List of Latinised names

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The Latinisation of names in the vernacular was a procedure deemed necessary for the sake of conformity by scribes and authors when incorporating references to such persons in Latin texts. The procedure was used in the era of the Roman Republic and Empire. It was used continuously by the Papacy from the earliest times, in religious tracts and in diplomatic and legal documents. It was used by the early European monasteries. Following the Norman Conquest of England, it was used by the Anglo-Norman clerics and scribes when drawing up charters. Its use was revived in the Renaissance when the new learning was written down in Latin and drew much on the work of Greek, Arabic and other non-Latin ancient authors. Contemporary Italian and European scholars also needed to be Latinised to be quoted in such treatises. The different eras produced their own styles and peculiarities. Sophistication was the trademark of the Renaissance Latinisers. The Anglo-Norman scribes on the other hand were not so learned, and often simply translated the vernacular name into Latin words based on similar sounds, without much effort to make sense or to avoid absurdity, which produced some strange results.

Coined in era of Imperial Rome[edit]

  • Iesus, Iesus Nazarenus, Iesus Christus (Yĕhošūa‘)
  • Boadicea (Boudica)

Coined in the Early Middle Ages[edit]

Coined in the Renaissance and onwards[edit]

The University of Salamanca translated the name of the Japanese princes Akihito and Michiko as Akihitus and Michika for their 1985 visit.
Pedro de Candia
Gaulterio de Candia
Peter of Candia

Humanist names with Latin and Greek elements[edit]

In central European circles of academia and ecclesial writers, a specific practice of Latinisation arose during the 15th century with the rediscovery of ancient literature. Thereby writers would seek connection to the ancient writers by taking up surnames or international pen names. We encounter names that follow naming conventions of those ancient languages, especially Latin and Greek, so the occasional Greek names for the same function are also included here.

Especially in the German-speaking regions the use of a “Humanistenname” or “Gelehrtenname” was common for many an academic, cleric, and secular administrative who wished to ascend in societal rank. The other region where the practice became equally common was 1600s Scandinavia and the Swedish Baltic colonies where this practice was called 'lärda namn' or 'humanistnamn'.[1] Further reasons for assuming such internationally recognisable names, especially in Scandinavia, included leaving agrarian conditions behind and embracing an urban and cosmopolitan way of life.[2] Some academics never had a surname nor a patronymic surname as per their region of origin. However, academics came to Central European universities from all corners of Europe, with surnames from rare languages, so clarity in distinguishing students was necessary. Some Latinizations and Grecizations are exact vernacular translations of profession surnames or dwelling names, but others seem to bear no known connection or resemblance. Humanist names reached varying degrees of stability and heritability, and some exist to this day.[3][circular reference][4][circular reference]

Some humanist names derived from common professions as replacements of the vernacular term, and were found throughout Central European university cities. They included:

  • Abiectarius (Carpenter, e.g. “Schreiner”)
  • Actuarius (scribe professions, e.g. “Schreiber”)
  • Agricola (Farmer, e.g. “Bauer”)
  • Aurifaber (Goldsmith)
  • Braseator (Brewer, e.g. “Brauer”)
  • Campanus (Clockmaker)
  • latinized Chytraeus or grecisized Obsopoeus (Cook, e.g. “Koch)
  • Institor (Teacher)
  • Iudex (Judge)
  • Mercator (most merchant professions)
  • Molitor (Miller, e.g. “Müller”)
  • Olearius (Oilmaker, e.g. “Ölmüller”)
  • Pannifex (Cloth-maker, e.g. “Weber”)
  • Pellifex (Skinner)
  • Piscator (Fisher)
  • Praetorius (Watchman)
  • Rotifex (Wheeler)
  • Tectander or Xilotectus (Carpenter, e.g. “Zimmermann”)

Some humanist surnames that were not clearly based on profession or location included:

  • Argillander (argillos – white clay)
  • Cajander (kaiuos – new)
  • Colliander (koloios – jackdaw)
  • Creander (kriós – ram, stag)
  • Domander (dómos – house)
  • Gallus (rooster)
  • Kellander (kelaiuos – black)
  • Levander (leuo – stone)
  • Lupus (wolf, e.g. “Wulff”)
  • Melanchthon (“Schwartzerdt”)
  • Neander (neos – new, e.g. “Neumann”)
  • Nikander (nike – victory)
  • Oinotomos (“Schneidewein”)
  • Picander (píkros – sharp)
  • Polviander (possibly from polus – many)
  • Silander (silouros – shadfish)
  • Valiander, Wallander (ualos – glass) [5]

Other sources of English Latinized names[edit]

The Complete Peerage (1913) states concerning the Latinization of English names:[6] "When a clerk had to render a name in a charter he usually sought for the nearest Latin equivalent, sometimes took a correct one, as "de Bello Campo" for "Beauchamp"; sometimes a grotesque one". The latter refers to the mediaeval Anglo-Norman family of Orescuilz, which held amongst others the Somersetshire manor of Sandford Orcas (named after it),[7] whose surname was Latinised as de Aureis Testiculis,[8][9] from French "Couilles[10] d'Or".

Andrew Wright[edit]

A list of "Latin forms of English surnames" is included as an appendix in Andrew Wright's Court Hand Restored, or the Student's Assistant in reading Old Deeds, Charters, Records, etc,[11] published in 9 editions up to 1879.

Charles Trice Martin[edit]

In 1910 Charles Trice Martin expanded on Wright's list (the 9th edition of which he had edited) in his The record interpreter : a collection of abbreviations, Latin words and names used in English historical manuscripts and records which included a chapter "Latin forms of English Surnames".[12] He acknowledged[13] in compiling his list the assistance of an anonymous work The Norman People and their Existing Descendants (London, 1874).[14] In the preface, p. xi, Martin stated of that chapter: "Many of the [place names and] surnames have been found in classes of records which contain documents in both languages referring to the same case, like the Chancery Proceedings, in which bills and answers are in English and writs in Latin."

Martin stated that some of the Latin names were "due to the ingenuity" of officials and clerks inserting what they thought would be a translation of an English name, being ignorant of its real meaning and history. This led to spurious translations such as Ventus Morbidus (literally "sick wind") for the place name 'Windsor', and de Umbrosa Quercu (literally "from the shady oak") for the surname 'Dimock'. He went on to say that the list includes many names collected from Latin inscriptions on brasses, tombstones, and other monuments, many of them dating to the sixteenth century and later, and said that he had supplied the English equivalents of these from other sources of information.

  • ABA – Abbott
  • de ABBACIA – Abbess; Dabbs
  • de ABBANEIO – Abney
  • ABBAS – Abbott
  • de ABRINCIS – D'Avranches; Avranches
  • ACUTUS – Hawkwood
  • de ADURNI PORTU – Etherington
  • de AGNELLIS – Agnew; Dagnall
  • de AGNIS – Aisnes; Ains
  • de AILLIO – D'Aile; Alley
  • ALA CAMPI – Wingfield
  • de ALBA MARA; de ALBA MARLA – Albemarle; Aumarle
  • de ALBINEIO – D'Aubeney; Albiney; Albeney
  • ALBERICUS; ALBREA; ALBRAEUS – Awbrey
  • de ALBINEIO; ALBINIACO – D'Aubeney; Albiney; Dolben
  • de ALBO MONASTERIO – Blancmuster; Whitchurch
  • ALBUS – White
  • de ALDEDELEGA; de ALDITHELEGA; ALDITHELEIA – Audley
  • ALEC – Herring
  • de ALEMANIA – Dalmaine
  • ALEMANNICUS – Allman
  • ALESIUS – Alane
  • de ALNETO – Dawnay; Dannay; Dennett
  • de ALNO – Daunay
  • ALSELINUS – Ansell; Ancell
  • de ALTA RIVA; de ALTA RIPA – de Hauterive; *Dawtrey; Daltry; Hawtrey
  • de ALTA VILLA – De Hauteville
  • de ALTA MENILLO – de Hautmesnil
  • de AMBLIA – De Amblie; Hamley
  • ANASTASIUS – Anstis
  • de ANCARIIS – Dancer
  • de andeuvilla – Hanwell
  • ANGLICUS -Inglis; England
  • de ANGULIS – Angell
  • de ANGULO – del Angle; atte Cornere.
  • in ANGULO – atte Noke
  • de ANSA – Daunce
  • de APIBUS – Bee; Bye (?)
  • APOTECARIUS -Lespicer; Spicer
  • APPARITOR – Sumner
  • de AQUA BLANCA – Egeblaunch; Aygueblanche
  • de AQUA FRISCA – Freshwater
  • AQUAPONTANUS – Bridgwater
  • De AQUILA – Eagle; D'Eagles; Diggles
  • Arbalistarius – Arblaster; Alabaster
  • ARCHIDIACONUS – Archdeacon; Arcedeckne
  • de ARCHIS; ARCIS – D'Arques; Arch; Dark
  • de ARELA – Harela; Argles
  • ARCUARIUS – Archer; Larcher
  • de ARCUSBUS – de Arches; Bowes
  • De ARENIS – Darens; Darayns; Sandes
  • de ARGENTOMO – Argetoune
  • de ARIDA VILLA – Dryton; Dryden
  • de ARIETE – Herriott
  • ARMIGER – Arminger
  • de ARMIS – Harms; Armes
  • ARUNDELIUS – Arundel
  • ASCELINUS – Ansell; Ancell
  • ASCULPHUS – Ayscough; Askew
  • de ASNERIIS – Daniers; Denyer
  • de ATRIO – Hall
  • de AUBEMARA – Albemarle
  • AUBERICUS – Awbrey
  • de AUCO; DE AUCA – Owe
  • de AUGO – D'Eu; Auge; Agg; Dagg
  • AUGUSTINUS – Austin; Hotine
  • de AULA – Hall (See also de HAULA)
  • Ad AULAM – atte Halle; Hall
  • AUONIUS – Of Northampton
  • de AUREA VALLE – Dorival; Dorvell; Darvall
  • de AUREIS TESTICULIS – Orescuilz
  • de AUREO VADO – Goldford or Guldeford
  • AURIFABER – Orfeur, an ancient name in *Cumberland
  • de AURILLA – Overall
  • de AUTHIERO – d'Authier, Dauthier
  • de AUTRICO – d'Auxerre; Oxier
  • de AYNECURIA – Daincourt; Deyncourt
  • de BA; BAA; BAHA – Baugh
  • BACCHUS – Backhouse
  • de BADA – Bath
  • de BAILOLIO – Baliol
  • de BAJOCIS – de Bayeux; Bews; Baines
  • de ABLLIO – Bailey
  • cum BARBA – Witheberd; Beard
  • BARBATUS – Barbet; Barbey
  • BARDULFUS – Bardolph (Stoke Bardolph, Stow Bardolph)
  • de BARRA – de la Barre; de Barre
  • BARRARIUS – Le Barrer; Le Barrier
  • de BATONIA – Bath
  • de BAUDRIBOSCO – Boldrewood
  • de BEEUILLA – Beville; Beavill
  • de BELESMO – de Belesme
  • de BELLA AQUA – de Bealeawe; Bellew
  • de BELLA CAMERA – Belchambers
  • de BELLA FAGO – de Bealfo; Beaufoe; Belfou
  • de BELLA FIDE – de Beaufoy
  • de BELLA VILLA – Belville
  • de BELLO ALNETO – Bellany
  • de BELLO CAMPO – de Belcamp; Beauchamp
  • de BELLO CAPITE – Beauchief
  • de BELLA FOCO – Beaufeu
  • de BELLO LOCO – Beaulieu; Bewley; Bowley
  • de BELLO MANSO – Beaumains; Beaumeis
  • de BELLO MARISCO – Beaumarsh
  • de BELLO MONTE – Beaumont
  • de BELLO PORTU – de Baupere
  • de BELLO PRATO – de Beaupre
  • de BELLO SITU – Bellasis
  • de BELLO VERO – de Beuvar; Beauver
  • de BELLO VISTO – Belvoir
  • de BELLO VISU – de Beauvise; Bevers
  • BENIDICTUS – Bennett
  • de BENEFACTIS – Benfield
  • BENEUOLIS – Benlows
  • BERCARIUS – Le Bercher; Barker
  • BERCATOR – Barker
  • BERENGARIUS – Barringer
  • de Bereuilla – de Berville; Burfield; Berewell
  • de BERNERIIS – Berners
  • de BEUERLACO – Beverley
  • BITURICENSIS – de Bourges
  • de BLANCO PANE – Whitbread
  • de BLAUIA – de Blaye
  • de BLITHODUNO – Blyton
  • de BLOSSEUILLA; BLOSTEUILLA – Bloville; Blofield
  • de BLOYS – Blew; Bligh
  • de BLUNDEUILLA – Blundeville; Blomfield; Bloomfield
  • BLUNDUS – Le Blond; Blundel; Blount. (Feminine is Blunda)
  • de BOCEO – de Bocy
  • de BOAUILLA – Bovill
  • de BOLOGNA – Bullen
  • de BONA VILLA – Bonville
  • de BONO DASSATO – Goodrick
  • BONOIUS – Boleyn
  • de BOONIA – de Bohun
  • de BORGEIS – Burges
  • BORLASIUS – Borlace
  • de BASCO – Boys; Boyce; Busk; Wood
  • de BOSCO ARSO – Brentwood
  • de BOSCO – Borhard
  • de BOSEUILLA – Boswell
  • de Botellis – Butler
  • de BOTERELLIS – Botreaux'Bottrel
  • de BOULARIA – de Bollers; Buller
  • de BOUIS VILLA – Bovill
  • de BRAIOSA – de Braose; Brewis; Brewhouse
  • BRITO – Le Bretun
  • de BROILLEIO – de Bruilly; Briley
  • de BRUERIA – Bryer; Briewer; Brewer
  • BRUNELLI – Burnell
  • BRUNUS – Le Brun; Brown
  • de BUCCA – Buck
  • de BUCCA UNCTA – de Bouchaine; Buccointe; Budgen
  • de BUCIS – de Buces; Bouche; Bush
  • BUDELLUS – de Buelles; Boyle
  • de BUESUILA – *Bouville; Bousville; Boseville; Bousfield
  • de BULEMARA – Bulmer
  • de BULIACO – Buisly; Builly
  • de BURCO – de Burgh
  • BURGENSIS – Burges
  • de BURGO – de Burgh; Burke; Bourke
  • de BURGO CHARO – Bourchier
  • BURGUNDIENSIS – de Bourgogne; Bourgoyne; Burgon
  • de BURNAUILLA – Bernwell; Barnwell
  • de BURTANA – Burton
  • de BUSSA VILLA – de *Boseville; Beuzeville; Boscherville
  • de CABANISIO – de Chalbeneys
  • de CADOMO – de Caen; Caine
  • de CADURCIS – de Chaorces; Chaworth
  • CÆCILIUS – Cecil
  • de CAHAGNIS; CAHANNIS – Keynes; Keine; Cain
  • de CAINETO; de CAISNETO; CAINNETO – DE *Quesnay; Chainei; Keynes {?}:Cheyne
  • CALCEARIUS ; Le Chaucier; Chaucer
  • CALIXTUS – Killick
  • de CALLEIO – de Cailly; Cayley
  • CALUINUS – Caffyn; Chaffyn
  • de CALUO MONTE – Chaumond
  • CALUUS – Baud; Bald; Café; Calf; Valver; Callow
  • de CAMERA – Chambers
  • de CAMERACO – Gomery
  • CAMERARIUS – Chamberlayne
  • de CAMPANIA – de Champaigne; Champneys
  • CAMPARNULPHUS; de CAMPO ARNULPHUS – Champernoun
  • de CAMPIS – Descamps; Kemp
  • de CAMPO AUENE – Campdaveine; Otfield
  • de CAMPO BELLO – Campbell
  • de CAMPO FLORIDO; FLORUM – Champfleur
  • de CAMUILLA – Camvil
  • de CANCEIO – Chauncey
  • de CANCELLIS – Chaunceus
  • de CANETO – Cheyney
  • de CANIUETO – Knevitt; Knyvett
  • CANONICUS – Le Chanoin; Cannon
  • de CANTILUPO – de Cantelou; Cauntelow; Cantlow or Cantello
  • CANTOR – Le Chaunter; Singer
  • de CANUILLA – Camville
  • de CAPELLA – Capel
  • CAPELLANUS – Caplin; Chaplin
  • de CAPIS – de Chappes; Cope; Capes
  • CAPITO – rostete; GrosseTeste; Grosthead; Grouthead
  • CAPRA – Chevre
  • de CAPRA – de la Chievre; Cheevers; Chivers
  • de CAPREOLO – Roebuck
  • de CAPREOLOCURIA; de CAPRICURIA – Chevercourt
  • CARACTACUS – Craddock
  • CARADOCUS – Caradock; Cradock
  • CARBONARIUS – Carbonel
  • CARETARIUS – Carter
  • de CARILOCO – Cherlewe
  • de CARISIO – de Cerisy
  • CARNOTENSIS – de Chartres
  • de CARNOTTO – de Carnoth or Crennach
  • de CARO LOCO – Carelieu
  • de CASA DEI – Godshall
  • de CASINETO; Casneto – See CAINETO
  • CASTELLANUS – Catlin
  • de CASTELLIS – de Chasteus
  • de CASTELLO – de Chastell; Castle; Castell; Chatto
  • de CASTELLO MAGNO – Castlemain
  • CASTOR – Bever
  • de CASTRO – Castell
  • de CASTOR NOUO – de Castelnau
  • de CATHEREGE – Catherick; Cartwright
  • de CAUO MONTE – de Caumont; de Chaumont
  • CECUS – Cheke
  • CENOMANNICUS – Maine
  • de CERASO; de CERICIO – de Cerisy; Cherry
  • de CCESTRIA – Chester
  • de CHAHAIGNIS – See de CAHAGNIS
  • de CHAISNETO – See de CAINETO
  • de CHALUENNIO – ce Clavigny; Clabone
  • de CHAMPELLIS/CAMPELLIS – de Champeaux (e.g.William of Champeaux)
  • de CHAORIS; CHAURCIS; De CHAUWURCIS – Chaworth
  • CHELIGREUUS – Killigrew
  • CHENESIS – Chaigne; Le Chesne; Cheyney
  • CHENTICUS – Kentish
  • de CHESNETO – See de CAINETO
  • de CHEURIIS – de Chevrieres; Chaffers
  • CHIRCHEBEIUS – Kirby; Kirby
  • de CHRISTI ECCLESIA – de Crissechirche; de *Christecherche
  • CINOMANNICUS – Maine
  • de CLARA VILLA – Clareville
  • CLARANUS – Clare
  • de CLARIFAGO – Clerfay
  • de CLARIS VALLIBUS – Clerevaux; Clarival
  • de CLARO FAGETO – Clerfay
  • de CLARO MONTE – Clermont; Clermund
  • CLAVIGER – Clavinger
  • de CLAVILLA – de Claville; Cleville
  • de CLAUSO – Close; Class
  • CLERICUS – Clarke; Cleary
  • de CLINTONA – Clinton
  • de CLIUO FORTI – Clifford
  • de COARDA – de Cowert; Coward
  • COCUS – Cook; Coke; Cocks
  • de CODRIA – Cowdry
  • de COISNERIIS – de Coiners
  • de COLAUILLA – Colville
  • de COLDRETO – de Coudray
  • COLLINUS – Knollys
  • de COLLO MEDIO – de Colmieu
  • de COLUMBARIIS – Columbers
  • de CONCHIS – Shelley
  • de CONDUCTU – Chenduit
  • de CONIGERIIS; CONNERIIS- de Coignieres; Conyers
  • CONSTABULARIUS – le Cunestable; Constable
  • CORBALDUS – Corbould
  • de CORCELLA – Churchill
  • de CORMELIIS – de Cormayles; Cormie
  • de CORNIOLA – Cornell
  • de CORNIBIA – Cornwayle
  • CORNTUS – Horn
  • CORUESARIUS – Corveser; Corsar
  • de CORUO SPINÆ – Crowthorn
  • de CRAMAUILLA – Cranwell
  • CRASSUS – Le Gros; See also "Grassus"
  • de CRAUCUMBA – Crowcombe
  • de CREAUSO – de Grandson; Grandison
  • de CREPITO CORDE – Crevecœur; Crowcour
  • de CRIWA – Crewe
  • CROCUS – Croke
  • de CROTIS – Croot; Grote
  • de CRUCE – Cross
  • CRUCIARIUS – Crocker
  • de CUILLIO – Colley
  • CULLUS de BOUE – Oxenstern
  • de CUMINIS – Comyn
  • CUNETIUS – Kennett
  • de CURCEO; CURCI – de Courcy
  • de CURIA – Delacour; Cure
  • de CURLEIO – Curley
  • de CURUA SPINA – Crowthorn
  • de CUSANCIA – Cussans
  • DACUS – Le Daneis, Denys, Dennis. (Adjectival form of mediaeval-Latin Dacia, Denmark, thus "The Dane")
  • DAINCURIENSIS; de AYNECURIA – Daincourt; Deyncourt
  • DALENRIGIUS – Dalegrig
  • DANISCUS – Dennis
  • DAUTHIERUS – Dauthier, d'Authier
  • de DAVIDUILLA – D'Aville; D'Eyville
  • DECANUS – Dean
  • DEUON' – Le Deveneis; Devenish
  • DIABOLUS – Dayville; De Eyville; Deeble; Dibble
  • de DICETO – de Disci; Diss
  • DISPENSARIUS; DISPENSATOR; DISPENSERIUS – Le *Despenser; Spencer
  • de DIUA – Dive; Dives; Deaves
  • DIUITIUS- Riche
  • DODERIGUS – Dodderidge
  • de DOITO – Dwight; Brook
  • de DOUERA – de Douvres; Dover
  • DRACO – Drake; Drage
  • de DROCIS – de Dreux; Drew
  • DROGO – Drewe
  • DUCHTIUS – Doughty
  • de DUMOUILLA – Domville; Dunville
  • de DUNA – Don; Down
  • de DUNSETANUILLA – Dunstanvill
  • DURANDUS – Durrant,Durand
  • DURIDENTIS – Duredens; Durdana
  • DUTENTIUS – Doughty
  • DUX – Ducy; Duck; Duke
  • EASTERLINGUS – Stradling
  • de EBROICUS; de EBROIS – D'Évreux
  • ECCLESIENSIS – Churche
  • ELISEUS – Ellis
  • ELYOTA – Elliott
  • de ERICETO – Briewer
  • de ERM´ENOLDA VILLA – d'Ermenonville
  • de ERMENTERIIS – Darmenters
  • ERNALDUS – Ernaut; Arnold
  • de EROLICTO – Erliche
  • de ESCALERIIS – de Escales; Scalers; Scales
  • de ESCARDEUILLA – Scarvell
  • de Escouilla – Escoville; Schofield; Scovel
  • de ESCRUPA – Le Scrope; Scrope
  • ESPERUERIUS – Le Sperver; Sparver
  • de ESSARTIS – Essart; Sart
  • de Esseleia – Ashley
  • de ESTLEGA; ESTLEIA – Astley or Estley
  • EUDO – Eade; Eades
  • EXTRANEUS; de EXTRANEO – L'Estrange; Strange
  • FABER – Lefevre
  • FACETUS -Le Facet
  • de FAGO – Beech; Beecher; Fagge
  • de FAIA – de Fai; Fay
  • FALCONARIUS – Falkner; Fachney
  • FALKASIUS – Fawkes
  • FALTERELLUS – Futerel; Fewtrell
  • FANTASMA – Fantosme
  • FAUCUS – Folkes; Vaux
  • FAUKESIUS – Fawkes
  • FERCHARDUS – Farquahr; Forker
  • FERDINANDUS – Farrant
  • FERRARRII – Ferre
  • de FERRARIIS – Ferrars; Ferrier
  • FERRATUS – Fairy; Ferrie
  • FIBER – Bever
  • FIEREBRACHIUS – Ferbras
  • de FIERUILLA – Fierville; Fairfield
  • de Ffiliceto – Fernham
  • FILIUS ADELINI – Fitz-Adelin; Edlin
  • FILIUS ALANI – Fitz-Alan
  • FILIUS ALUREDI – Fitz-Alard; Fitz-Alfred
  • FILIUS AMANDI – Fitz-Amand
  • FILIUS ANDREÆ – Fitz-andrew
  • FILIUS BALDEWINI – Baldwin; Bolderson; Bowdon
  • FILIUS BALDRICI – Baldrey
  • FILIUS BERNARDI – Fitz-Bernard
  • FILIUS BRICIIS – Bryson
  • FILIUS BOGONIS – Bewes
  • FILIUS BRIANI – Fitz-Brian
  • FILIUS COCI – Cookson
  • FILIUS COMITIS – Fitz-Count
  • FILIUS DAUIDIS – Dawson
  • FILIUS DRACONIS – Drake
  • FILIUS DRAGONIS – Drewes; Drew
  • FILIUS EDMUNDI – Edmunds
  • FILIUS EUSTACHII – Fitz-Eustace
  • FILIUS FULCONIS – Fitz-Fulk; Faulke
  • FILIUS GALFRIDI – Fits-Geoffry
  • FILIUS GERARDI – Fitz-Gerrard
  • FILIUS GILLEBERTI – Fitz-Gilbert
  • FILIUS GODESCALLI – Godshall
  • FILIUS GUALTERI – Fitzwalter; Walters
  • FILIUS GUARINI – Fitz-Warren
  • FILIUS GUIDONIS – Fitz-Guy; Fitzwith
  • FILIUS GULIELMI – Fitz-*William; Williamson; Williams
  • FILIUS HAMONIS – Fitz-Hamon; Hammond; Hampson
  • FILIUS HARDINGI – Fitz-Hardinge
  • FILIUS HENRICI – Fitz-Henry; Harrison; Harris
  • FILIUS HERBERTI – Fitz-Herberti
  • FILIUS HUGONIS – Fitz-*Hugh; Hughes; Hewes; Hewish; Hewson
  • FILIUS HUMFREDI – Fitz-Humphrey; Humphreys
  • FILIUS IBOTÆ – Ibbottson; Ebison
  • FILIUS ISAAC – Isaacs; Higgins; Higginson; Hickson
  • FILIUS JACOBI – Fitz-James; Jameson
  • FILIUS JOHANNIS – Fitz-John; Johnson; Jones
  • FILIUS KATERINA – Katlyson; Cattlin
  • FILIUS LAURENTII – Lawson
  • FILIUS LETITIÆ – Lettson
  • FILIUS LUCÆ – Fitz-Lucas
  • FILIUS LUCIÆ – Lucy
  • FILIUS MAURICII – Fitz-Maurice; Morison
  • FILIUS MICHAELIS – Fitz-Michael
  • FILIUS NICOLAI – Fitz-Nichol; Nicholson; Nichols
  • FILIUS ODONIS – Fitz-Otes
  • FILIUS OLIUERI – Fitz-Oliver
  • FILIUS OSBURNI – Fitz-Osburn
  • FILIUS OSMONDI – Fitz-Osmond
  • FILIUS OTHONIS or OTTONIS – Fitz-Otes
  • FILIUS PAGANI – Fitz-Pain
  • FILIUS PATRICII – Fitz-Patrick
  • FILIUS PETRI – Fitz Peter; Peterson; Peters
  • FILIUS PHILIPPI – Phillips; Phipps; Phipson
  • FILIUS RADULFI – Fitz-Ralph; Raphson
  • FILIUS REGINALDI – Fitz-Raynold; Reynolds
  • FILIUS RICARDI – Fitz-*Richard; Richardson; Richards
  • FILIUS ROBERTI – Fitz-*Robert; Robertson; Roberts; Robinson
  • FILIUS ROGERI – Fitz-Rogers; Rogerson; Rogers
  • FILIUS SAHERI – Searson
  • FILIUS SIMONIS – Fitz-Simon; Simonds
  • FILIUS STEPHANI – Fitz-*Stephen; Stephenson; Stephens; Stiffin
  • FILIUS SUANI – Swainson
  • FILIUS THOME – Fitz-Thomas; Thompson
  • FILIUS VIDUÆ – Widdowson
  • FILIUS WALTERI – Fitz-walter; Walters; Waters; Watson; Watts
  • FILIUS WARINI – Fitz-Warin-Warisno
  • de FIRMITATE – de la Ferté
  • de FLAMMAUILLA – de Flamville
  • FLANDRENSIS – Flemyng
  • FLAUILLUS – Flavell
  • FLAUUS – Blund; Blount; Fleuez
  • FLECHARIUS – Le Flechier; Fletcher
  • FLORUS – Flowers
  • de FLUCTIBUS – Flood
  • de FOLIA – Foley
  • de FOLIIS – Foulis
  • de FONTE – Font; Faunt
  • de FONTE AUSTRALI – Southwell
  • de FONTE EBRALDI – Fontevraud
  • de FONTE LIMPIDO – Sherburn
  • de FONTIBUS – Wells
  • de FORDA – Ford
  • FORESTARIUS – Forester; Foster
  • de FORGIA – de la Forge
  • FORMANNUS – Formes
  • de FORNELLIS – de Furnell
  • de FORTI SCUTO – Fortescue
  • de FORTIBUS – de Fort; de Forz; Force
  • de FOSSA NOUA – Newdike
  • de FRAISNETO; FRAXINETO – de Fraine; du Fresne
  • de FRANCHEUILLA – de Freville
  • FRANCUS – Franks
  • de FRAXINO – del Freine; Frean; Ashe
  • FRESCOBURNUS – Freshburne
  • de FREUILLA – Fretchville; Freville
  • de FRIGIDO MANTELLO – Freemantle
  • de FRIGIDO Monte – de Fremond; Fremont
  • de FRISCA VILLA – *Fretchville; Freville; Freshfield
  • de FRISCO MARISCO – Freshmarsh
  • FULCHERII – Fulcher
  • de FULGERIIS – de Fougeres; de Filgeriis; Fulcher
  • de FURNELLIS – Furneaux; Furness
  • de GAIO – Gai; Gay; Jay
  • de GANDANO ; GANDAUENSIS – Gaunt
  • GANTERIUS – Glover
  • de GARDAROBA – Wardroper
  • de GARDINIS – Garden
  • GARNERUS – Guarnier; Warner
  • de GASCONIA – Gascoyne
  • de GAWEIA – Gower
  • de GEINUILA – de Geynville
  • de GENEUA – de Geneville
  • de GENISTETO – Bromfield
  • de GERARDI – Greville; Graville
  • GERVASIUS – Gerveis; Jarvis; Jervis
  • GIOUANUS – Young
  • de GIRBIRTI VILLA – de Gerberville
  • de GISNETO – de Gisney; Gynney
  • de GISORTIO – de Gisors
  • de GLANUILLA – Glanvil
  • GOBIO – Gudgeon
  • de GORNIACO – Gorney; Gurney
  • GOSSELINUS – Gosling
  • de GOUHERIA – Gower
  • GRAMMATICUS – Grammer
  • de GRANA – Graine; Grain
  • de GRANAVILLA; GREENVILLA – Greenvil or Grenville
  • de GRANDAVILLA – Granvile
  • de GRANDISONO – de Graunson; Grandison
  • GRANDIS or MAGNUS VENATOR – Grosvenor
  • GRANDUS – Le Grand; Graunt; Grant
  • GRANETARIUS – Grenet
  • de GRANGIA – Grainge
  • GRANGIARIUS – Grainger
  • de GRANO ORDEI; GRANUM ORDEI – Greindorge
  • GRASSUS – Le Gras; Grace; Le Gros
  • de GRAVA – de la Grave; Graves
  • de GRENDONA – Greendon
  • de GRENTO – Grente; Grinde
  • de GREYLIACO – de Greilly; Grelley
  • GRIMBALDI – Grimbaud
  • de GRINNOSA VILLA – de Grinville
  • de GRIPERIA – Gripper
  • GRISIUS – Le Grice
  • de GROSSO – de Gruce; Gross
  • de GROSSO MONTE – Grosmond; Grismond
  • de GROSSO VENATORE – Grosvenor
  • GROSSUS – Le Gros
  • GROTIUS – Grose
  • de GRUE – Crane
  • GUARIN – Guerin
  • GUIDO – Guy; Gee
  • de GUIDOUILLA – Wydville; Wyville
  • GULAFFRA – Golofre; Golfer; Gulfer; Golafre
  • de GUNDEUILLA – Gonville
  • de GUNTHERI SYLUA – Gunter
  • de GUTI – del Got
  • de HAIA – de la Haye; Hay
  • de HAMBEIA – Hamby; Hanby
  • de HANOIA – de Henau; Hanway
  • de HANTONA – Hanton; Hampton
  • de HARELA – Harkley
  • de HARICURIA – Harcourt; Harecourt
  • HARVAEUS – Harvey
  • HASTIFRAGUS – Brakespere
  • HAUARDUS – Howard
  • de HAULA – DE LA Hale; Hall; Hawley
  • de HAYA – de la Haye; Hay
  • HERMITA – Armit
  • HERES – Le Hare; Eyre
  • HIERONYMUS – Jerome; Jerram
  • de HIRUNDINE – Arundel
  • HISPANIOLUS – Aspinall
  • de HOGA – de la Hoge; Hogg
  • de HOLMO – Holmes
  • de HOSATA; de HOSA – de la Hose; de la Huse
  • HOSATUS – Hose; Huese; Hussey
  • HOWARDUS – Howard
  • HUGO – Hook
  • HUSATUS; HUSSATUS – Hoese; huese; hussey
  • de ILLERIIS – de St. Hellier; Hillier
  • INFANS – L'Enfant; Child
  • de INGANIA – Engaine
  • de INSULA – Lisle
  • de INSULA BONA – Lislebone
  • de INSULA FONTIS – Lilburne
  • de IPRA – de Ipres
  • de ISPANIA – Spain
  • de JAUNA – Janeway
  • JOANNIS – Johnson
  • de JOANNIS VILLA – de *Jehanville; Geneville; Ganville
  • JOANNUS – Jones
  • JODOCUS – Joice
  • JUUENIS – Lejeune; Young
  • de KAHAGNIS – Keynes
  • de KAINETO; de KAISNETO; de KEYNETO – *Chesney; Cheney; Keynes
  • KENTESIUS – Le Kenties; Kentish
  • de KIMA; KYMA – de Kyme; Keymer
  • de LACELLA – Lascales; Lacelles
  • de LACU – de Lake; Lake
  • de LADA – de la Lade
  • de LÆTO LOCO – Lettley
  • de La MARA – de la Mare; Delamare, Delamere, Lamarre
  • de Laga – Lee; Lea; Leigh
  • LAMBARDUS – Lambard or Lambert
  • de LANDAS – de la Lande; Land, De la Launde
  • de LANDALIS – Landal; Landels
  • de LANGDONA ; LANDONA – Langdon
  • LARDERARIUS – Lardenier; Lardner
  • de LARGO – Large
  • LATIMARIUS; Latinarius – Latimer; Latomer
  • de LATO CAMPO – Bradfield
  • de LATO VADO – Bradford
  • de LATO PEDE – Braidfoot
  • LAUREMARIUS – Lorimer
  • de LECHA – Leke
  • de LEGA – Leigh; Lee
  • LEGATUS – Leggatt
  • de LEICA – Leke
  • de LEICESTRIA – Lester
  • LESLÆUS – Leslie
  • LEUCHENORIUS – Lewkin; Lewknor
  • de LEXINTUNA – Lexington
  • de LEZINIACO – de Lezinan
  • de LIBERATIONE – Liverance
  • de LIENTICURIA – de Liancourt
  • de LIMESIA – Limsie
  • de Linna – Linne
  • de LISORIIS; LISORIS – Lizurs; Lisors
  • de LOCO FRUMENTI – Whethamstede
  • de LOGIIS – Lodge
  • de LONGA SPATHA – Longespee
  • de LONGA VILLA – *Longueville; Longville; Longfellow
  • de LONGO CAMPO – Longchamp; Longshanks
  • de LONGO PRATO – Longmede
  • LOTHARINGIUS – Le Loreyne; Lorraine; Lorriner
  • LOTHARIUS – Lowther
  • de LUCCEIO – Lucy; Lewsey
  • LUDOUICUS – de Lues; Lewis
  • de LUERA – Lower
  • de LUNDA – Lund
  • de LUPELLIS; LUPELLUS – Lovel
  • LUPUS – Le Loup; Love; Loo; Woolf
  • de LUSORIIS – Lusher
  • de LUXA – De Los
  • MACER – Le Meyre
  • MACNISIUS – Mackness
  • de MADERIACO – de Mezieres; Measures
  • de MAGNA PENA – de Magne Peoine; Moneypenny; Mappin
  • de MAGNA VILLA – Mandeville; Mannwille
  • de MAGNO MONTE – Grosmount or Groumount
  • MAGNUS VENATOR – Grosvenor
  • MAINFELINUS – Meinfeuin
  • de MAINO – Maine; Maoun
  • de MALA BISSA – de Malebisse; de Malebiche
  • de MALA FIDE – Maufe
  • de MALA HERBA – Malherbe
  • de MALA OPERA – Mallop
  • de MALA PLATEA – Malpas
  • de MALA TERRA – Mauland; Eveland
  • de MALA VILLA – Melville
  • de MALCHENCEIO – Munchensy
  • MALCONDUCTUS – Malduit; Mauduit
  • MALEDOCTUS – Maudoit
  • MALEDUETUS – Malduit; Mauduit
  • MALISIUS – Malis
  • de MALIS MANIBUS – Malmains
  • de MALIS OPERIBUS – Maloor
  • de MALO LEONE – Mauleon
  • de MALO CONDUCTU – Malduit
  • de MALA DOMO – de Maubusson
  • de MALO LACU – Mauley
  • de MALO VICINO; MALUS VACINUS – *Malveisin; Malvoisin; Mavesyn; Mason
  • de MALO VISU – Malveya
  • de MALPASSU – Malpas
  • MALUS CATALUS – Malcael; Malchael; Malchein; Machel
  • MALUS LEPORARIUS – Maleverer; Mallieure; Mallyvery
  • MALUS LUPELLUS – Maulovel; Mallovel
  • de MONDAVILLA – Mandeville; Manneville
  • de MANERIIS – de Menguse; Menzies; Manners
  • de MANIBUS – de Mans
  • de MANNAVILLA – Mandeville; Manhill; Manwell
  • de MARA – de la Mare; Mare; Marre
  • de MARCHIA – de La Marche; March
  • de MARCI VALLIBUS – Martival
  • de MARCO – Mark
  • MARESCALLUS – Marshal or Le Marshal; Merrishaw
  • de MARINIS – Maryon; Marwin
  • de MARISCO – del Mareis; Marsh
  • MARRUGLARIUS – Le Marler
  • de MARTIUALLIS – *Martivaux; Martival; Martivast; Martwas
  • de MASURA – Le Massor; Measor
  • MAUCLERUS – Lacklatin
  • MAURENCIACUS – de Montmorency
  • de MAURITANIA – de Morteine
  • de MADIA VILLA – Middleton
  • MEDICUS – Leech
  • de MEDUANA – Maine; Mayenne
  • de MELSA – de Meaulx; Meux; Mews
  • MENTULAMANUS – "Toulmaine alias Hancocke"
  • de MERCATO – de Marche; March
  • MERCATOR – Mercer
  • de MESLERIIS; de MEULERIIS – Mellers
  • de MICENIS – Meschines
  • MILESIUS; MILETUS – Miles
  • de MINERIIS – Miners
  • de MINORIIS – Minours
  • de MOELIS – de Moelles or Moels; Mills
  • MOLENDINARIUS – Miller; Milner
  • de MOLENDINIS – Molines
  • de MOLIS – de Moelles or Loels; Mills
  • MONACHUS – Le Moigne; Monk
  • de MONASTERIIS – Musters; Masters
  • de MONCELLIS – Monceaux; Monson; Monser
  • de MONEMUTHA – Monmouth
  • de MONTANA – de Montaignes; de Montaigne; Mountain
  • de MONTE – Mount; Mont
  • de MONTE ACUTO – Montacute; Montague
  • de MONTE ALTO – Montalt; Montealto; Munhaut; Mohaut; Moald; Mold; Maulde; Maude
  • de MONTE AQUILÆ – Mounteagle
  • de MONTE BEGONIS – Mountbegon
  • de MONTE BRITONUM – de Montbreton
  • de MONTE CANASIO; CANESIO; CANISIO – Montchesney; Munchensi
  • de MONTE DEI – Mundy
  • de MONTE DUBLELLI – de Mont Dubleaux
  • de MONTE FIXO – Montfitchet; Munfitchet
  • de MONTE FLORUM – de Monteflour
  • de MONTE FORTI – Montfort
  • de MONTE GAII; de MONTE GAUDII – Montjoy; Mungy
  • de MONTE GOMERICO – Montgomery
  • de MONTE HERMERII – Monthermer
  • de MONTE JOUIS – Montjoy
  • de MONTE KANESIO – Montchensey; Munchensi
  • de MONTE MARISCO – Montmorency
  • de MONTE MARTINI – de Montmartre
  • de MONTE MORACI; MORENTIO – Montmorency
  • de MONTE PESSONO; de MONTE PESGULANO – Montpinzon; Mompesson
  • de MONTE PISSONIS; de MONTE PISSORIS – Montpinzon; Mompesson
  • de MONTE REUELLI – Monterville
  • de MORAUIA – Moray; Murray
  • de MORISCO – Moore
  • de MORTIUALLIS – de Martivaux
  • de MORTUO MARI – Mortimer
  • de MOTA – de La Motte
  • de MOUBRAIA – Mowbray
  • de MUCHELEGATA – Micklegate
  • de MUMBRAIO – Mowbray
  • MURDACUS – Murdoch
  • AD MURUM – Walton
  • de MUSEA – Mus; Mosse
  • de MUSCO CAMPO – Musechamp
  • MUSTELA – Musteile
  • NAPPATOR – Le Naper; Napier
  • de NASO – de Nes; Ness
  • NEPOS – Le Neve
  • NEQUAM – Neckham
  • de NEVILLA – Nevil
  • NIGELLUS – Niele; Neal
  • NIGEROCULUS – Blackey
  • de NODARIIS; NODORIIS – Nowres
  • NORENSIS – Noreis; Nordman; Norman
  • NORMANDUS – Norman
  • NORRISCUS – Norris; Nurse
  • de NORUICO – Norwich
  • de NOVA TERRA – Newland
  • de NOVA VILLA – Neufville; Neville; Newell
  • de NOVIOMO – Noon
  • de NOVO BURGO – Newburgh; Newborough
  • de NOVO CASTELLOM – Newcastle
  • de NOVO FORE – de Neumarche; Newmarch
  • de NOVO LOCO – Newark
  • de NOVO MERCATO – de Neumarche; Newmarch
  • de NOVO OPPIDO – Newton
  • NOUUS – Newman
  • NOUUS HOMO – Newman
  • NUTRICIUS – Nurse
  • de OBURUILLA – de Abbeville; Appeville
  • de OILEIO; OILI; OILIUS – D'Oylu; Olley
  • de OMNIBUS SANCTIS – Toussaint
  • de ORTIACO – del Ortyay; Lorty;
  • OSTIARIUS – Le Huissier; Usher; Durward (Scotch)
  • de OUGHTIA – Doughty
  • de PACCEIO – de Pasci; Pacy
  • PACCEUS – Pace
  • PAGANELLUS – Pagnell; Painel; Paynell
  • PAGANUS – Payne
  • PALMARIUS – Le Paumier; Palmer
  • PALMIGER – Palmer
  • de PALO – del Pau
  • de Palude – Puddle; Marsh
  • de PAREO – Park; Perck
  • PARMENTARIUS – Parmenter; Taylor
  • de PARUA TARRI – Torel; Tyrrel
  • de PARUA VILLE – Littleton
  • PARUUS – Le Petit; Petty
  • de PASCUO LAPIDOSO – Stanley
  • de PAUILLIACO; de PAULIACO – Pavley
  • PECCATUM; de PECCATO; PECCATUS – *Peche; Pecche; Pecke
  • de PEDE PLANCO – Pauncefoot
  • PEITONUS – Peyton
  • PELLIPARIUS – Skinner
  • PENTECOSTES – Wytesoneday
  • PERFECTUS – Parfey; Parfitt
  • de PERIIS – Piers
  • de PERONA – Perowne
  • de PERRARIIS – Perrers
  • de PETRA – Petre
  • de PETRAPONTE; PETROPONTO – Peirrepont; Perpoint
  • PEVERELLUS – Peverell
  • PHISCERUS – Fisher
  • de PICTAIIA; PICTAUIENNSIS – Peytevin; Peyto; Peto
  • PINCERNA – Butler
  • de PINIBUS – Dupin
  • de PINU – Pine; Pyne
  • PIPERELLUS – Pepperell; Peverell
  • PISCATOR – Fisher
  • de PISCE; de PISCIBUS – Fish
  • de PISSIACO – Poysey
  • PLACIDUS – Placett
  • de PLANCA – De la Planche
  • de PLANTAGENTISTA – Plantagenent
  • de PLESSETIS; PLESSEIZ – de *Pleseys; Plesseiz; Plessez; Plaiz; Place
  • de PODIO – des Pus
  • POHERIUS – Puherius
  • de POLA – de la Pole
  • de POLEIO – Poley
  • POLUS – Pole; Poole
  • de POMARIO – Appleyard
  • PONDERATOR – Le Balauncer
  • de PONTE – Bridge
  • de PONTE FRACTO – Pomfrey
  • AD PONTEM – Atte Brigge; Brigge; Paunton
  • de PONTIBUS – Bridgeman; Bridges
  • de PONTISSARA; PONTISSERA -Sawbridge; pontoise; Pontys
  • PONTIUS – Pons; Pounce
  • PORCARIUS – Le Porcher
  • de PORCELLIS – Purcell
  • AD PORTAM – Porter
  • POTTARIUS – Potter
  • le POURE – Power
  • POUTENEIUS – Poultney
  • de PRAELLIS – See also "de PRAERIIS"
  • PRÆPOSITUS – Prevot
  • de PRAERIIS – Praeres; Prahors
  • de PRATELLIS – des *Pres; Despreaux; Diprose; Meadows
  • de PRATIS – Praty; Prettie
  • de PRATO – Dupre; Mead; Pratt
  • de PRECARIIS – See also "de PRAERIIS"
  • PRECO – Price
  • PUHERIUS; PUHERUS – Le Poher; Poer
  • de PUILLETA – Paulet
  • de PULCHRO CAPELLITIO – Fairfax
  • PULETARIUS – Le Poleter; Poulter
  • PUNTIS – Pons; Pounce
  • de PURCELLIS – Purcell
  • de PUTEACO – de Pusat; Pudsey; Pusev
  • de PUTEIS – Pittes
  • de PUTEO – Pitt
  • de PYSANIS – de Pessaigne
  • QUASPATRICIUS – Gospatric
  • RAALEGA – Ralegh
  • de RADENEIO – de Reyney; Rodney
  • de RADEONA – Rodney
  • de RADIO – Raye
  • RAGOTUS – Le Raggide; Raggett
  • de RAIMIS – de Reimes
  • de RALEGA – Ralegh
  • de REA – de Ree; Ray
  • de REDUERIIS – Rivers
  • REGINALDI – Renaud; Reynolds
  • REGINALDUS – Reynold
  • REGIOSYLUANUS – Kingswood
  • REINARDUS – Rayner; Reyner
  • RENOLDUS – Reynold
  • REX – King; Reeks
  • RHESEUS – Ap Rhys; Ap Rice; Price
  • de RIA – de Rie; Rye
  • de RICO MONTE – Richmond
  • RIGIDIUS – Rivers
  • de RIPERIA; RIPARIIS; RIVERIA; RIVERIIS – de *Ripers; Rivers; Driver
  • ROBERTIADES – Roberts
  • de ROCA – Rock
  • de RODENEIA – Rodney
  • RODERICUS – Rothery
  • de RODOLIO – de Roel; Rolle
  • de ROILLIO – de Roilli; Reuilly; Rowley
  • de ROKA – Rock
  • de ROKELA – Rockley
  • de ROMELIOLO – de Romilli; Romilly; Rumley
  • ROTARIUS – Wheeler; Rutter
  • de ROTIS – Rote; Roots
  • de ROTUNDO; ROTUNDUS – Ronde; Round; Rounce
  • de RUA – Rue
  • de RUBEO MONTE – Rougemont
  • de RUBRA MANU – Redmayne
  • de RUBRA SPATHA – Rospear; Rooper; Roper
  • de RUBRO CLIUO – Radcliffe
  • de RUDA – Routh
  • de RUELLA – Ruel; Rule
  • RUFFUS; RUFUS – Le Roux; Le Rus; Rous; Ruff
  • de RUGEHALA – Rugeley; Ruggles
  • de RUPE – de la Roche; Roche; Droope; Drope; Roek
  • de RUPE CAUARDI – de Rochechouard
  • de RUPE FORTI – Rochfort
  • de RUPE SCISSA – Cutcliffe
  • de Rupella – de la Rochelle; Rokell; Roupell
  • de RUPERIA – {See also RUPETRA}
  • de RUPETRA – de Rupierre; Rooper; Roper
  • de RUPIBUS; RUPINUS – Roche; Rock
  • de SABAUDIA – Savoy
  • de SACCA VILLA – Sackville
  • de SACEIO – de Sace; de Sauce
  • de SACHEVILLA – de Sacquenville; Soucheville; Sackville
  • de SACRA FAGO – Hollebech; Holbeach
  • de SACRA QUERCU – Holyoak
  • de SACRO BOSCO – Holywood
  • de SACRO FONTE – Holybrook; Holbrook
  • SAGITTARIUS – Archer
  • de SAIO – Say
  • de SAKENVILLA – Sackville
  • de SALCETO – Saucey
  • de SALCHAVILLA – Salkeld
  • de SALICOSA MARA – Wilmore
  • de SALICOSA VENA – Salvein
  • de SALSO MARISCO – Saumarez; Saltmarsh
  • de SALTU CAPELLÆ – Sacheverel
  • de SALTU LACTEO – Melkeley
  • SALVAGIUS – Savage
  • SANCHO – Sankey
  • de SANETA BARBA or BARBARA – Senbarb; Simberb
  • de SANCTA CLARA – St. Clare; Sinclair
  • de SANCTA CRUCE – St. Croix; Cross
  • de SANCTA ERMINA – Armine
  • de SANCTA FIDE – St. Faith; Faith; Fiddes
  • de SANCTA GENEVEFA – Jeneway
  • de SANTA MARIA – St. Mary (found in numerous 11th century charters, mainly as witnesses or grants, as opposed to fee records)
  • de SANCTA TERRA – Holyland
  • de SANCTA VILLA – Sent Vile; Sainneville
  • de SANCTO ALBANO – St. Alban
  • de SANCTO ALBINO – Seyntabyn; St. Aubyn
  • de SANCTO ALEMONDO – Salmon
  • de SANCTO AMANDO – St. Amand; Samand
  • de SANCTO AUDEMARO – St. Omer
  • de SANCTO AUDOENO – St. Owen
  • de SANCTO BRICIO – Brice
  • de SANCTO CINERINO – Chinnery
  • de SANCTO CLARO – Senclere; Sinclair
  • de SANCTO CLAUDO – Clodd; Clode
  • de SANCTO CRISPINO – Crispin; Crisp
  • de SANCTO DIONYSIO – Dennis
  • de SANCTO EDMUNDO – Edmunds
  • de SANCTO EDOLPHO – Stydolph
  • de SANCTO EDUARDO – Edwards
  • de SANCTO EUSTACIO – Stacey
  • de SANCTO GELASIO – Singlis
  • de SANCTO GERMANO – Germain
  • de SANCTO HILARIO – Hillary
  • de SANCTO JOHANNE – St. John; Singen
  • de SANCTO JUDOCO – de Joyeuse; Jorz; Joyce
  • de SANCTO LAUDO; de SANCTO LODO – St. Laud; Sentlo; Senlo
  • de SANCTO LEODEGARIO – St. Ledger; Sallenger; Ledger
  • de SANCTO LEONARDO – Lennard
  • de SANCTO LIZIO – St. Lys; Senliz
  • de SANCTO LUPO – Sentlow
  • de SANCTO LUZO – Sentluke
  • de SANCTO MARTINO – de Danmartin; Semarton; Martin
  • de SANCTO MAURISIO – St. Morris
  • de SANCTO MAURO – St. Maur
  • de SANCTO MEDARDO – Semark
  • de SANCTO NEOTO – Sennett
  • de SANCTO OLAUO – Toly
  • de SANCTO PAULO – Sampol; Semple
  • de SANCTO PETRO – Sampier; Semper; Symper
  • de SANCTO PHILEBERTO – Filbert
  • de SANCTO QUINTINO – St. Quintin
  • de SANCTO REMIGIO – de St. Remy; Remy
  • de SANCTO SERENNIO – Chinnery
  • de SANCTO VEDASTO – Foster
  • de SANCTO VIGORE – Vygour
  • de SANCTO WALLERICO – St. Wallere; Waller
  • de SANDUICO – Sandwich
  • SAPIENS – Le Sage
  • SARACENUS – Sarazin; Sarson
  • SARTORIUS – Sartoris; Sartres
  • SAVAGIUS – Savage
  • SAVARICUS – Savory
  • de SAVINIACO – de Savigny; Saveney
  • de SAXO FERRATO – Ironston; Ironzon
  • de SCALARIIS – de Scaliers; Scales
  • de SCOLEIO – Scully
  • de SCURIS – LESCURES
  • de SEINLICIO; SENLYCIO – de Seinliz
  • de SELLA – de Salle; Sale
  • SENESCALLUS – Stewart; Stuart
  • de SEPTEM HIDIS – de Sethides
  • de SEPTEM VALLIBUS – de Setvaux
  • de SEPTEM VANNIS – Setvans
  • SERLO – Searle
  • de SEUECURDA – Seacourt
  • SEVALLUS – Sewell
  • de SICCA VILLA – de Secheville; de *Sacheville; Satchwell; Sackville
  • de SIDEVILLA – Sidwell
  • SILVANUS – Silvain; Salvin
  • SINE AVERIO – Sanzaver
  • SIVARDUS – Seward
  • de SMALAUILLA – {See MALAUILLA}
  • de SOLA – Sole
  • de SOLARIIS – Solers
  • SOPHOCARDIUS – Wiseheart
  • de SPADA – Speed; Speedy
  • de SPINETO – Spine; Spinney
  • de STAGNO – Stanhow; Poole; Pond
  • de STAMPIS – d'Estampes; Stamp
  • de STELLA – Stel; Steele
  • STEPHANIDES – Fitz Stephen
  • STIGANAUS – Stiggins
  • de STIPITE SICCO – de la Zouche
  • de STOTEVILLA – d'Estoteville; Stutfield
  • STRABO – Louch
  • de STRATAVILLA – d'Estréeville; Streatfield
  • de STRATONA – Stretton
  • SUB NEMORE – Underwood
  • de SUDBURIA – Sudbury
  • de SUILLEIO – de Suilli; Sully
  • SUPER TYSAM – Surteys; Surtees
  • de SUREVILLA – Surville; Sherville
  • de SUTHLEIA; SUTLEIA – Suthley; Sudley
  • de SYLUA – Weld
  • SYLUANECTENSIS – Seyton
  • de TABERNA – Taverner
  • TALLIATOR – Taylor
  • de TANAIA – Taney
  • de TANCO – de Tani; Tawney
  • de TANKARDI VILLA – Tankerville
  • TANNATOR – Le Tanur; Tanner
  • TAXO – Tesson; Tyson
  • TELARIUS – Taylor; Tylor
  • de TERTIA MANU – Tremayne
  • TEUTONICUS – Tyes; Teys
  • THAMARIUS – Thame; Tame
  • de THANETO – Thanet; Tanet; Tent
  • THEOBALDUS – Tipple
  • THEODORICUS – Terry; Derrick
  • de THORNAMUSA – Torneumue
  • de TIRNISCO – de Terouisch
  • de TOLETA – Tollitt; Tullet
  • de TONA – Tonny; Tony
  • de TORTO – Turt
  • de TOSCA – Tosh
  • de TRIBUS MINETIS – Treminet
  • de TRUBLEUILLA – Troubleville; Turberville
  • de TULKA – Tuke; Toke
  • de TURBIDA VILLA – Turberville
  • TURCHETILLUS – Turchill
  • de TURPI VADO – Fulford
  • de TURRI – Towers; Torry
  • de TURRIBUS – de Turs; de Tours
  • de TYLIA – Tille; Tyley
  • de UFFINTONA – Ufton
  • de UMBROSA QUERCU – Dimoak; Dimock
  • de URTIACO – de Lorty; Lort; Hort
  • de USSEIO – Ducie
  • USUSMARE – Hussey
  • de VAACEIO – de Vaacey; Vaizey
  • VACA – de la Wae; Wake
  • VACARIUS – Vacher; Levaque; Livock
  • de VACCARIA – Vicary; Vickery
  • de VADA – Wade
  • de VADO BOUM – Oxford
  • de VADO SAXI – Stanford
  • VALCHELINUS – Wakelin
  • de VALEIO – de Valle; Wall
  • de VALENCIA – Valence
  • VALESIUS – Walsh
  • de VALLE – Wale; Wall
  • de VALLE TORTA – Valetor; Vautort
  • de VALLIBUS – de Vals; Vaux
  • de VALLO – Wall
  • de VALONIIS – de Valognes; Valoines
  • de VALUINIS – Wauwain; Walwyn
  • de VANNARIO – Le Vanner
  • de VARAVILLA – Varvill; Warwell
  • VARDÆUS – Ward
  • VELOX – Swift; Fogarty
  • VENATOR – Vendore; Venour
  • de VENETIA – Venesse
  • de VERINEIO – de Verigny; Verney
  • de VERNACO – de Vernai; Ferney
  • de VESCI – Vessey
  • de VETERE AULA – Oldhall; Oldham
  • de VETERE PONTE – Vieuxpont; Vipont; Veepount
  • de VETULA – Vale; Viel; Vyel
  • de VETULIS – de Vielles
  • VETULUS – Viel
  • de VICARIIS – Viccars
  • VICINUS – Le Veysin
  • de VICO – de Vicques; Vick
  • VIDULATOR – Le Vielur
  • de Vigneio – da Vigny; de Wignai
  • de VILLA – Veal
  • de VILLA MAGNA – Mandeville
  • de VILLA MOTA; MOUTA – Wilmot
  • de VILLA TORTA – Croketon
  • de VILLARIIS – Villiers
  • de VINDINO – de Vendome; Phantam
  • de VINO SALUO – Vinsauf
  • de VIRIDI CAMPO – Greenfield
  • de VIRIDI VILLA – Greenville
  • VITULUS – See also "VETULUS"
  • VULPIS – Renard; Rainer
  • VULSÆUS – Wolsey
  • de WACELLIS – Wasel; Vassall
  • WALCHELINUS – Wakelin
  • WALLENSIS – Le Walleis; Wallace
  • de WANCEIO – Wansey
  • de WARENNA – Warren
  • WARENNARIUS – Warrender
  • de WARNEUILLA – Warneville
  • de WARTEUILLA – See also "de WATEUILLA"
  • de WASA – Wace
  • de WASPRIA – de Guaspre; de Waspre; Vosper
  • de WATELEGA – Wateley; Wheatley
  • de WATEUILLA – Waleville; Waterfield
  • de WELLEBO – de Wellebof; Welbore
  • WISCARDUS – Wishart
  • WOLLÆUS – Wolley
  • WOLSÆUS – Wolsey
  • WOLUESÆUS – Wolsey
  • de WYUILLA – Wyville; Weevil; Whewell

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Staffan Nyström (main editor), Eva Brylla, Märit Frändén, Mats Wahlberg & Per Vikstrand 2013: Namn och namnforskning. Ett levande läromedel om ortnamn, personnamn och andra namn, pp. 121-122. Accessed on February 15th, 2020, at https://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:606610/FULLTEXT01.pdf
  2. ^ Staffan Nyström (main editor), Eva Brylla, Märit Frändén, Mats Wahlberg & Per Vikstrand 2013: Namn och namnforskning. Ett levande läromedel om ortnamn, personnamn och andra namn, p. 148. Accessed on February 15th, 2020, at https://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:606610/FULLTEXT01.pdf
  3. ^ de:Deutsche Familiennamen
  4. ^ de:Liste latinisierter Personennamen
  5. ^ Stieger, Daniel 2019. Alte Berufsbezeichnungen. http://www.daniel-stieger.ch/berufe.htm (Updated December 7th, 2019. Accessed December 22nd, 2019)
  6. ^ G. E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, Vol.3, 1913, Appendix C, p.610
  7. ^ John Collinson, History and Antiquities of the County of Somerset, Vol.2, 1791, p.378[1]
  8. ^ Literally: "from the golden testicles"
  9. ^ Charles Trice Martin; Elias (de) Aureis Testiculis was holding 10 knight's fees of Earl William of Gloucester in the Cartae Baronum of 1166
  10. ^ Collins Robert French Dictionary
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Martin, Charles Trice (1910). The record interpreter : a collection of abbreviations, Latin words and names used in English historical manuscripts and records (2nd ed.). London: Stevens and Sons Ltd.
  13. ^ Wright, 9th edition, p.91[3]
  14. ^ [4]