List of Native Americans in the United States Congress

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This is a list of Native Americans in the U.S. Congress.

All entries on this list are related to Native American tribes based in the contiguous United States. No Alaska Natives have ever served in Congress as a Representative or Senator, though some have served as non-voting territorial delegates. There are Native Hawaiians who have served in Congress, but they are not listed here because they are distinct from North American Natives.

The only two current members of Congress on this list are Tom Cole and Markwayne Mullin, both of whom are Republicans from Oklahoma.

All entries on this list are men. No Native American woman has ever served in Congress.

Senate[edit]

Picture Senator
(lifespan)
Tribal Ancestry State Party Term start Term end Notes
Hiram Rhodes Revels Hiram Revels
(1827–1901)
Lumbee Mississippi Republican February 23, 1870 March 4, 1871 Resigned to become the President of Alcorn State University
Robert Latham Owen Robert Owen
(1856–1947)
Cherokee Oklahoma Democratic December 11, 1907 March 4, 1925 Retired
Charles Curtis Charles Curtis
(1860–1936)
Kaw,
Osage,
Potawatomi
Kansas Republican January 29, 1907 January 3, 1913 Lost reelection
March 4, 1915 March 4, 1929 Served as President pro tempore and Majority Leader
Resigned after being elected Vice President
Paul O. Husting Paul Husting
(1866–1917)
Métis Wisconsin Democratic March 4, 1915 October 21, 1917 Died in office
Ben Nighthorse Campbell Ben Campbell
(born 1933)
Northern Cheyenne Colorado Democratic (1993–1995) January 3, 1993 January 3, 2005 Retired
Republican (1995-2005)

House of Representatives[edit]

Picture Representative
(lifespan)
Tribal Ancestry State Party Term start Term end Notes
John Floyd John Floyd
(1783–1837)
Powhatan Virginia Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 March 4, 1829 Later served as Governor of Virginia
Retired
Richard H. Cain Richard H. Cain
(1825–1887)
Cherokee South Carolina Republican March 4, 1873 March 4, 1875 Retired
March 4, 1877 March 4, 1879
John Mercer Langston John Mercer Langston
(1829–1897)
Pamunkey Virginia Republican September 23, 1890 March 3, 1891 Lost Reelection
Charles Curtis Charles Curtis
(1860–1936)
Kaw,
Osage,
Potawatomi
Kansas Republican March 4, 1893 January 28, 1907 Retired to become U.S. Senator from Kansas
Charles D. Carter Charles Carter
(1868–1929)
Chickasaw Oklahoma Democratic November 16, 1907 March 4, 1927 Lost renomination
William Wirt Hastings William Hastings
(1866–1938)
Cherokee Oklahoma Democratic March 4, 1915 March 4, 1921 Lost reelection
March 4, 1923 January 3, 1935 Retired
Will Rogers, Jr. Will Rogers Jr.
(1911–1993)
Cherokee California Democratic January 3, 1943 May 23, 1944 Resigned to join the U.S. Army
William G. Stigler William Stigler
(1891–1952)
Choctaw Oklahoma Democratic March 28, 1944 August 21, 1952 Died in office
Ben Reife Ben Reifel
(1906–1990)
Rosebud Sioux South Dakota Republican January 3, 1961 January 3, 1971 Retired
Floyd Hicks Floyd Hicks
(1915–1992)
Paiute,
Shoshone
Washington Democratic January 3, 1965 January 3, 1977 Retired
Clem McSpadden Clem McSpadden
(1925–2008)
Cherokee Oklahoma Democratic January 3, 1973 January 3, 1975 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the nomination to the Oklahoma gubernatorial election, 1974
Ben Nighthorse Campbell Ben Campbell
(born 1933)
Northern Cheyenne Colorado Democratic January 3, 1987 January 3, 1993 Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Colorado, 1992
Brad Carson Brad Carson
(born 1967)
Cherokee Oklahoma Democratic January 3, 2001 January 3, 2005 Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Oklahoma, 2004
Tom Cole Tom Cole
(born 1949)
Chickasaw Oklahoma Republican January 3, 2003 present
Travis Childers Travis Childers
(born 1958)
Chickasaw,
Choctaw
Mississippi Democratic May 13, 2008 January 3, 2011 Lost reelection
Markwayne Mullin Markwayne Mullin
(born 1977)
Cherokee Oklahoma Republican January 3, 2013 present

References[edit]

  • Stubben, Jerry D. (2006). "[1]". Native Americans and Political Participation: A Reference Handbook"