabethan grant, distinguished courtiers endowed the grammar school, and appointed a nominee as schoolmaster. Local children could go free. [36][163]
Guilesborough Grammar School 1668 founded by the deeds of Sir John Langham. Ten trustees and the heirs of the founder were granted the right of appointing the schoolmasters. Fifty children from the local townships were allowed to attend. From the start there were no free scholars but seven boarders. [68][164]
Higham Ferrers Grammar School 1422 Founded by Henry Chichele, Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Chancellor to King Henry V by letters patent. Refounded in 1543. About forty children of the parish were taught here. [16]
Northampton Grammar School 1542 Secondary school a deed granted by Thomas Chipsey founded by which the corporation was appointed to superintend the appointment of a school master. An usher was endowed in 1689 to teach Latin; and the city corporation limited the number of free scholars to twenty-five. [28][165]
Oundle Grammar School Laxton's Grammar School 1556 Independent Founded by Sir William Laxton with an almshouse. The Grocers Company appointed the schoolmaster and usher. Taylor's Exhibition was paid in default to the head boy because there were no scholars to claim it. [55][166]
Peterborough Grammar School Academy [28]
Preston Capes Grammar School
Rothwell Grammar School
Towcester Grammar School Secondary school [22]
Wellingborough Grammar School Independent [18][167]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Allendale Grammar School 1700 Founded at St Brides Hill, and built in 1704. endowments of £250 to found a grammar school on the west side of East Allendale. [40]
Alnwick Grammar School Duke's Middle School [86]
Haydon Bridge Grammar School Haydon Bridge High School Mixed Secondary boarding As of December 2016 it looks as the school will be closed and amalgamated, after an academy status bid failed last October. [122]
Hexham Grammar School Queen Elizabeth High School 1599 The royal charter was followed by an additional endowment in 1684. The town's Elizabethan Hallgate was sold in 2012. [35]
Morpeth Grammar School[22] The King Edward VI School, Morpeth 1550 Voluntary-controlled Academy refounded by William Turner
Newcastle-upon-Tyne Grammar School Royal Grammar School 1545 Founded adjacent to the cathedral by Thomas Horsley, merchant and mayor of Newcastle; granted an Elizabethan charter. Moved to Jesmond in 1906. [35]
Rothbury Grammar School Rothbury Free Grammar School; Thomlinson's School [69]
Stamfordham Grammar School [74]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Mansfield Grammar School [9]
Newark Grammar School [11]
Normanton Grammar School [85]
Nottingham Grammar School Nottingham High School 1382 Independent Founded by "Scolemaystre" William Adbolton in the reign of Richard II. The free grammar school was re-established in 1512 by Sir Thomas Lovell at Bellar Gate. [98]
East Retford Grammar School [29]
Southwell Grammar School [96]
Tuxford Grammar School [14]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
East Adderbury Grammar School The Free Grammar School at East Adderbury 1589 Christopher Rawlins [168]
Steeple Aston Grammar School [86]
Banbury Grammar School
Burford Grammar School 1571 Secondary [127]
Bampton Grammar School [37]
Charlebury Grammar School
Dorchester-on-Thames Grammar School [30]
Ewelme Grammar School 1437 William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk, as almshouse with a teacher. [16]
Henley Grammar School Henley College 1987 Sixth Form College Only Sixth Form college in the county [36]
Magdalen College School 1480, Bishop William Waynflete Independent Became a Direct Grant school in 1949; became independent by 1976.
Chipping Norton Grammar School [89]
Thame Grammar School [105]
Watlington Grammar School [68]
Witney Grammar School [74]
New Woodstock Grammar School [59]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Oakham Grammar School Oakham School 1584 Independent Robert Johnson. [85]
Uppingham Grammar School Uppingham School 1584 Independent Robert Johnson founded the free grammar school in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. [85]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Bridgnorth Grammar School Bridgnorth Endowed School (1974) 1503 Co-educational comprehensive Founded by Sir Rowland Hayward, judge, and others for the corporation of the town on chantry revenues of St Leonard's church of £8 p.a. [89][169]
Donington Grammar School Thomas Cowley School, Thomas Cowley High School 1627 Founded by Thomas Alcocke and endowed with £13 6s 8d p.a. (20 marks. Additional funds from Richard Stevenson's will (1658) on lands at Arleston "with an annuity for a school at Wroxeter, where the school was originally maintained." Master's appointment vested in the Earl of Darlington. [39]
Market Drayton Grammar School The Free Grammar School of St Mary's Hall, Drayton-in-Hales 6 November 1556 Founded by Sir Rowland Hill, knight, citizen and alderman of London, was endowed with £20 for master and usher. At his death the school was supported by the lord of the manor and the Vicar of Drayton. [55]
Halesowen Grammar School Earls High School (1972) 1652 Founded by a commission of chancery around 1653, endowed with lands valued at £130 p.a. [30]
Ludlow Grammar School 1552 Sixth form college Originally a King Edward VI foundation, entry was restricted to those who passed a Latin test, the school being "for erudition of Youth in the Latin Tongue". Endowed in 1607 by Charles Langford, Dean of Hereford, in the sum of £53 4s. p.a. Educated four boys wearing black gowns.[j] The school closed and merged in 1967, before conversion to a tertiary sector college, now Ludlow College. [29]
Newport (Shropshire) Grammar School Adams' Grammar School 27 November 1656 Secondary School Founded by William Adams, and endowed with a capital messuage called Knighton Grange, lands, tenements, and hereditaments in Knighton and Adbaston in Staffordshire; and Woodease in Shropshire. At the Restoration a sum of £5 was granted out of Crown land revenue in addition to the 21-year lease at £175 p.a. derived from Adams estate. [97]
Oswestry Grammar School Oswestry Free Grammar School 1407 Independent Davy Holbeche MP, lawyer, High Steward of Oswestry, "who gave £10 to it", founded and endowed with his wife Guinevere, in the reign of Henry IV. A Bishop's Inquisition on 17 Sept 1635 before the Bishop of St Asaph and Sir Robert Eyton, Knt, . [64]
Shrewsbury Grammar School Shrewsbury School 1552, Edward VI Independent The collegiate churches of St Mary and St Chad were dissolved for the maintenance of a grammar school. Founded by Hugh Edwards, mercer of London and Richard Whitacre, Bailiff of Shrewsbury, they acquired the tithes of Astley, Sansaw, Clive, Leaton and Almond Park and the property of the two churches, an endowment of £20 p.a. [22]
Wellington Grammar School 1549 The founding Commissioners directed that a master be maintained from the proceeds of the Receiver of Court of Augmentations.
Wem Grammar School Thomas Adams School 1650 Secondary School Sir Thomas Adams. [30]
Whitchurch Grammar School Whitchurch High School 1550 Comprehensive Sir John Talbot. [29]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Bath Grammar School King Edward's School, Bath 1553 Founded as the Free Grammar School of Edward VI at Bath. [29]
Bridgwater Grammar School 1561 Elizabeth I granted the parish tithes on to a charge of £6 13s. 4d., for a master's maintenance. At these demise circa 1620, the Crown granted to Philips & Morris letters patent for the same sum, who thereafter sold the said patent to the Corporation of Bridgewater. [48]
Bristol Grammar School The City of Bristol Free Grammar School 1532 St Bartholomew's Hospital was conveyed by executors of Robert Thorne, Sir Thomas West and Lord de la Warre to the City of Bristol to erect a free grammar school. [9]
The College Grammar School, Bristol Founded and endowed in the Lower College Green
Redcliff Grammar School, Bristol Founded and endowed in the east end of Saint Mary's Crypt, Redcliff Church.
Bruton Grammar School King's School, Bruton 1520 Richard FitzJames, Bishop of London, Sir John FitzJames LCJ and Dr. John Edmondes, clerk. Refounded under charter of King's Licence in c. 1550 by William Gilberte, last Abbot of Bruton Monastery. Endowed of schoolhouse on an acre adjoining the tenements of Bruton High Street, acquired by said Sir John, lord of the manor valued at £11 5s. p.a. [98]
Crewkerne Grammar School 1499 Extinct John de Combe was the original founder. Refounded and endowed during the Reformation by Dr Hody and others c. 1550, and as free grammar school refounded in 1577. Rev. William Owsley, Rector of Puckington founded four exhibitions to Oxford University. The school closed in 1904; the building is used as a municipal church hall. [150]
Frome Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Frome in the Forest of Selwood c. 1550 Founded during the reign of Edward VI and endowed with £6 p.a. and then a further £5 p.a. [55]
Ilminster Grammar School 18 May 1550 Humphry Walrond of Sea, Ilminster and Henry Greenfylde founded and endowed with a schoolhouse and leasehold estates. 17th century endowment from the Manor of Swanage. Four exhibitioners to Wadham College, Oxford not taken up by Crewkerne. [89]
Langport Grammar School 1670 Founded by Thomas Gillett, and endowed with land in Isle's Abbot to value of £70 p.a.. [109]
Martock Grammar School 1661 Founded by William Strode, lord of the manor of Martock, endowed with house and garden for £12 p.a. in perpetuity. The lordship demised later into a sinecure. [74]
Taunton Grammar School 1522 N/A Founded by Richard Foxe, Bishop of Winchester and Lord Privy Seal endowed with a small manor and commodious master's house. Closed 1870. Today building is Taunton's Municipal Hall. [11]
Wells Grammar School Wells Cathedral School 1180 Independent

County of Southampton[edit]

Carlisle referred to Hampshire as Southampton.

Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Alresford Grammar School 1698 Henry Perin founded and purchased the school ground. Endowment of arable land under trustees. [40]
Alton Grammar School 1641 Founded at Holyborne, High London Road by John Eggar of Montgomery in the Parish of Crondall, in the County of Southampton by a private act of parliament. Fourteen freeholder feoffees in the Hundred of Alton managed the school, which opened on 11 April 1642 under the first master Rev. Henry Welsted. [86]
Andover Grammar School 1569 Community Secondary Founded by John Hanson of Andover, endowed with £200 "for the founding and towards the maintenance of a Free Schoole, in this Towne..." on land donated by Richard Blake. [127][170]
Basingstoke Grammar School Queen Mary's School for Boys, Basingstoke 1556 A chantry school was converted to a grammar school in the reign of Mary I. A school and free chapel were founded by Bishop Fox and Sir John, Lord Sandes under licence to King Henry VIII. [96]
Godshill Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Godshill on the Isle of Wight 1615 Founded by Sir Richard Worsley, Bart., and endowed with The Chantry House for a master and two acres and £11 6s. 8d. towards the master's support in addition to Philip Andrews £5 (1593), and John Rice 13s. 4d. in 1608.
Gosport Grammar School Gosport County Grammar School Founded and endowed by Lady Clancarty, a dwelling-house adjoining Lower South Street and at Wavil, the brewhouse.
Newport (IOW) Grammar School c. 1618 30 acres of meadow at Hunny Hill and Lukely were enclosed by the Earl of Southampton and appropriated to the school's use. Endowed by the Gentlemen of the Island in conjunction with the Corporation of Newport. [27]
Portsmouth Grammar School 1732 William Smith MD. (died 11 February 1732) left an endowment in his will to Christ Church, Oxford to found a school, now let at £200 p.a. [77]
Southampton Grammar School King Edward VI School, Southampton 4 June 1553 Independent Day School When William Capon died in 1550 he left a will endowment for a new grammar school in St Mary's parish, Southampton to be founded by letters patent. It was originally endowed with £10 p.a. from the corporation on a site at Winkle Street. [22]
Winchester College 1373 Independent Founded by William of Wykeham, the school opened on 1 Sept 1373 under Master Richard de Herton "to instruct diligently in Grammatical learning as many poor scholars as the bishop should send him...". Winchester Society was founded in 1376, the warden of which was fellow of Merton College, Oxford. The foundation included 70 scholars. On 5 March 1380 he founded New College, Oxford: "Wynchester in Oxenford". Refounded in 1547. By the 16th century it was virtually an endowed grammar school for the city of Winchester, with about 100 commoners enrolled. [64][171][172]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Brewood Grammar School 1547 A chantry school in the diocese of Lichfield; it was refounded in 1553 after the Dissolution of the Monasteries. [20]
Dilhorne Grammar School [11]
Lichfield Grammar School King Edward VI School, Lichfield 1495 Comprehensive Bishop Smythe founded the free grammar school as patron of St John's Church. Endowed on 15 Sept 1555 by Dr Richard Walker, Dean of Chester, gave land and houses at Elmhurst and Curborough, value of £50 p.a. for a master and usher. [55]
Newcastle under Lyme Grammar School c. 1600 John Cotton of Alkington, in the parish of Whitchurch, Shropshire, by his will gave £100 "for the maintenance of a school." [35]
Rolleston Grammar School c. 1520 founded by Robert Sherebourne, Bishop of Chichester, endowed with £10 p.a. [98]
Rugeley Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Rudgeley Later endowed with 20 acres. [121]
Stafford Grammar School The Public Free Grammar School of King Edward VI in Stafford 10 December 1550 Independent Founded on 6 January 1546, devised in Robert Lees will. Refounded 1982 as an Independent Day School. [29]
Stone Grammar School 1558 Founded pursuant to the will of Thomas Allen, endowed with 20 Marks p.a., vested in the master, fellows, and scholars of Trinity College, Cambridge.
Tamworth Grammar School Landau Forte Academy 1588 Academy Queen Elizabeth's boys grammar school, it amalgamated with Secondary Modern to form a Queen Elizabeth's Mercian Comprehensive school in 1979, before converting to academy status in 2011. [89]
Uttoxeter Grammar School Thomas Alleyne's High School 1558 Academy Pursuant to the will of Thomas Alleyne, endowed with 20 Marks p.a., vested in the master of Trinity College, Cambridge. The original number of boys was 14. Academy status since 2015. [48]
Walsall Grammar School Queen Mary's Grammar School, Walsall 1554 Selective grammar/Academy George and Nicholas Hawe endowed the lands of the parishes of Walsall, Tipton and Norton, Staffordhire from dissolved chantries, with an income arising of £400 p.a and some coal mines. The boys' grammar school has opted for academy status. [55]
Wolverhampton Grammar School 22 September 1515 Founded by Sir Stephen Jenyns, knight and alderman of London, "for the instruction of Youth in good Morals and Learning...for the better sustenation of a Master, and also an Usher... for other necessary Charities there to be performed." [98][173][174]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Beccles Grammar School 1713 Founded under the will of Rev. Henry Fauconbridge, LL.D. from a messuage, farm and lands in Corton, and Flixton in the County of Suffolk [145]
Botesdale Grammar School founded near Eye, Suffolk. [105]
Bungay Grammar School Bungay High School 1575 Academy In 1565, Lionel Throckmorton of Bungay, endowed a new building on Earsham street; and funded scholarship to Emmanuel, Cambridge. A deed of 20 April 1591 belonging to Rev Thomas Popeson, MA, fellow of King's College Cambridge and the Master of Bungay granted lands; he founded ten scholarships at Emmanuel for the grammar school. [85]
Bury St Edmunds Grammar School King Edward VI School, Bury St Edmunds 1550 Comprehensive An amalgamation with the two Silver Jubilee Schools. [29]
Clare Grammar School 1669 Founded by William Cadge, yeoman, who by his will, bequeathed his farm, Bochards, in the Parish of Barnardiston, County of Suffolk of 55 acres. It was then occupied by Matthew Price, rented at £28 p.a. for the school's endowment.
Hadleigh Grammar School 1382 the grammar school was first mentioned in the reign of Richard II, when a priest Sir John Catour was given mastership.
Ipswich School Ipswich Grammar School; Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Ipswich before 1477 On 2 January 1482, Bailiff Richard Felaw, Portman, and MP gave his houses and lands by will for the master's use. In 1524 Thomas Wolsey alienated Felaw's land for his new foundation at Christ Church, Oxford. Granted a charter by Elizabeth I in 1566. [96]
Kelsale Grammar School The Charity Estate (1765) endowed by a deed of trust with messuages, land and hereditaments in parishes of Kelsale, Carlton, Middleton with Fordley and Peasenhall, Suffolk. [175]
Lavenham Grammar School 1647 Founded by Richard Peacock, Esq., with £5 p.a. charged on Samfords estate in the parish of Little Waldingfield. [86][176]
Needham Market Grammar School Theobalds Grammar School 1611 Sir Francis Needham of Needham Market owned the lands on which Theobalds grammar school was built. Named after King James I's palace in Holborn, Middlesex opposite Gray's Inn of Court; although some sources claim there was a Francis Theolbald, who presented the King's Head to fund the school in 1653. The manor was originally, Barking-cum-Needham before it became a market town. [5]
Redgrave Grammar School 1577 Founded by Sir Nicholas Bacon, Knt., Lord Keeper, endowed with rent charge of £2 12s. 6d. p.a., and endowed by Corpus Christi College, Cambridge with six scholarships with an annuity of £20, out of the manors of Studdye and Burningham, Norfolk.
Stoke Grammar School 1547 Founded by Matthew Parker DD (who later became Archbishop of Canterbury) at the dissolution of the local chantry school, "for the instruction of Youth in Grammar and the study of Humanity"; later refounded. [177]
Sudbury Grammar School 1491 Founder William Wood was master of The College of St Gregory in that parish, endowed with farm of 90 acres. [16]
Woodbridge Grammar School 1577 Independent Elizabethan foundation for the relief of the parish poor. Refounded in 1662 by Thomas Marryott. [74]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Camberwell Grammar School 29 September 1615 Edward Wilson, clerk founded by letters patent one grammar school at Camberwell. [27]
Farnham Grammar School Before 1611 Endowed by Rev. John Harding D.D., President of Magdalen College, Oxford by his will on 31 August 1611. [121]
Royal Grammar School, Guildford 3 November 1509 Robert Beckingham, citizen and grocer of London bequeathed a messuage and garden by Castle Ditch, his lands and tenements at Bromley, Kent, and Newington, Surrey [both now London]. Letters patent granted to "The Mayor and Approved Men of Guildford" on 27 January 1553.
Kingston Grammar School 26 April 1547 Demised Carthusian priory, London, to Richard Taverner for 21 years from September 1538 at £14 p.a. Letters patent granted by the Court of Augmentation at Westminster, 17 May 1564. [9]
Saint Olave's Grammar School 27 July 1570 Founded by letters patent in Tooley St, in the Parish of St Olave, Southwark in which "Children and Younglings...are instructed and brought up liberally and prosperously in Grammar, in Accidence, and other Lower Books, to the common utility and profit...." Charter was confirmed on 2 May 1675. [127]
Saint Mary Overey Grammar School 1562 At the dissolution the priory church was refounded by a charter by "discrete and most creditable inhabitants" endowed with £40; the statutes made a body corporate.


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Chichester Grammar School 1702 Founded and endowed by Oliver Whitby of Chichester, by his will of 15 February 1700, devised messuage, lands, tenements, and parsonage in the parish of West Wittering, and lease of prebendary; interest therein to five trustees. "For twelve poor boys to be instructed in Writing, Arithmetic and the Mathematics, with a view of qualifying them more especially for the Sea Service." [109]
Chichester Prebendal Grammar School 1497 Founded by Edward Storey of Boxgrove Priory, and Bishop of Chichester. The only endowment was The Corps of the Prebend of land and tythes at Highley in the parish of Sidlesham, and of portions of tythe in the parishes of Burgham, and Bishopstone, County of Sussex. [150]
Cuckfield Grammar School Edmund Flower, citizen and merchant taylor of London, endowed the school with lands and tenements of £6 10s. Supplemented by William Spicer, clerk, Parson of Balcombe, the Manor of Redstone, in the Parish of Reigate, in 1529 for £5 p.a. [98]
East Grinstead Grammar School 16 August 1708 Founded by Robert Payne, of Newick, Sussex, by will and endowed with Serreys Farm, a freehold messuage and lands, in the parish of East Grinstead. [109]
Horsham Grammar School 23 January 1532 Richard Collyer, citizen and mercer of London, bequeathed realty and personalty. [11]
Midhurst Grammar School 15 November 1672 Founded by Gilbert Hannam, a Coverletmaker, the school was modelled on Winchester College, and endowed by charges on his real and personal estate in Midhurst and Heyshot; for "twelve of the poore men's sonnes in Midhurst aforesaid, such as can ...reade the Bible or Testament." [138][178]
Rye Grammar School Rye College 1508 Secondary and Sixth Form Academy
Southover Grammar School Southover and Lewes Free Grammar School 1508 Endowed by Edmund Dudley, an annuity of £20 p.a. out of the Manor of Hamsey, for a free grammar school with the consent of John Ashdown, prior of Lewes. By her will, Agnes vested (1512) in heirs of George Hale her bequest to the school. [98]
Steyning Grammar School 16 June 1614 Endowed and founded by William Holland, alderman of Chichester donated Brotherhood Hall, manor house and revenues, with consent to appoint a schoolmaster in perpetuity. [27]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Atherstone Grammar School 22 December 1573 Founded by a royal charter in letters patent for Sir William Devereux, Thomas Fulner and Amias Hill by endowment of 26s. 8d., issuing out of lands and tenements in County of Warwick. [127]
Birmingham Grammar School The Royall Free Grammar Schoole in Birmingham, in the County of Warwick 25 October 1383 Founded by Thomas de Sheldon, John Colleshull, John Goldsmyth, and William ate Stowe, granted Crown licence lands valued at 20 Marks p.a. in Birmingham and Edgbaston. Refounded on 2 January 1552, granted and ordained by letters patent. [29]
Coleshill Grammar School [32]
Coventry Grammar School 1546 Founded by John Hales, who purchased Whitefriars. Refounded in 1573 "besides the Mansion-house and Close adjoining...". Thomas Lane, by his will of 10 January 1656, left money "fitting poor scholars of Coventry for the University...for the space of seven years and a half." [127][179]
Dunchurch Grammar School 1708 Founded by Francis Boughton, of Cawston Hall, donated the Spittle Moor estate of 16 acres, now let for £90 p.a.
Nuneaton Grammar School 1553 Founded and endowed with three closes of land in Liberties of Coventry belonging to Trinity Gild, known as Lammas land. [22]
Hampton Lucy Grammar School Extinct Founded by William Lucy [37]
Monk's Kirby Grammar School 19 April 1625 Founded by will of Thomas Wale, citizen and mercer of London, gave his manors of Wilbraham, Cambridgeshire, endowed with £300 p.a. Mayor and corporation were trustees. [20]
Rugby Grammar School The Free School of Lawrence Sheriff, Rugby School 22 July 1567 Independent A seminary founded by Lawrence Sheriff, citizen and grocer of London sold property to donate £50 towards building schoolhouse and almshouses in Rugby. Endowed by a Holborn, Middlesex estate, called Brownsover, purchased from John Strete in 1560 for £320. [127][180]
Sutton Coldfield Grammar School 1527 Academy Founded by John Harman, LL.D., later Bishop of Exeter, a school "sufficiently learned and skilful to teach Grammar and Rhetorique within the said Town...feoffment of divers lands" to warden and fellows on 1 October 1544. [28][181]
Warwick Grammar School 914 Independent Refounded in 1540 and endowed with rectories to total of £2,335 p.a. in Counties of Warwick and Worcester, the dissolution was granted to the corporation as trustees of royal bounty. [96]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Appleby Grammar School 22 March 1574 Robert Bowes, of Aske, Yorkshire, founded by letters patent and endowed by Queen Elizabeth I with £5 10s 8d. In 1579 with a rent-charge of £20 p.a. on a Manor of Newton Garths in County Durham. [89]
Bampton Grammar School 1623 Founded by Thomas Sutton, DD, Rector of St Saviour's, Southwark collected £500 for the purchase of tithes of corn and hay, in the Parish of Bampton, yielding £70 p.a. Stationery was provided free of charge in 1657. Rent of £15 p.a. [20][145]
Barton Grammar School Baysgarth School 1649 Founded by Gerard Langbaine, DD, Provost of Queen's College, Oxford and Lancelot Dawes, DD, Vicar of Barton. They donated the revenues of estates of Culgnaith and Barton Kirk for endowment. [97]
Brough Grammar School 1506 Founded by John Brunskill, used land at Gibgarth donated by Thomas Blenkinsop, with a chapel "to teach singing, the other to instruct the Children of the place in Grammar." Commissioners Sir Walter Raleigh and Robert Keylway, ordered master " be settled a fund". In the 19th century the grammar school lapsed. [182]
Heversham Grammar School 1613 Founded by Edward Wilson, of Heversham Hall, endowed with "unimproveable rents" in Town of Kendal amounted to £24 1s. 8d. Tithes of Leek to maintain at Queens College, Oxford and Trinity College, Cambridge, "two poor scholars, one in each College", nominated by heirs of Thomas Wilson. Two small "Rice Exhibitions" were endowed at Queen's College, Oxford, a Milner's Exhibition to Magdalene College, Cambridge, and yet another of Lady Elizabeth Hastings. [114]
Kendal Grammar School c. 1550 Founded in Kendal churchyard; and further endowed on sale of rectory of Burton, Westmorland by the Crown in 1578. [11]
Kirkby Stephen Grammar School 8 November 1566 Founded by charter of Thomas, Lord Wharton and endowed with a house and garden of £10 p.a. and, a further £12 p.a. chargeable on tithes of Winton, paid by owner the Earl of Lonsdale. Wharton ordained the "said Grant Schoole ...according to Queen's Maty's Lycence." [3][183]
Kirkby Lonsdale Grammar School Queen Elizabeth School, Kirkby Lonsdale 1591 Endowed by Mr. Godsale, of Newton with £100 and, £100 from the town and parish. Lady Curwen of Carus donated a schoolhouse called The Biggins. Mr. Tennant held the reversion of rent-charge on Bedale and Scotton, Yorkshire for a schoolmaster. [85]
Lowther Grammar School 3 September 1638 Founded by Richard, son of Sir Christopher Lowther, Knt, Bt., employed a schoolmaster for £100, built in 1640. An endowment to the master of £10 p.a. out of priory of Lambly, Northumberland on £100. [37][39]
Measand Grammar School 1711 Richard Wright, yeoman, endowed with a messuage and lands was at Nether Scales in the Parish of Orton, valued at £40. A garth was given in 1723 by Richard Law of Cawdale. 20 to 30 children used the Westminster grammars.[k]
Morland Grammar School 1780 Founded by the dean and chapter of Carlisle Cathedral who endowed it with £16 p.a. for the Township of Morland. The children are "admitted at an early age and may remain as long as they please." [184][185]
Orton Grammar School 1730 Original foundation on one acre in Bunflat, a High Field at Orton by Agnes Holme, widow. Built by private subscription; schoolhouse was re-erected in 1808 for £200 by Dr Joseph Burn, vicar; William Holmer; and Margaret Holme, of Orton. It was in trust by 1781 for all poor children of Orton and Raisbeck. [14][77][78]
Ravenstonedale Grammar School 1688 Founded by Thomas Fothergill, BD, master of St John's College, Cambridge, Abraham Fothergill, of Chancery Lane, London, Rev. George Fothergill, of Worksop, Nottinghamshire, Richard Fothergill, of Needle House, and George Fothergill of Turn House, all of Ravenstondale Parish. An estate at Bousfield paid rent out to the school for endowments, plus Lord Wharton's annuities of £11 p.a. [21]
Thrimby Grammar School 2 February 1681 Founded by Thomas Fletcher, barrister, of Strickland Low Hall, who granted deeds to Richard Crackenthorpe of Little Strickland, James Webster, clerk, and others an annuity of £10 on Bryam Tenement, High Sandriggs, and Low Sandriggs. [122]
Waitby Grammar School 1680 Founded by James Highmore, citizen of London, erected a grammar school "out of his pious charity", and built a school between Waitby and Smardale. In his will he gave £300 to purchase land at Cantley Thwaite to produce an income of £40 p.a. Statutes were approved by the Bishop of Carlisle on 17 May 1694. [122]
Winton Grammar School 1650 Rev. William Morland, M.A., Rector of Greystock, a cavalier, founded a school endowed with "several parcels of land in the neighbouring Township of Kaber" at £16 p.a. A schoolhouse was erected in 1659 by R Adamson, R Spenceley, G Shutt, I Bracken, and Robert and Arthur Scaife are memorialised in stone in the village as those responsible for its endowments. [30][186]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Calne Grammar School The John Bentley School 1557; 29 September 1660 John Bentley, of Richmond, Surrey founded by his will a school on the proceeds of Fichett Fields, Lincoln's Inn when conveyed in parts to Sir John Berkenhead, knight and sundry others. It followed the Marian foundation of Francis Finamore of Whetham. [68]
Marlborough Grammar School 1551 Endowed with lands at Marlborough for the townspeople, the children of foreigners, who settle themselves in the town, shall not be taught gratis"[l] With the Earl of Ailesbury as patron, the corporation trustees of the school were aristocratic. [29]
Salisbury Grammar School The City of Salisbury School Endowed with £26 1s. 8d. p.a. paid by the mayor to the Exchequer, its royal founder was Queen Elizabeth I. Three boys on foundation read Greek and Latin grammars with no common seal on the town.[clarification needed] [127]
Salisbury Close Grammar School Salisbury Choir School, Salisbury Cathedral School 1319 Founded by Simon de Gandarve. Refounded by Bishop Poole of Old Sarum for eight choristers, clothed, fed and instructed in Latin, writing and arithmetic up to age 14. Day boys and boarders read the Eton Greek and Latin grammars. [64]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Bewdley Grammar School 1541-2 Extinct Endowed in 1591 by will of William Monnox with £6 p.a. on lands at Church Stoke; subsequent endowments from Ballard brothers. A charter was granted c. 1620 "for the better education and instruction of young Children and Youths within the same Borough, Liberties, and Precincts, in good arts, learning, virtue and instruction." The school closed in the 1880s. [121]
Bromsgrove Grammar School c. 1550 Independent Endowed with £7 p.a. payable out of Crown revenues, for boys from Feckenham and Bromsgrove; for scholarships to Sir Thomas Cookes, Bart., who linked the school to Worcester College, Oxford from 1693 to the present day. [22]
Dudley Grammar School 1533; 6 October 1562 St James Academy, Dudley Founded by Thomas Wattewood of Stafford, Clothier and Mark Bysmor of London, Still worker. After several mergers in late 20th century it became known as Castle Hill School. The modern academy was built on the same site. [9][187]
Evesham Grammar School The Free Grammar School in the Parish of St Lawrence, Evesham, The Free Grammar School of Prince Henry in Evesham 5 November 1605 Language Academy Charter remodelled grammar schools into one for the town to "instruct the Children of the Town in Latin" on land and house alienated at Dissolution by Abbot of Evesham, Clement Litchfield in 1546; the motto, Parva Magna Crescunt alluded to growing bigger day by day. It was later part of Dr Bell's National Schools system at Evesham. In his will, 5 February 1688, John Gardner, Esq., settled upon the grammar ordering his executors to donate quit rents, £4 6s. 8d. and 18s p.a. from the Goldsmiths Company and St Augustine's, London respectively. After becoming a comprehensive in 1973, the school was converted to a co-educational academy. [28][188]
Feckenham Grammar School 1611 Extinct An ancient Catholic manor in the King's Forest, Feckenham was founded by John and Jane Clarke by an indenture of 4 March 1611. Endowed with 20 nobles p.a. (i.e. £6 13s 4d). Later endowments founded by Sir Thomas Cookes in an indenture of 21 January 1695 included six scholarships at Worcester College, Oxford and the bishop's annuity of £50 p.a. Closes were purchased near common land by Mary and Ann Linton in the parish in order to assign an annuity. Twelve boys each year were taught at no charge. [62][189]
Hartlebury Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth I 1383; 7 March 1565 Extinct Founded by John Gervays. "Gervis Ground" in Elmley Lovett was recovered for the school in Attorney-General v. the Governors of Hartlebury School, 1835. More land in Rushock called 'Stirmy's Ground' was demised in 1479, but returned in proceedings. Much of the land in the parish was flooded meadow on the banks of the Stour when enfeoffed by Robert Buckbarrowe. Many enfeoffees had existed at charter of letters patent on 20 May 1558/9 The governors were "twenty of the most discreet and honest men (magis probioribus) of the Parish shall be a Body Corporate and Politic...", appearing in Bishop Sandys' prepared ordinances governing the school's rules on 7 March 1573. The school closed in 1987. [48][190][191]
Kidderminster Grammar School King Charles I School 10 October 1634 Academy Charles I set up a commission to investigate the absence of a free grammar in the town of Kidderminster, and two years later in 1636 the school gained its charter. However Sir Thomas Blount was accredited with founding the school in 1558. Henry Benton, High Bailiff conveyed some land to the school on 12 October 1578. [5][192]
Martley Grammar School 1579 Independent Endowed by enfeoffment and charitable donations. Henry Bromley, held the terrier of 104 acres. [57]
King's Norton Grammar School 1434; 1547 Extinct The earliest possible date of foundation was in 1434. However, there was a Tudor re-foundation at the reformation; it received a charter in 1558. [55][193][194][195]
Rock Grammar School c. 1550 Endowed with £5 14s. p.a. paid out of Crown Land revenues, the school was founded by the church, and was later expanded to a half-acre site. Sir Thomas Cooke again provided a founding scholarship (1814) to Worcester College, Oxford, elected by the Provost. [55]
Stourbridge Grammar School 1430; 17 June 1553 Sixth form college From a chantry of 1430, the new grammar school was a King Edward VI foundation. Endowed later by letters patent with eight governors "with perpetual succession - and should have a Common Seal." Endowed on the late Chantry churches. [22][196]
Wolverley Grammar School 25 October 1620 Extinct Founded by will of William Sebright, of Blakeshall in the parish of Wolverley by Sir John Sebright of London on messuage of Mark Lane and pasture in Bethnal Green held by free socage. Sir John Sebright obtained an act of Parliament in 1812. The school was closed in 1970, and re-located to new premises to re-open as a comprehensive. [114]
King's School, Worcester The King's or Cathedral College School, Worcester 900 Independent Refounded on 16 January 1540/1 by letters patent with additional endowments of Evesham and Pershore Abbeys: In 1543-4 "forty poor scholars, ten of whom are appointed by the Dean, and three by each of the ten prebendaries of the be taught both grammar and lodgicke and laten tongue, every of them 66s. 8d. [i.e. 10 marks ] by the yere."[m] The school was revived by Thomas Wylde's purchase of Little prytche croft and 4 1/2 acres of Great prytche croft gifted by will on 19 May 1558. [28][197][198][n][199]
Royal Grammar School Worcester The Royal Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth in the City of Worcester 685 Independent One of the oldest surviving schools in Britain. Refounded in 1561 as a school for "petits"; for "the classical education of twelve boys, - and endowed with land and houses of considerable value, which are let on an improvident lease by The Corporation." Under the Chantries Act the Crown induced the city to purchase the Trinity Guild. In 1550 John Oliver acquired the letters patent. Lady Pakington and John Tomes, schoolmaster drafted the charter, granted a re-foundation on 28 February 1561, "for a scole for a.b.c and gramer of the teachinge, erudition, and instruction of children good learnyinge and manors." The name grammar was changed by the royal charter of 20 May 1869. [o] Eight new governors were appointed under Endowed Schools Act of 15 March 1893. [9][200][201][202][203]


Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
Acaster Selby Grammar School 1535 Founded by Bishop Robert Stillington. In mid-19th century Sir William Milner was a major benefactor, who built both the church and school after 1850.
Arksey Grammar School Bryan Cooke Esq.'s will (3 January 1660) endowed a grammar school. His son Sir George Cooke, bart built the school and master's house. Rev. Crichley of Doncaster paid £10 p.a. for half a scholarship for a poor boy of Bentley-in-Arksey. [204]
Batley Grammar School 1613 Free School Founded by Rev William Lee, Vicar of Stapleford, Cambridge and endowed with 30 acres in the Township of Gomersall yielding £15 p.a. Further endowments followed at Gomersall for £327 8s., and Horbury for £32 5s. [62]
Bedale Grammar School Ancient Endowed with £7 11s. 4d at the Dissolution. Additional rent charge of £13 6s. 8d p.a. (20 marks) out of lands at Collough Grange, Lincolnshire. [35]
Beverley Grammar School 700 Britain's oldest state school [30]
Bingley Grammar School 1529 Specialist Since 2011 the school has had specialist status [11]
Bowes Grammar School Bowes Free School, Bowes Hall School, Bowes Academy 1693 Academy The founder was William Hutchinson. Further endowment of £399 was issued[clarification needed]from Charles Parkin, nephew of the founder. Near Greta Bridge. Widely thought to be the model for Dotheboys Hall, and Charles Dickens researched the press reports of the 1823 legal cases against the head William Shaw. [40][205][206][207][208][209]
Bradford Grammar School 1553 Independent Incorporated by letters patent on 10 October 1663 from Charles II. Bradford Grammar School had Direct Grant status until 1975, when it became independent. [74]
Cawthorne Grammar School The Free School at Cawthorne 25 June 1639 £5 4s. paid to schoolmaster by Receiver of the Honour of Pontefract of the Duchy of Lancaster plus an additional sum from the town of £8 2s. 8d. [37][210]
Coxwold Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Coxwold 1603 Founded by Sir John Harte knight, citizen, and alderman of London charged his manor of Silton for an annual payment of £36 to the master of the school. [35]
Doncaster Grammar School Hall Cross Academy 1350 Academy the grammar amalgamated with the Doncaster Girls School; converted to academy status in 2012. [27]
Drax Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Drax, The Read School 1667 Independent Founded by a local lawyer and philanthropist, Charles Reade, gentleman, of Darleton, County of Nottingham, who built a school and almshouses in the town. [138]
Drighlington Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Drighlington, near Leeds 1678 James Margetson, Archbishop of Armagh, founded a benevolence for the school's endowment from lands, tenements and hereditaments in Drighlington and Newhall. Received letters patent in 1691. Replaced in 1875 by the Drighlington Board School. [211][212]
Giggleswick Grammar School The Free Grammar School of King Edward the Sixth of Giggleswick 26 May 1553 Founded by letters patent on the petition of a clerk, John Newell. Six scholarships founded by Mr Carr to Christ's College, Cambridge. [22]
Guisbrough Grammar School Prior Pursglove College 19 June 1561 The Grammar School, Almshouse or Hospital in Honour of Our Lord Jesus Christ in the Town of Gisburn. An Elizabethan foundation by letters patent to Prior Robert Pursglove, pro Dean of Cleaveland was endowed with £41 4s., by the division of Common fields at Bolam.[p] Rebuilt in 1887 by Alfred Waterhouse, and refurbished in 2013. [9]
North Halifax Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth at Skircoat in the Parish of Halifax 15 February 1585 Founded by a royal charter procured by Henry Farrer of Ewood at his own expense. Archbishop Blackburn appointed eleven governors nominated, signed and under seal on 23 October 1727. [59][213]
Hartford Grammar School 1561 Robert Pursglove, clerk, the last prior of Guisbrough Priory, was granted letters patent "for the education and learning of boys and youth..."
Hemsworth Grammar School The Free School of Robert Halgate, Archbishop of York 24 October 1546 Founded by Robert Halgate of Hemsworth, Archbishop of York and President of the King's Council in the North on property of a rental charge of £150.[q] [96]
Heptonstall Grammar School 14 July 1642 The Free School was founded by Charles Greenwood, clerk in holy orders, Rector of Thornhill, by his will dated 14 July 1642 [86]
Hipperholme Grammar School 15 October 1647 The Free School in Hipperholme was founded by Matthew Broadley of London by his will dated 15 October 1547 "to educate and instruct in Grammar, and other Literature and Learning, the Scholars and Children of the Township and Constablery of Hipperholme cum Brighouse." [74]
Horton Grammar School 1725 Founded by John Armistead, gentleman of Dubcoat, on land purchased by the trustees to the value of £180 p.a. [78]
Hull Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Kingston upon Hull 1486. Refounded in the reign of Edward VI and endowed by John Alcock, of Beverley, Bishop of Rochester, who built the schoolhouse in his own garden beside Trinity Church. Suppressed at Reformation; it was reprieved on remonstrance.[r] [16]
Kirk Leatham Grammar School 1709 In his will of 1669, Sir William Turner bequeathed £5,000 for the foundation of a free grammar school, erected by nephew Cholmley Turner. [214]
Kirkby on the Hill Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Kirkby on the Hill, in the Parish of Kirkby Ravenswath 25 October 1556 Founded by John Dakyn LLD, Rector of Kirkby on the Hill by licence granted, nullibi saltem cum cura animarum beneficiatum, neque officiatum, doctum et in arte grammatica peritum, qui pueros ipsius parochiae... [215]
Knaresborough Grammar School King James's School, Knaresborough 26 October 1617 Founded by letters patent granted to Robert Chaloner, STD of Knaresborough, Rector of Amersham, issued a rent charge to lands in Wavendon, County of Buckingham. Peter Benson designed the schoolhouse erected in the adjoining churchyard. [27]
Leeds Grammar School 6 March 1552 Founded by endowment in the will of Sir William Sheafield, Priest, vested in seventeen feoffees copyhold near Shipscar Bridge, Leeds. Two endowments by John Harrison (1653); Lady Elizabeth Hastings bequeathed on 24 April 1739, £140 Quit Rents to Queens College, Oxford. Additional funds were appropriated in a chancery case (1805). [29][216]
Linton Grammar School 11 July 1771 Founded by Richard Fountains [14]
Old Malton Grammar School 1546 Founded by Dr Robert Holgate, Archbishop of York and endowed with land and tenement valued £20. [96]
Northallerton Grammar School October 1327 May have dated from a royal charter to the Prior of Durham presented John Podesay as master. However an extant document declared on 15 December 1385 that William de Ledes (of the family that founded Leeds) was delicto nobis...Capellano (was chosen our Head). Public subscription was raised in 1777 to rebuild the school. Rev James Wilkinson built a master's house in 1785. [57][217][218]
Penistone Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Penniston, near Barnesley 1543 Comprehensive Robert Wattes bequeathed a reading school "unto everie childe that commithe in forme of a scole 1d."[219] Endowed with £100 p.a. "for the education of eight poor girls", Penistone was founded as a reading school. The master of the school was behind the introduction of a fair to the Pennine town via petition. The school was frequently in court for litigation. By 1785 the school house was in ruins. In 2011 a state of the art Learning Centre was opened. [35][220][221][222][223]
Pocklington Grammar School 1514 Founded by John Dolman (or Doweman) LL.D., Archdeacon of Suffolk, endowed by land in East and West Ridings of Yorkshire; annual rent of £1,000 to £1,200. Transferred to St John's College, Cambridge by statute on 8 April 1552. [98][224]
Pontefract Grammar School The King's School, Pontefract 1549 Endowed until 1563, when presentment transferred to mayor and aldermen of Pontefract. Additional endowment was made in 1583. Refounded by royal charter on 13 February 1792, renamed the King's School, and signed by Attorney-General, John Ord. [89]
Richmond Grammar School 14 March 1568 Founded by royal licence in the yard of the Low Church una schola educatione, institutione, et instructione puerorum et juvenum in Grammatica perpetuis temporibus duratura [3]
Ripon Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Queen Mary 27 June 1555 Founded by Anthony Frankish, to the town and parish by letters patent under the Seal of the Duchy of Lancaster. [55]
Rotherham Grammar School 1 September 1584 Lawrence Woodnett of Lincoln's Inn and Anthony Collins of London by deed conveyed land to trustees and heirs in Masbrough and Brinsworth as well as Rotherham, occupied a house near the town hall. [16]
Royston Grammar School 1608 Founded by letters patent on 24 acres valued at £70 p.a. [55]
Scorton Grammar School 1720 By his will Leonard Robinson of Scorton left a property value £200 p.a. to endow a school "to prepare young Gentlemen for the Universities...."
Sedbergh Grammar School Before 1551 Independent Chantry foundation of Dr Roger Lupton, Provost of Eton; set up again by letters patent of Edward VI. In the 1860s it came near to closure by the Taunton Commission. [29][225]
Sheffield Grammar School The Free Grammar School of James King of England within the Town of Sheffield in the County of Yorkshire 1605 Thomas Smith of Crowland, attorney, left by his will £30 p.a. for the foundation incorporated by letters patent [36]
Sherburn Grammar School 1619 Founded by Robert Hubgate, Counsellor, endowed with £120 p.a. for the "clothing and maintenance of the boys in the Hospital..." out of land belonging to Robert Oliver Gascoigne, of Parlington. [114]
Shipton Grammar School Shipton, North Yorkshire 1655 Founded by Ann Middleton and endowed with £40 p.a. [46]
Skipton Grammar School 1 September 1548 William Ermysted, clerk, canon residentiary in St Paul's, London granted Sir Ingram Clyfford all properties at Adyngham, Yorkshire for a Grammar school for "boys resorting thither to be taught". [89][226]
Thornton Grammar School 1657 Elizabeth, Viscountess Lumley endowed with £30 p.a. for a master in holy orders to teach the school and read prayers in chapel on ten acres at Thornton. A 19th-century chancery case defined it as a grammar school. [5][97][138]
Tickhill Grammar School c. 1690 Mrs Jane Farmery gave a piece of land in the parish, the rent charge of which educated eighteen boys in English. In 1815 a Sunday School was also founded.
Topcliffe Grammar School 1549 Letters patent [85]
Wakefield Grammar School The Free Grammar School of Queen Elizabeth at Wakefield 1592 Founded for the "teaching, instructing and bringing up of Children and Youth in Grammar and other learning". [85]
Worsborough Grammar School [96]
Wragby Grammar School 1635 refounded in 1775, and newly built; it was a listed building in 1986.
Yarm Grammar School 7 July 1590 Comprehensive Endowed by Thomas Conyers of Egglescliffe, County Palatinate of Durham left by his will £9 4s. paid on properties in Yarm and Darlington for "the schole of Yarome for ever." It moved to new premises at Green Lane on becoming a Comprehensive school in 1977. [85]
Yoresbridge Grammar School 1601 Extinct Founded and endowed in the Parish of Aysgarth by Anthony Besson with a house at York.
York Holgate's Free Grammar School Archbishop Holgate's School 1546 Academy Endowed by Robert Holgate with £12 p.a. for a master "to read and teach Grammar, and other good authors and works, generally to all scholars..." [96]
York Horse Fair Grammar School St Peter's School, York 1330 Originally founded by a monk, St Paulinus of York in 627 AD. An early patron, Robert de Pykering, Dean of York, dedicated the school to St Mary Magdalene. It was re-founded in 1557 outside the city walls at a place called Horsefair.

North Wales[edit]

Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
St. Asaph Grammar School Ysgol Glan Clwyd Founded for the classical instruction of the cathedral choristers. [211][227]
Bala Grammar School Ysgol y Berwyn 1712 Comprehensive Rev Edmund Mayrick, Chancellor of St Davids, founded and endowed with £15 p.a. and five acres "for 30 poor boys of North Wales". Rev Thomas Charles (1755-1814) of whom a statue stands outside the school was an advocate of foreign missionary proselytising the gospel with the British and Foreign Bible Society which he had founded. He lived at Bala, but on his death the property was donated to the grammar school in his will. Boys were admitted aged 7 for about four years (which would usually mean that it was not a grammar school because it did not do the 11 plus.). The three R's was taught and reading down the church catechism of prayers. They usually became apprentices and were presented with clothes at Christmastide. The Fellows of Jesus College, Oxford held the right to appoint the Master. They also donated money for the construction of a new house for accommodation. In 1820, Master Rev Humphrey Lloyd was also vicar of the parish. The present building was constructed in 1851 and modelled very much on Jesus College, its financial and academic patron. In the 1930s Ysgol Tytandomen was in a Welsh-speaking area of Wales. The Hall was replaced in 1964, when a wooden panelling commemoration was erected to the dead of the Great War. It was built in the Tudor Gothic style of slate quoins dressed with sandstone. The original building put up two chimney stacks to service the open fire grates. The elevation was divided into three main parts left, central and right. The school hall to the left flanked the central entrance hall, and a range of storeys to the right. A gabled bellcote arch opening over the entrance with a Latin inscription dated 1851. Mullioned windows in a decorative lozenge pattern included above light mullioned windows to bring in more light through the windows for the pupils to read right up to the eaves. There was ventilation in the roof. The hall range was flush had 2 storeys and 3 bays. Gable ends lent themselves to additions. In 1868 the school's endowment was £80. There were six scholarships available to Jesus College, Oxford.

The left wing had 12 sash windows on the ground floor. On the north-east side there were coped walls. In 2001 the Victorian school building received Listing Status Grade 2 because it was a fine example of Tudor Gothic architecture of the mid-nineteenth century, Neuadd-y-Cyfnod as it is now known in Welsh has a valuable forecourt, piers and railings preserved. The latter is vital to the impression because so much vandalism has been meted out on school railings. The school is now called Ysgol Y Berwyn. The modern school has a strong connection with Bangor University.

Bangor Friars School Ysgol Friars 24 March 1561 Comprehensive Geoffrey Glynne LL.D bequeathed 'The Friar House' in Bangor to Maurice, late Bishop of Rochester and William, late Bishop of Bangor "to the use and behoof of a Grammar School having continuance for ever...for the better government and instruction of boys...ten poor scholars." [48]
Beaumaris Grammar School Ysgol David Hughes 1609 Comprehensive Lewis Owen, Serjeant of the Larder, bequeathed £20 p.a. for two scholars of Jesus College, Oxford to come from the grammar school. [121]
Bôd-Twnog Grammar School Ysgol Botwnnog 1615 Comprehensive Henry Rowlands, Bishop of Bangor endowed a grammar school near Pwllheli, Gwynedd but "left it in a poor state". [27]
Denbigh Grammar School 1727 Extinct Founded and built in the centre of the old town. 33 persons contributed a total of £340 in public subscription. The money purchased an estate in the parish of Tremerchon, Flintshire managed by three trustees. It consisted of 29 acres of land paying rent, and three acres of Henllan donated by Robert Lloyd Tanner and Anne Twiston with two allotments for maintenance of the free grammar school. It was re-opened in 1866 at Bron-y-Parc an ancient Welsh site on Park Street, Denbigh. After the Gladstonian Welsh Intermediate School Act 1884 the school was enlarged and re-designated in 1894 as the County Board School entrusting its funding to the Denbighshire County Council. In 1902 it was greatly expanded to 220 pupils. In 1937 it merged with the Ruthin Girls Schools to create the County boys School in new purpose-built buildings designed by architect James Hughes and built on the Middle Lane site once owned by the latter establishment. It became co-educational in 1938 and apparently was renamed as Denbigh Grammar School in 1948. It remained the main school for the Denbigh and Ruthin District until the abolition of grammar schools by the Labour Government of 1970s.

The school closed in 1983. The site was demolished in 2017 against the advice issued by conservationists Cadw six years before.

Hawarden Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Hawarden in the County of Flint 1609 Comprehensive Founded by George Ledsham, gentleman and steward of the Inner Temple, London by his will of 4 February 1606 left £300 to a free grammar school forever. During the 1?th[when?] century, the Gladstone family became landowners of Hawarden and heavily involved with the school; a new school board became non-denominational and governed by the National Society of Education and Learning: Sir Stephen Glynne was headmaster (1848–1851). By 1870 there were 90 boys. Hawarden won High School of the Year Award 2016. [121][229][230][231][232]
Llan Egryn Grammar School The Free Grammar School at Llan Egryn in the County of Merioneth 1648 Founded by Hugh Owen of Tal y Bont (near Llanegryn). Endowed it with £20 p.a. by the Peniarth estate. His son, William Owen, mercer, of London, endowed it with further £400 funded in trust. The Owen family continued its endowment from the Mercers Company of London. Up to four boys annually became apprentices, rather than offered university student awards. William Edward Watkyn Wynn MP was one of the trustees and the rectors of Dollgellau, who with the Owens expanded the school, which in 1812 was in serious debt. [30][233]


Llanrwst Grammar School Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy, Conwy Valley School 1612 Comprehensive Sir John Wynn, 1st Baronet; there is some doubt here, in 1610 by Sir John Wynn. The teaching was located in the building called the 'upper school'. In 1960 it was renamed Ysgol Dyffryn Conwy (Conwy Valley School) to reflect the fact that the school served the wider Conwy Valley. In February 2005 the pupils were all moved to the Sodexo-owned site on Nebo Road. [62][236]
Ruabon Grammar School Rhiw Abon Grammar School, in the County of Denbigh 1575 The extant buildings were begun in 1618; assisted by a legacy left by Thomas Nevitt in 1632. The vicar of the parish, Dr Lloyd became the first headmaster. A dedicated and distinguished teacher named Thomas Evans reformed the curriculum in 1710 which still had to read Latin and Greek. And another teacher George Bagley built kitchens out of his own pocket for the school. In 1855 he was replaced by Alfred Lee Taylor, a Cambridge graduate, who oversaw repairs and maintenance to a dilapidated building. 32nd Charity Commissioners report noted it had a school-room, and a masters room. The original building appears to have had a Victorian conversion into a shop. Of red brick construction and a Welsh slate roof. The original windows date from early 19th century. The hipped roofs were in place when it was inspected. The downstairs timbered mullion windows to the right of a stack, to which a door was built during 20th century. The beams were champfered; above the fireplace was a lozenge dated 1698; the purlins and tie-beam dated form the same period. Iron cramps were added in 19th century for stability. In 1988 it received a Grade II listing. In 1853, the grammar school was reconstituted with new trustees prompting mr Bagley's resignation. Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn became patron paying for the reconstruction of new buildings in 1858 that now represents the oldest part of the old school. It was the first in Wales to receive funds as a County School in 1894 being overseen by the new Denbighshire County Council. It still functioned like a competitive grammar school with academic selection and examinations for Oxbridge. Headmaster Rev Bowen broached the idea of a girls school. New classrooms were completed in 1927 and 1938 with laboratories and workshops. The school was divided into 4 houses: Cynwrig, Madoc, Rhuddallt, Wynnstay named after ancient Brythonic princes. The grammar school and 11-plus system was abolished in 1966/7 and became an integrated Comprehensive. In 1994 the buildings were converted for residential purposes. [5]
Ruthin Grammar School The Grammar School at Ruthin in the County of Denbigh 1598 Founded by Dr Gabriel Goodman, Dean of Westminster "for the instruction of the boys of the Town of Ruthin - Ruthin, Llan Fwrog, Llan Rhydd, Llanynys, and Llan Elidan. [18]
Wrexham Grammar School The Free School at Wrexham in the County of Denbigh 3 October 1728 Founded by Dame Dorothy Jeffreys and endowed with £18 p.a., later augmented to £80 p.a. [36]

South Wales[edit]

Monmouthshire is listed separately.

Standard name Other names Foundation Status now Comments References
The College of Christ of Brecknock Christ College, Brecon 1541 Independent Founded at Aber Gwili at the Reformation of Henry VIII. [28]
Carmarthen Grammar School 7 July 1576 Elizabeth I founded by letters patent at the petition of Walter, Earl of Essex, Richard Davies, Sir James Croft, Griffin, Rece, and Walter Vaughan, aldermen, and Robert Toye, gentleman, Burgess of Caermarthen under "license not exceeding the yearly value of £60." [105]
Cardigan Grammar School Cardigan County School 1653. The Common Council founded [30]
Cowbridge Grammar School 1685. Initial foundation 1608 by Sir John Stradling. Closed 1974. [122][237][238]
Haverfordwest Grammar School 1488 Endowed on 22 November 1614 by Thomas Lloyd, of Killythed, Pembrokeshire, where "scholars may be instructed and taught in such learning and knowledge as are fitting to be taught...." for an income of £84 19s. 4d.,.[s] It was closed in 1978. [62]
Lledrod Grammar School Ynys y Garn y Berfydd 21 May 1745 Founded by Rev. Thomas Oliver of Lledrod, Vicar of Dudley, "for the benefit of a limited number of poor boys of his native district", he left a farm valued at £400. [77]
Presteigne Grammar School John Beddoes School 20 August 1568. Mixed non-selective comprehensive Founded by John Beddoes, by deed in chancery, endowed with lands of £150 plus[clarification needed] by eleven trustees. [3][239]
Rhayader Grammar School 1673 or earlier Endowed for the education of a limited number of poor children. [240]
St. David's Grammar School 17 May 1654 Founded by Adam Houghton on the authority of the Council of State. It is thought to be the only grammar school to be so founded. [64][241]
Swansea Grammar School Bishop Gore School 4 May 1682 Mixed non-selective secondary Founded by Bishop Hugh Gower, Lord Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, Ireland, and endowed by deed with 200 acres in Llandyfodwg to Bussey Mansel, of Britton Ferry. [122][242]
Ystrad Meurig Grammar School 1 October 1757 Founded by Edward Richard "for educating twelve poor boys of this parish in the principles of the Church of England". [243]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ translation: "[we] have in mind that the college now founded will endure for centuries"
  2. ^ sometimes written as Danvers in modern times, but not in the text. Danvers was associated with Devonshire and Derbyshire.
  3. ^ bequeathed means he left the property in his will; "so bequeathed it" means he left the land to St Bees Grammar School
  4. ^ There were a number of Latin grammars published by various teachers through Oxford and Cambridge Universities. Some were more popular than others.
  5. ^ These were Long Burgh, Moorhouse and Burgh-by-Sands. A distinction was made between the deserving poor and the non-deserving, who received alms for begging.
  6. ^ old English pounds
  7. ^ the grammar school at Wolsingham, if it existed, was not recorded in Carlisle's Concise Description of 1818.
  8. ^ Otium literally means "hatred"[citation needed] Otium is Latin for leisure, idleness etc, but Play Days were interpreted as a sin and could be propitiated by work. Accordingly institutions encouraged variously hard work and fasting before Feast Days, Festivals and leave from school.
  9. ^ an apputenance to the Royal Demesne. The King was the Tenant-in-Chief meaning he had total feudal authority over his personal demesne.
  10. ^ Radley College maintains a tradition of black gowns to this day.
  11. ^ Most early grammar schools used either Eton grammars to study both Greek and Latin. Other school systems were used including Westminster grammar, published by Westminster School in the vicinity of parliament, in London. Ward's grammar and Valpy grammar were also used by less well-endowed local free or grammar schools.
  12. ^ gratis - full citation "summa non gratis" meant for amount not free. ie. fees to be paid.
  13. ^ originally in Latin Scholares, they became after the Reformation, known as Scholastici emphasizing the move away from monastic boys in cells, towards the dynamics of studying. The 40 are named in Wheeler (1987), p.21.
  14. ^ according to Leach pp.14-5, the puritans burnt the original records of the Trinity Guild in Elizabethan times. Modern interpretation puts the date a year later.
  15. ^ Chantry schools were founded in the Chapel in Edward III's day, but although dissolved, had nothing to do with the grammar schools had noting to do with the grammar schools. F.V.Follet, A History of the Worcester Royal Grammar School (1951), pp.14-5. For a summary A.R. Wheeler, Royal Grammar School, Worcester (1990), p.13
  16. ^ Pro is Latin, meaning "on behalf of"; "in his absence".
  17. ^ early 16th century Halgate's name was post-medieval etymology, but by Elizabethan period the surname had evolved into a modern form of Holgate
  18. ^ During the Counter-reformation an appeal could be made to parliament against a decision, by customary law this was achieved on petition. The reprieve refers to the fact that the vast majority of religious houses were dissolved and broken up during the 1530s and 1540s. A reprieve to allow an institution to continue was relatively unusual. The Act of Supremacy 1534 gave the King ultimate power over the Church in England and Wales. However Parliament could make an amendment to an act on certain specified institutions.
  19. ^ translation: In 1818, for real value of £160


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  • Nichlas Carlisle, A Concise Description of the Endowed Grammar Schools in England and Wales, Volume 1 and 2 [1818] (2010)

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