List of LGBT members of the United States Congress

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This is a list of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender Americans in the U.S. Congress. There are currently 7 openly LGBTQ members of the 115th Congress -- all Democrats.[1][2] This list only includes people who are openly LGBTQ.

Senate[edit]

Photo Senator
(lifespan)
State Party Term Notes
Wofford Harris Wofford
(born 1926)
Pennsylvania Democratic 1991–1995 Came out in 2016 after announcing plans to marry a man[3]
Baldwin Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Wisconsin Democratic 2013–present First openly gay or lesbian person to be elected to the Senate[4]

House of Representatives[edit]

Photo Representative
(lifespan)
State Party Term Notes
McKinney Stewart McKinney
(1931–1987)
Connecticut Republican 1971–1987 Died of complications due to AIDS, never came out[5][6][7][8][9]
Bauman Robert Bauman
(born 1937)
Maryland Republican 1973–1981 Came out after his time in Congress[10]
Studds Gerry Studds
(1937–2006)
Massachusetts Democratic 1973–1997 Came out in 1983 after congressional page scandal; first member of Congress to come out as gay; First openly gay committee chairman (Merchant Marine and Fisheries, 1990–1995)[11]
Hinson Jon Hinson
(1942–1995)
Mississippi Republican 1979–1981 Came out after his time in Congress[12]
Frank Barney Frank
(born 1940)
Massachusetts Democratic 1981–2013 Came out in 1987; first member of Congress to be in a same-sex marriage while in office[13][14]
Gunderson Steve Gunderson
(born 1951)
Wisconsin Republican 1981–1997 Outed on the floor of the House in 1994, and became the first openly gay Republican representative.[15][16]
Kolbe Jim Kolbe
(born 1942)
Arizona Republican 1985–2007 Came out in 1996 after voting for the Defense of Marriage Act, and was the first openly gay person to address the Republican National Convention[17][18] He was the second openly gay Republican to serve in Congress.[19]
Huffington Michael Huffington
(born 1947)
California Republican 1993–1995 Came out as bisexual in 1998, the first bisexual to have been elected to Congress.[20]
Foley Mark Foley
(born 1954)
Florida Republican 1995–2006 Came out after congressional page incidents.[21]
Baldwin Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Wisconsin Democratic 1999–2013 First out lesbian to be elected to Congress[4]
Michaud Mike Michaud
(born 1955)
Maine Democratic 2003–2015 Came out in 2013.[22][23]
Polis Jared Polis
(born 1975)
Colorado Democratic 2009–present First gay man to be out at the time of his first election, first gay parent in Congress[24]
Cicilline David Cicilline
(born 1961)
Rhode Island Democratic 2011–present
Maloney Sean Patrick Maloney
(born 1966)
New York Democratic 2013–present
Takano Mark Takano
(born 1960)
California Democratic 2013–present First non-white openly LGBT person to be elected to Congress[25][26]
Pocan Mark Pocan
(born 1964)
Wisconsin Democratic 2013–present First openly gay member to immediately succeed another openly gay member (succeeded Tammy Baldwin)
Sinema Kyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
Arizona Democratic 2013–present First openly bisexual person to be elected to Congress[27][28]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Camia, Catalina (10 November 2014). "No gay Republicans elected to new Congress". USA Today Politics. Retrieved 7 May 2016. There will be seven gay or bisexual members in the 114th Congress, all Democrats: Sen. Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin and House members Jared Polis of Colorado, David Cicilline of Rhode Island, Sean Patrick Maloney of New York, Mark Takano of California, Mark Pocan of Wisconsin and Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona. 
  2. ^ Daileda, Colin (6 January 2015). "What's white and male and in the House?". Mashable. Retrieved 7 May 2016. Despite the mild gains in other areas of diversity, the 114th Congress will have just as many LGBTQ members as the year before—seven. 
  3. ^ Wofford, Harris (April 23, 2016). "Finding love again, this time with a man". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2016. Too often, our society seeks to label people by pinning them on the wall - straight, gay or in between. I don't categorize myself based on the gender of those I love. I had a half-century of marriage with a wonderful woman, and now am lucky for a second time to have found happiness. 
  4. ^ a b "Tammy Baldwin: Openly gay lawmaker could make history in Wisconsin U.S. Senate race - Chicago Tribune". Chicago Tribune. October 19, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012. 
  5. ^ "AIDS Makes Another Chilling Advance, Claiming the Life of a Congressman". People. May 25, 1987. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  6. ^ Houston, Paul (May 8, 1987). "Connecticut's McKinney, GOP Liberal, Dies of AIDS". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  7. ^ Kimmey, Samantha (December 20, 2012). "Rep. Barney Frank Comments on Scalia, Prostitution, Marijuana and More". The Raw Story. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  8. ^ Associated Press (August 23, 1989). "Congressman Killed by AIDS Led Secret Life, Gay Man Claims". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  9. ^ May, Clifford D. (May 9, 1987). "Friends Say McKinney Had Homosexual Sex". The New York Times. Retrieved August 31, 2014. 
  10. ^ Bauman, Robert (August 1986). The Gentleman from Maryland: The Conscience of a Gay Conservative. Arbor House. ISBN 978-0877956860. 
  11. ^ "Housecleaning". Time. July 25, 1983. 
  12. ^ "Jon Hinson, 53, Congressman And Then Gay-Rights Advocate". The New York Times. July 26, 1995. Retrieved May 7, 2016. 
  13. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (December 3, 2012). "When Barney Frank announced he was ‘coming out of the room’ (er… the closet)". The Washington Post. 
  14. ^ "DC's Most Influential Gay Couple Calls It Quits". The Tuscaloosa News. July 3, 1998. Retrieved January 19, 2010. 
  15. ^ Bergling, Tim (May 11, 2004). "Closeted in the capital: they're powerful, Republican, and gay. Will the marriage battle finally get them to come out to their bosses?". The Advocate. Retrieved August 27, 2009. 
  16. ^ Bierbauer, Charles (November 28, 1997). "Gunderson Leaves 'Increasingly Polarized' House". CNN. Retrieved May 7, 2016. 
  17. ^ Dunlap, David W. (August 3, 1996). "A Republican Congressman Discloses He Is a Homosexual". The New York Times. Retrieved November 25, 2007. 
  18. ^ Campbell, Julia (August 1, 2000). "Openly Gay Congressman Addresses Convention". ABC News. 
  19. ^ Eaklor, Vicki Lynn (2008). Queer America: a GLBT history of the 20th century. ABC-CLIO. p. 213. ISBN 978-0-313-33749-9. 
  20. ^ King, Ryan James (May 22, 2006). "Michael Huffington: The long-awaited Advocate interview". The Advocate. Retrieved January 11, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Foley lawyer makes statement". CNN. October 2, 2006. Retrieved October 4, 2006. 
  22. ^ "Michaud: ‘I haven’t changed. I’m Mike.’". The Bangor Daily News. November 5, 2013. Retrieved May 11, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Yes, I'm gay, Michaud says. Now let's get our state back on track". Portland Press Herald. November 4, 2013. 
  24. ^ Parkinson, John (September 30, 2011). "House Democrat Jared Polis Becomes First Openly Gay Parent in Congress". ABC News. Retrieved September 30, 2011. 
  25. ^ Crary, David. "Record number of gays seeking seats in Congress". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  26. ^ Candido, Sergio N. (October 29, 2012). "Top 5 Gay National Races". South Florida Gay News. Retrieved November 7, 2012. 
  27. ^ O'Dowd, Peter (January 1, 2013). "Sinema, First Openly Bisexual Member Of Congress, Represents 'Changing Arizona'". NPR. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  28. ^ Roig-Franzia, Manuel (January 2, 2013). "Kyrsten Sinema: A success story like nobody else's". The Washington Post. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved January 8, 2013.