List of Indian states and territories by Human Development Index

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The national average HDI for India in 2008 was 0.467.[1] By 2010, its average HDI had risen to 0.519.[2][3] UNDP, the sponsor of Human Development Index methodology since 1990, reported India's HDI to be 0.554 for 2012,[4] an 18% increase over its 2008 HDI. United Nations Declared India's HDI is 0.586 in 2014,[5] a 5.77% increase over 2012. As for the year 2018, HDI for India stood at 0.640.[6][7][8]

HDI is composite index that takes into consideration (1) Life expectancy, (2) Education and (3) Per capita income.

List[edit]

Map of the Indian states and territories by HDI in 2017 (published in 2018).
Legend:
  0.700 - 0.799
  0.600 - 0.699
  0.500 - 0.599

This is a list of Indian states and union territories by Human Development Index as of 2017.[7]

Rank State/Union Territory HDI (2017) Comparable country
High human development
1 Kerala 0.784  Albania
2 Chandigarh 0.774  Mexico
3 Goa 0.764  Bosnia and Herzegovina
4 Lakshadweep 0.749  Ukraine
5 Delhi 0.744  Saint Lucia
6 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.742  Fiji
7 Puducherry 0.739  Mongolia
8 Punjab 0.721  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
9 Himachal Pradesh 0.720  Suriname
10 Sikkim 0.716  Botswana
11 Tamil Nadu 0.708  Belize
12 Daman and Diu 0.706  Turkmenistan
13 Haryana 0.704  Paraguay
Medium human development
14 Mizoram 0.697  Egypt
15 Maharashtra 0.695  Indonesia
Manipur 0.695  Indonesia
17 Jammu and Kashmir 0.684  Iraq
18 Karnataka 0.682  Iraq
19 Uttarakhand 0.677  El Salvador
20 Nagaland 0.676  El Salvador
21 Gujarat 0.667  Morocco
22 Telangana 0.664  Morocco
23 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.661  Nicaragua
24 Arunachal Pradesh 0.658  Nicaragua
25 Tripura 0.655  Cape Verde
26 Meghalaya 0.650  Tajikistan
27 Andhra Pradesh 0.643  Namibia
 India (average) 0.640  Namibia
28 West Bengal 0.637  Namibia
29 Rajasthan 0.621  East Timor
30 Assam 0.605  Republic of the Congo
31 Chhattisgarh 0.600  Laos
32 Odisha 0.597  Laos
33 Madhya Pradesh 0.594  Ghana
34 Jharkhand 0.589  São Tomé and Príncipe
35 Uttar Pradesh 0.583  Cambodia
36 Bihar 0.566  Pakistan

HDI from 1995–2018

Human Development Index (by UN Method) of Indian states since 1995.[7]

Rank State HDI 1995 HDI 2000 HDI 2005 HDI 2010 HDI 2015 HDI 2018 Increase 1995–2018
1 Kerala 0.562 0.610 0.694 0.732 0.770 0.784 Increase 0.222
UT1 Chandigarh 0.607 0.642 0.670 0.658 0.739 0.774 Increase 0.167
2 Goa 0.579 0.623 0.684 0.751 0.763 0.764 Increase 0.185
UT2 Lakshadweep 0.669 0.711 0.739 0.729 0.738 0.749 Increase 0.080
UT3 Delhi 0.630 0.673 0.700 0.718 0.734 0.744 Increase 0.114
UT4 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 0.663 0.704 0.732 0.722 0.731 0.742 Increase 0.079
UT5 Puducherry 0.694 0.738 0.767 0.756 0.737 0.739 Increase 0.045
3 Punjab 0.547 0.582 0.620 0.664 0.706 0.721 Increase 0.174
4 Himachal Pradesh 0.557 0.596 0.653 0.675 0.706 0.720 Increase 0.163
5 Sikkim 0.515 0.549 0.598 0.643 0.696 0.716 Increase 0.201
6 Tamil Nadu 0.507 0.546 0.605 0.655 0.694 0.708 Increase 0.201
UT6 Daman and Diu 0.628 0.669 0.695 0.686 0.695 0.706 Increase 0.078
7 Haryana 0.515 0.550 0.594 0.639 0.687 0.704 Increase 0.189
8 Mizoram 0.532 0.574 0.637 0.694 0.697 0.697 Increase 0.165
9 Maharashtra 0.523 0.561 0.607 0.651 0.683 0.695 Increase 0.172
10 Manipur 0.525 0.563 0.603 0.691 0.699 0.695 Increase 0.170
11 Jammu and Kashmir 0.493 0.530 0.591 0.646 0.675 0.684 Increase 0.191
12 Karnataka 0.481 0.517 0.567 0.610 0.662 0.682 Increase 0.201
13 Uttarakhand 0.594 0.627 0.655 0.643 0.662 0.677 Increase 0.083
14 Nagaland 0.491 0.524 0.558 0.666 0.681 0.676 Increase 0.185
15 Gujarat 0.489 0.526 0.573 0.608 0.651 0.667 Increase 0.178
16 Telangana 0.593 0.628 0.655 0.643 0.651 0.664 Increase 0.071
UT7 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 0.645 0.686 0.714 0.704 0.665 0.661 Increase 0.016
17 Arunachal Pradesh 0.471 0.501 0.531 0.639 0.661 0.658 Increase 0.187
18 Tripura 0.499 0.532 0.561 0.613 0.645 0.655 Increase 0.156
19 Meghalaya 0.435 0.470 0.531 0.621 0.648 0.650 Increase 0.215
20 Andhra Pradesh 0.443 0.476 0.529 0.581 0.627 0.643 Increase 0.200
21 West Bengal 0.474 0.506 0.540 0.576 0.620 0.637 Increase 0.163
22 Rajasthan 0.432 0.462 0.505 0.547 0.601 0.621 Increase 0.189
23 Assam 0.453 0.486 0.527 0.565 0.593 0.605 Increase 0.152
24 Chhattisgarh 0.525 0.555 0.581 0.570 0.586 0.600 Increase 0.075
25 Odisha 0.422 0.452 0.489 0.533 0.580 0.597 Increase 0.175
26 Madhya Pradesh 0.419 0.450 0.493 0.533 0.577 0.594 Increase 0.175
27 Jharkhand 0.557 0.557 0.583 0.572 0.578 0.589 Increase 0.032
28 Uttar Pradesh 0.423 0.454 0.496 0.529 0.566 0.583 Increase 0.160
29 Bihar 0.401 0.430 0.464 0.511 0.551 0.566 Increase 0.165
 India 0.460 0.493 0.536 0.581 0.624 0.640 Increase 0.180

Consumption-based HDI[edit]

There are many ways to calculate HDI, and its calculation is sensitive to base data and assumptions. Using another approach, UNDP India and Government of India calculated the HDI nationwide average to be 0.605 in 2006.[9] This data was published by the Indian Government.[1] Note that the 2007-2008 HDI values in the table below is not based on income as is the UNDP standard practice for global comparisons, but on estimated consumption expenditure – an assumption which underestimates the HDI than actual.[10] Further, data was unavailable for the following states and union territories: Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Daman and Diu, Puducherry, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.[11][12]

Rank State/Union Territory consumption
based HDI[13]
(2007–08)
1 Kerala 0.790
2 Delhi 0.750
3 Himachal Pradesh 0.652
4 Goa 0.617
5 Punjab 0.605
6 Northeast India (excluding Assam) 0.573
7 Maharashtra 0.572
8 Tamil Nadu 0.570
9 Haryana 0.552
10 Jammu and Kashmir 0.542
11 Gujarat 0.527
12 Karnataka 0.519
National average 0.513
13 West Bengal 0.492
14 Uttarakhand 0.490
15 Andhra Pradesh 0.473
16 Assam 0.444
17 Rajasthan 0.434
18 Uttar Pradesh 0.380
19 Jharkhand 0.376
20 Madhya Pradesh 0.375
21 Bihar 0.367
22 Odisha 0.362
23 Chhattisgarh 0.358

Trend analysis[edit]

Compared with the previous Indian National Human Development Reports and the latest state-level government statistical report, India has significantly improved its HDI in all of its administrative subdivisions:

Legend

Very High/High Human Development Index

  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849

Medium human development index

  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549

Low human development index

  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  ≤0.250
  Lack of information
Human Development Index map for Indian states in 2006, as calculated by Government of India and UNDP India.[14]

This is a list of Indian states by their respective Human Development Index (HDI), as of 2008.[1] Kerala stands first in Human Development Index among the states in India.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 257. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Selected Socio-Economic Statistics India, 2011" (PDF). Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India. October 2011. Table 11.1, page 165. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  3. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2013 UNDP, page 64, Tabel 3.1
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2014 – Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  6. ^ "India slips in human development index". thehindu.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  7. ^ a b c "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  8. ^ "Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  9. ^ Gendering Human Development Indices, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Govt of India with UNDP India (2009)
  10. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion)" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Meghalaya Human Development Report 2008" (PDF). p. 23.
  12. ^ "General Reports: Planning Commission, Government of India". planningcommission.nic.in. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  13. ^ "India Human Development Report 2011 (Towards Social Inclusion) – Summary" (PDF). IAMR, Planning Commission, Government of India. p. 2. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
  14. ^ "Gendering Human Development Indices" (PDF). Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India with UNDP India. March 2009.